Wichian Buri District

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Wichian Buri
วิเชียรบุรี
Amphoe
Amphoe location in Phetchabun Province
Amphoe location in Phetchabun Province
Coordinates: 15°39′26″N 101°6′24″E / 15.65722°N 101.10667°E / 15.65722; 101.10667Coordinates: 15°39′26″N 101°6′24″E / 15.65722°N 101.10667°E / 15.65722; 101.10667
Country Thailand
Province Phetchabun
Seat Tha Rong
Area
 • Total 1,632.0 km2 (630.1 sq mi)
Population (2015)
 • Total 132,490
 • Density 79.2/km2 (205/sq mi)
Time zone ICT (UTC+7)
Postal code 67130
Geocode 6705

Wichian Buri (Thai: วิเชียรบุรี, pronounced [wí.t͡ɕʰīa̯n bū.rīː]) is a district (amphoe) in southern part of Phetchabun Province, northern Thailand.

History[edit]

In the past the area of Wichian Buri was administered by Mueang Tha Rong. King Rama III upgraded the status of Tha Rong city by amalgamating Bua Chum and Chai Badan and changed the city name to be Wichian Buri. When King Rama V created Monthon Phetchabun, Wichian Buri became a subordinate of Phetchabun in 1898. The name of the district was changed to Tha Rong on 17 April 1939,[1] but changed back to Wichian Buri in 1944.

Geography[edit]

Neighboring districts are (from the north clockwise) Bueng Sam Phan of Phetchabun Province, Phakdi Chumphon and Thep Sathit of Chaiyaphum Province, Si Thep of Phetchabun again, and Phaisali of Nakhon Sawan Province.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Wichian Buri (1981–2010)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 37.5
(99.5)
39.2
(102.6)
41.0
(105.8)
42.1
(107.8)
41.5
(106.7)
39.0
(102.2)
38.2
(100.8)
38.0
(100.4)
39.1
(102.4)
36.5
(97.7)
37.4
(99.3)
36.4
(97.5)
42.1
(107.8)
Average high °C (°F) 32.5
(90.5)
34.8
(94.6)
36.6
(97.9)
37.2
(99)
35.3
(95.5)
34.3
(93.7)
33.5
(92.3)
32.9
(91.2)
32.5
(90.5)
32.5
(90.5)
32.2
(90)
31.4
(88.5)
33.8
(92.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) 25.3
(77.5)
27.5
(81.5)
29.5
(85.1)
30.4
(86.7)
29.4
(84.9)
29.1
(84.4)
28.6
(83.5)
28.1
(82.6)
27.9
(82.2)
27.7
(81.9)
26.3
(79.3)
24.8
(76.6)
27.9
(82.2)
Average low °C (°F) 18.1
(64.6)
20.9
(69.6)
23.2
(73.8)
24.9
(76.8)
25.1
(77.2)
24.9
(76.8)
24.6
(76.3)
24.5
(76.1)
24.4
(75.9)
23.7
(74.7)
21.0
(69.8)
17.9
(64.2)
22.8
(73)
Record low °C (°F) 9.7
(49.5)
11.8
(53.2)
11.2
(52.2)
20.0
(68)
20.0
(68)
21.6
(70.9)
20.5
(68.9)
21.7
(71.1)
21.5
(70.7)
15.2
(59.4)
9.6
(49.3)
7.2
(45)
7.2
(45)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 7.7
(0.303)
12.6
(0.496)
50.6
(1.992)
89.9
(3.539)
158.1
(6.224)
144.3
(5.681)
145.9
(5.744)
209.2
(8.236)
246.1
(9.689)
131.6
(5.181)
20.3
(0.799)
4.3
(0.169)
1,220.6
(48.055)
Average rainy days 1.0 1.3 3.8 7.4 14.4 13.8 14.9 17.6 17.9 11.1 2.6 0.7 106.5
Average relative humidity (%) 64 61 62 66 74 76 77 80 82 78 70 65 71
Mean monthly sunshine hours 260.4 245.8 238.7 204.0 158.1 117.0 120.9 58.9 108.0 179.8 219.0 260.4 2,171
Mean daily sunshine hours 8.4 8.7 7.7 6.8 5.1 3.9 3.9 1.9 3.6 5.8 7.3 8.4 6.0
Source #1: Thai Meteorological Department[2]
Source #2: Office of Water Management and Hydrology, Royal Irrigation Department (sun and humidity)[3]

Administration[edit]

Central administration[edit]

Wichian Buri is divided into 14 sub-districts (tambon), which are further subdivided into 192 administrative villages (muban).

No. Name Thai Villages Pop.[4]
01. Tha Rong ท่าโรง 18 26,106
02. Sa Pradu สระประดู่ 12 06,614
03. Sam Yaek สามแยก 10 05,399
04. Khok Prong โคกปรง 17 09,956
05. Nam Ron น้ำร้อน 12 08,559
06. Bo Rang บ่อรัง 22 15,282
07. Phu Toei พุเตย 14 12,189
08. Phu Kham พุขาม 10 08,386
09. Phu Nam Yot ภูน้ำหยด 16 07,355
10. Sap Sombun ซับสมบูรณ์ 10 05,021
11. Bueng Krachap บึงกระจับ 10 06,411
12. Wang Yai วังใหญ่ 10 05,586
13. Yang Sao ยางสาว 17 09,338
14. Sap Noi ซับน้อย 14 06,288

Local administration[edit]

There is one town (thesaban mueang) in the district:

  • Wichian Buri (Thai: เทศบาลเมืองวิเชียรบุรี) consisting of parts of sub-districts Tha Rong and Sa Pradu.

