William Carruthers (botanist)

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William C Carruthers FRS (29 May 1830 – 2 June 1922) was a Scottish botanist.

Carruthers was keeper of the Botanical Department at the Natural History Museum from 1871 to 1895. He was consulting botanist to the Royal Agricultural Society (1871–1909).

Hand-written letter from Carruthers in 1883, to James Bain.

He was born in Moffat, Dumfriesshire, the son of merchant Samuel Carruthers. Educated at Moffat Academy, he graduated from Edinburgh University.[1] He married in 1865 Jeanie, daughter of William Moffat, architect, of Edinburgh.

He was elected Fellow of the Royal Society in 1871.[2] He was president of the Linnean Society from 1886 to 1890,[3] and a member of the Botanical Society of Edinburgh.


  1. ^ "Obituary Notice". Transactions of the Botanical Society of Edinburgh. 28 (1-4): 118–121. 1923. doi:10.1080/03746602309469373. 
  2. ^ "Library and Archive Catalogue". Royal Society. Retrieved 27 December 2010. 
  3. ^ "CARRUTHERS, William". Who's Who. Vol. 59. 1907. p. 300. 
  4. ^ IPNI.  Carruth. 

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