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Wiffle ball is a variation of the sport of baseball designed for indoor or outdoor play in confined areas. The game is played using a perforated, light-weight, resilient plastic ball and a long, typically yellow, plastic bat.
Miniature versions of baseball have been played for decades, including stickball, improvised by children, using everything from rolled up socks to tennis balls. The ball most commonly used in the game was invented by David N. Mullany at his home in Fairfield, Connecticut in 1953 when he designed a ball that curved easily for his 12-year-old son. It was named when his son and his friends would refer to a strikeout as a "whiff". The classic trademarked Wiffle Ball is about the same size as a regulation baseball, but is hollow, lightweight, of resilient plastic, and no more than 1/8 inch (3 mm) thick. One half is perforated with eight .75-inch (19 mm) oblong holes; the other half is non-perforated. This construction allows pitchers to throw a tremendous variety of curveballs and risers. Wiffle balls are typically packaged with a hollow, hard plastic, yellow bat that measures 32 inches (810 mm) in length and about 1.25 inches (32 mm) in diameter.
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Tournaments have been the driving force in modern wiffle ball and have been held in the United States and Europe since 1977. That year, Rick Ferroli began holding tournaments in his backyard tribute to Fenway Park in Hanover, Massachusetts. In 1980, the World Wiffleball Championship was established in Mishawaka, Indiana by Jim Bottorff and Larry Grau. With the explosion of the Internet in the 1990s, there are now hundreds of Wiffle ball tournaments played in the United States, most in the same place every year, with a few tournament "circuits". The World Wiffleball Championship remains the oldest tournament in the nation, having moved to the Chicago suburbs in 2013, after introducing regional stops over three decades in Baltimore; Los Angeles; Indianapolis; Eugene, Oregon; and Barcelona, Spain. The tournament is featured at #27 in the popular book, "101 Baseball Places to Visit Before You Strike Out."
There is a national fast pitch tournament every summer held in Morenci, Michigan as well. This tournament determines which league is the best in the country. It is called the NWLA Tournament.
The Super 20
The Super 20 is a list of the top 20 wiffleball teams in the world, based on the final results from the 40th Annual World Wiffle® Ball Championship in Midlothian, Illinois. The current Super 20 is as follows (as of July 21, 2019):
- Cult West Warriors, South Bend, Indiana
- Maple City Magic, La Porte, Indiana
- The M.O.B., New Carlisle, Indiana
- New Carlisle Newts, New Carlisle, Indiana
- White Lightning, La Porte, Indiana
- Balco Boys, Mishawaka, Indiana
- Granger Panthers, Granger, Indiana
- Clutch Players, South Bend, Indiana
- Twin Branch Billy Goats, Granger, Indiana
- Funky Plastic Offspring, Mishawaka, Indiana
- Loweriders, Chicago
- Bloomfield Bombers, Palatine, Illinois
- Panthers Black, Mishawaka, Indiana
- Homerun or Bust, Mishawaka, Indiana
- LWA Water Buffaloes, Chicago
- Jager Bombers, Mokena, Illinois
- Lombard Lightning, Lombard, Illinois
- Club Ripped, Munster, Indiana
- White Cubs, Hampshire, Illinois
- Ohio Knuckleheads, Mentor, Ohio
With the Chicagoland area being the epicenter of wiffleball, nearly all of the Super 20 are based in suburban Chicago or northern Indiana (with the exception of the 20th-ranked Ohio Knuckleheads).
Some wiffle ball enthusiasts have taken field construction to inspiring heights, having built fields to resemble major league ballparks. Thomas P. Hannon, Jr. authored a book, Backyard Ball, on his experiences building a smaller version of Ebbets Field. Patrick M. O'Connor wrote a book, Little Fenway, about building his versions of Fenway Park and Wrigley Field. But not all wiffleball fields have been modeled from major league ball parks. Some have created original fields, Strawberry Field in Encino, California being the most exquisite. Rick Messina spent over $700,000 constructing Strawberry Field, which features lights for night games, bleachers, and a press box. He also converted a neighboring house into a clubhouse/pub.
