Indian Wild Ass Sanctuary

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Indian Wild Ass Sanctuary
Wild Ass Nature Education Camp
Indian Wild Ass in the Indian Wild Ass Sanctuary, Little Rann of Kutch
Location Village Bajana, State Highway 19, Near Dhrangadhra City, Surendra Nagar District, Gujarat, India
Nearest city Ahmedabad
Area 4954 km2
Established 1972
World Heritage Site UNESCO Tentative List
Website GujaratTourism
Map of Gujarat showing the Little Rann of Kutch and Greater Rann of Kutch

Indian Wild Ass Sanctuary also known as the Wild Ass Wildlife Sanctuary is located in the Little Rann of Kutch in the Gujarat state of India. Spread over 4954 km², it is the largest wildlife sanctuary in India.[1]

The wildlife sanctuary was established in 1972 and came under the Wildlife Protection Act of 1972. The sanctuary is one of the last places on earth where the endangered wild ass sub-species Indian Wild Ass (Khur) (Equus hemionus khur) belonging to Asiatic Wild Ass species Onager (Equus hemionus) can be spotted.


The Rann of Kutch is a sealine desert. During monsoon, the Rann (Gujarati for desert) gets flooded for a period of about one month and is dotted with about 74 elevated plateaus or islands, locally called 'bets'. These bets are covered with grass and feed the population of around 2100 animals.[2]

Species found[edit]

The sanctuary is habitat to many species of animals and birds. According to the data submitted to the UNESCO World Heritage Centre[3] the sanctuary has


The main threat faced by the sanctuary is the illegal salt panning[4] activity in the area. 25% of India's salt supply comes from panning activity in the area.[5]

Biosphere Reserve - World Heritage Site[edit]

It is nominated by the Forest department to be a biosphere reserve which are areas of terrestrial and coastal ecosystems internationally recognized within the framework of UNESCO's Man and Biosphere (MAB) programme. it will focus on conserving biological diversity, research, monitoring and providing sustainable development models, the proposal has been sent to and listed at UNESCO.[6][7][8]

Wildlife Sanctuaries and Reserves of Kutch[edit]

From the city of Bhuj various ecologically rich and wildlife conservation areas of the Kutch / Kachchh district can be visited such as Indian Wild Ass Sanctuary, Kutch Desert Wildlife Sanctuary, Narayan Sarovar Sanctuary, Kutch Bustard Sanctuary, Banni Grasslands Reserve and Chari-Dhand Wetland Conservation Reserve etc..


See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Wildlife Sanctuaries". Retrieved 2017-04-24. 
  2. ^ "Indian Wild Ass Sanctuary". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 27 February 2006. Retrieved 2006-09-13. 
  3. ^ "Wild Ass Sanctuary, Little Rann of Kutch". UNESCO World Heritage Centre. Retrieved 2006-09-13. 
  4. ^ The salt-panners of the little Rann; kuensel online; Nov 16, 2009; asiaone news; Singapore Press Holdings
  5. ^ "Rann of Kutchh Wild Ass Sanctuary, Kutchh". Retrieved 2006-09-13. 
  6. ^ Nomination entry - UNESCO World Heritage Centre
  7. ^ Kutch gets biosphere reserve status - The Greater and Little Rann of Kutch have finally got the much-awaited status of biosphere reserve.
  8. ^ Kutch’s wild ass habitat may soon get heritage label (2 Page article online); by DP Bhattacharya; Jul 26, 2007; Indian Express Newspaper

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Wild ASS Sanctuary & [3]; Official website: Forests & Environment Department; State Government of Gujarat, India