Anartia jatrophae

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White peacock
White peacock (Anartia jatrophae jatrophae) underside.JPG
A. j. jatrophae, Tobago
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Lepidoptera
Family: Nymphalidae
Tribe: Victorinini
Genus: Anartia
Species: A. jatrophae
Binomial name
Anartia jatrophae

Anartia jatrophae (white peacock) is a species of butterfly found in the southeastern United States, Central America, and throughout much of South America. The white peacock's larval hosts are water hyssop (Bacopa monnieri),[1][2] lemon bacopa (Bacopa caroliniensis),[3] tropical waterhyssop (Bacopa innominata),[4] frogfruit (Phyla nodiflora),[5] lanceleaf frogfruit (Phyla lanceolata),[6] and Carolina wild petunia (Ruellia caroliniana).[7][8][9] The males of the species display a unique territorial behavior, in which they stake out a territory typically 15 meters in diameter that contains larval host plants. They perch in this area and aggressively protect it from other insects and other male white peacocks.[10]


  1. ^ "Bacopa monnieri". Florida Native Plant Society. Florida Native Plant Society. Retrieved 2017-09-01. 
  2. ^ "Water Hyssop Rooted Starters". ButterflyWorx. 2016. Retrieved 2017-09-01. 
  3. ^ Lyn Gettys & Carl J. Della Torre III (April 2015). "Lemon bacopa: Bacopa caroliniana" (PDF). Electronic Data Information System. UF IFAS Extension. Retrieved 2017-09-01. 
  4. ^ Cary, Mary Jane (June 2015). "Planting with Purpose" (PDF). The Green Gazette. Naples, FL, US: UF IFAS Extension. Retrieved 2017-09-01. 
  5. ^ "White Peacock (Anartia jatrophae)". Floridata. LLC. 2015. Retrieved 2017-09-01. 
  6. ^ Mike Quinn. "Caterpillar Food Plants for Central Texas" (PDF). Llano Estacado and West Texas Natural History. Steven Schafersman. 
  7. ^ Mark Hutchinson (2011). "Ruellia caroliniensis – Carolina Wild Petunia" (PDF). Native Plants Owners Manual. Florida Native Plant Society. Retrieved 2017-09-01. 
  8. ^ "White Peacock". Florida Wildflowers & Butterflies. Florida Museum of Natural History. Retrieved 2017-09-01. 
  9. ^ Lotts, Kelly; Thomas Naberhaus & coordinators (2017). "White Peacock". Butterflies and Moths of North America. Metalmark Web & Data. Retrieved 2017-09-01. 
  10. ^ Lederhouse, R.C., Codella, S.G., Grossmueller, D.W.; et al. (November 1992). "Host plant-based territoriality in the white peacock butterfly, Anartia jatrophae". Journal of Insect Behavior. Kluwer Academic Publishers-Plenum Publishers. 5 (6): 721–728. ISSN 1572-8889. Retrieved 31 August 2018. 

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