Building fields can lead to controversy and legal issues. In 2008, The New York Times published an article about Greenwich, Connecticut teenagers who were forced by the city to tear down a wiffle ball field they had built because of neighbor complaints.
Safety controversy in the spring of 2011
In April 2011, the government of the State of New York proclaimed that wiffle ball, as well as kickball, freeze tag and dodgeball were "unsafe" and a "significant risk of injury" for children, and declared that any summer camp program that included two or more of such activities would be subject to "government regulation". The story became a frequent source of ridicule and amusement, with Parenting.com sarcastically commenting, "According to new legislation introduced in New York State, to survive classic schoolyard games like capture the flag is to cheat death." Wiffle ball executives originally thought the order was a joke. The company has never been sued over safety issues in its 50+ year history. The disapproval of people from across the nation pressured the New York legislature to remove wiffle ball and many other entries from the list of high-risk activities, such as "archery" and "scuba diving", that require state government oversight.
In popular culture
Wiffle brand products play a central role in Wiffle Ball Summer: The Ride of the Elmoron. The nonfiction title was released in 2011 and details a bicycle journey taken by a man with a wiffle ball bat strapped to his bike frame. The final destination of his journey in the story is a large wiffle ball tournament in Lafayette, Ohio.
In his book The Complete Far Side, cartoonist Gary Larson reproduces a letter he received after including a "wiffle bat" in his cartoon. The letter contains language from Wiffle Ball Incorporated's attorneys: "In the future, when you use the brand name WIFFLE, the entire brand should be capitalized, and it should only be used in reference to a product currently manufactured by The Wiffle Ball, Inc."
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- "101 Baseball Places to Visit Before You Strike Out".
- "Official Site of the NWLA Tournament". NWLA Tournament. Retrieved June 20, 2018.
- "Super 20". November 26, 2017. Retrieved March 25, 2019.
- "Official Site of the Little Fenway Wiffle Ball Field Located in Jericho, VT". Little Fenway. Archived from the original on February 2, 2012. Retrieved February 1, 2012.
- "Wiffle Ball Hits Home – Los Angeles Times". Los Angeles Times. October 11, 2000. Retrieved February 1, 2012.
- Wiffle Ball: The Ultimate Guide by Michael Hermann, pages 107–110
- Peter Applebome (July 10, 2008). "Our Towns – Build a Wiffle Ball Field and Lawyers Will Come". The New York Times. Greenwich, Connecticut. Retrieved February 1, 2012.
- Blain, Glenn (April 19, 2011). "Classic kids games like kickball deemed "unsafe" by state in effort to increase summer camp regulation – New York Daily News". Articles.nydailynews.com. Archived from the original on December 24, 2011. Retrieved February 1, 2012.
- "Playground Games Deemed Unsafe for Kids". Parenting.com. April 20, 2011. Retrieved February 1, 2012.
- Blain, Glenn (April 20, 2011). "Wiffle Ball creators call scrapped New York state listing of backyard game as dangerous 'ridiculous' – New York Daily News". Articles.nydailynews.com. Retrieved February 1, 2012.
- "State Officials Back Off Regulating Freeze Tag, Kids' Games". NBC New York. April 19, 2011. Retrieved February 1, 2012.
- "Wiffle Ball Summer: The Ride of the Elmoron eBook: Geoffrey Arthur Drewyor, Art Drewyor, Eric J. Neeb: Kindle Store". Amazon.com. Retrieved February 1, 2012.
- Larson, Gary (2003). The Complete Far Side. 2. Andrews McMeel Publishing. p. 71. ISBN 0-7407-2113-5.
- "Live Webcams: Scientists Studying Corals Damaged by Oil in the Gulf of Mexico". Penn State Science. June 25, 2014.
- "PHOTOS & VIDEO". Nautilus Live. Retrieved April 30, 2015.
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