There is one sub-district municipality (thesaban tambon) in the district:

  • Phu Toei (Thai: เทศบาลตำบลพุเตย) consisting of parts of sub-district Phu Toei.

There are 14 sub-district administrative organizations (SAO) in the district:

  • Tha Rong (Thai: องค์การบริหารส่วนตำบลท่าโรง) consisting of parts of sub-district Tha Rong.
  • Sa Pradu (Thai: องค์การบริหารส่วนตำบลสระประดู่) consisting of parts of sub-district Sa Pradu.
  • Sam Yaek (Thai: องค์การบริหารส่วนตำบลสามแยก) consisting of sub-district Sam Yaek.
  • Khok Prong (Thai: องค์การบริหารส่วนตำบลโคกปรง) consisting of sub-district Khok Prong.
  • Nam Ron (Thai: องค์การบริหารส่วนตำบลน้ำร้อน) consisting of sub-district Nam Ron.
  • Bo Rang (Thai: องค์การบริหารส่วนตำบลบ่อรัง) consisting of sub-district Bo Rang.
  • Phu Toei (Thai: องค์การบริหารส่วนตำบลพุเตย) consisting of parts of sub-district Phu Toei.
  • Phu Kham (Thai: องค์การบริหารส่วนตำบลพุขาม) consisting of sub-district Phu Kham.
  • Phu Nam Yot (Thai: องค์การบริหารส่วนตำบลภูน้ำหยด) consisting of sub-district Phu Nam Yot.
  • Sap Sombun (Thai: องค์การบริหารส่วนตำบลซับสมบูรณ์) consisting of sub-district Sap Sombun.
  • Bueng Krachap (Thai: องค์การบริหารส่วนตำบลบึงกระจับ) consisting of sub-district Bueng Krachap.
  • Wang Yai (Thai: องค์การบริหารส่วนตำบลวังใหญ่) consisting of sub-district Wang Yai.
  • Yang Sao (Thai: องค์การบริหารส่วนตำบลยางสาว) consisting of sub-district Yang Sao.
  • Sap Noi (Thai: องค์การบริหารส่วนตำบลซับน้อย) consisting of sub-district Sap Noi.

Wichian Buri grilled chicken[edit]

Wichian Buri grilled chicken is a chicken dish from the Wichian Buri District. It is unique because it is made with Phetchabun regional ingredients, like a tamarind sauce and pickled garlic. The salty roasted chicken is sold at restaurants and street food stalls and often served with papaya salad and rice.[5][6]

There are two types of chicken that will be used for grilling; backyard chickens (Kai ban; ไก่บ้าน) and broilers (Kai nuea; ไก่เนื้อ). The chicken is marinated overnight in the refrigerator or over ice in a plastic bag with garlic, fish sauce, salt, pepper, coriander sauces. Then, it is cooked.[6] The grilled chicken sauce is sweet, sour, and salty. The main and secret ingredients for this sauce are sugar, tamarind, garlic, chili powder, and salt.[6]

Thai Airways International named one of its airplanes Wichian Buri for the district's grilled chicken prowess.[7]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ พระราชกฤษฎีกาเปลี่ยนนามอำเภอ กิ่งอำเภอ และตำบลบางแห่ง พุทธศักราช ๒๔๘๒ (PDF). Royal Gazette (in Thai). 56 (0 ก): 354–364. April 17, 1939. 
  2. ^ "Climatological Data for the Period 1981–2010". Thai Meteorological Department. p. 7–8. Retrieved 1 August 2016. 
  3. ^ "ปริมาณการใช้น้ำของพืชอ้างอิงโดยวิธีของ Penman Monteith (Reference Crop Evapotranspiration by Penman Monteith)" (PDF) (in Thai). Office of Water Management and Hydrology, Royal Irrigation Department. p. 35. Retrieved 1 August 2016. 
  4. ^ "Population statistics 2015" (in Thai). Department of Provincial Administration. Retrieved 2016-03-25. 
  5. ^ "ประวัติความเป็นมาของไก่ย่างวิเชียรบุรี (History of roasted chicken Wichian Buri)". www.buatong.com (in Thai). Retrieved 1 April 2017 – via translate.google.com. 
  6. ^ a b c ยุพา วาโย (Yupo Varo ) (18 May 2009). "ตำนานไก่ย่างวิเชียรบุรี (The legend of roasted chicken Wichian Buri)". kklhealth.igetweb.com (in Thai). Retrieved 1 April 2017 – via translate.google.com. 
  7. ^ "Thai Airways International (THAI) sends it first A350 XWB into the sky with the royally bestowed name Wichian Buri". The Nation. 21 September 2016. Retrieved 2 April 2017. 

External links[edit]