White Cyclone

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White Cyclone
White Cyclone Nagashima Crop.jpg
Nagashima Spa Land
Coordinates 35°01′49″N 136°44′05″E / 35.03028°N 136.73472°E / 35.03028; 136.73472Coordinates: 35°01′49″N 136°44′05″E / 35.03028°N 136.73472°E / 35.03028; 136.73472
Status Operating
Opening date 1994
General statistics
Type Wood
Manufacturer Intamin
Designer Stand Company
Model Wooden Coaster
Track layout Out and Back
Lift/launch system Chain lift hill
Height 139 ft (42 m)
Drop 129 ft (39 m)
Length 5,577.42 ft (1,700.00 m)
Speed 63.4 mph (102.0 km/h)
Duration 2:38
Height restriction 51.1811 in (130 cm)
White Cyclone at RCDB
Pictures of White Cyclone at RCDB

White Cyclone (ホワイトサイクロン Howaito Saikuron?) is a wooden roller coaster at Nagashima Spa Land in Mie Prefecture, Japan. At 1,700 m (5,600 ft) in length, White Cyclone is the third longest wooden roller coaster in the world, and is the longest wooden roller coaster outside of the United States.[1] Despite its length, White Cyclone is still considerably shorter than the 2,479 m (8,133 ft) Steel Dragon 2000, the world's longest steel roller coaster, which is also at Nagashima Spa Land. In addition to being the third longest wooden roller coaster, White Cyclone is the seventh tallest wooden roller coaster in the world, and the fourth tallest wooden roller coaster outside the United States.[2] A single ride on the White Cyclone costs ¥1,000, and the ride is restricted to those individuals above 1.3 metres (4 ft 3 in) in height; and those individuals under 54 years of age.[3]

Layout and construction[edit]

Closer aerial view of White Cyclone

Before the construction of White Cyclone in 1994, there had previously been only one wooden roller coaster ever constructed in Japan. This coaster, Jupiter, was opened in 1992—after height restrictions on wooden structures were relaxed by the Japanese government.[4] Another wooden coaster, White Canyon, opened in 1994—the same year as White Cyclone. As of 2013, the roller coasters Jupiter and White Cyclone remain two of only four operating wooden roller coasters in Japan,[5] and of only thirteen operating wooden roller coasters in Asia.[6]

White Cyclone is constructed of enough Alaskan timber to construct nearly a thousand homes.[7] The ride is particularly fast for a wooden roller coaster and it incorporates many standard elements such as helixes, large drops and smaller bunny hills.[4] The coaster incorporates a double out-and-back design and uses cars manufactured by the Philadelphia Toboggan Company.[8]