William John Peterswald

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William John Peterswald
William John von Peterswald, Commissioner of Police for South Australia, 1882-1896.jpg
Born William John von Peterswald
(1829-11-28)November 28, 1829
Jamaica, West Indies
Died August 28, 1896(1896-08-28) (aged 66)
Resting place
North Road Cemetery
Education Edinburgh Academy, Elizabeth College, Guernsey
Occupation Chief Commissioner of Police
Years active 1882-1896
Employer South Australia Police
Organization Colony of South Australia
Title Commissioner of Police
Partner(s) Emily Mary de St Croix

William John Peterswald, Esq., of St. Heliers, Adelaide, South Australia Chief Commissioner of Police of the Colony of South Australia, born at Jamaica, West Indies and educated at the Edinburgh Academy, Scotland and Elizabeth College, Guernsey.

Biography[edit]

William John Von Peterswald commanded the 1st Rifle Company attached to the Channel Islands Militia and arrived in South Australia on the 'Charlotte Jane' in May 1853 [1] and commenced farming at Munno Para with limited success.

In 1862 he joined the South Australia Police as Inspector of Metropolitan Police and resigned in 1866 to become Warden of the Goldfields. He rejoined the police in 1874 and rose to the rank of Superintendent.

He was appointed Acting Commissioner of Police in 1881 and then Commissioner of Police in 1882 succeeding George Hamilton, in which position he served until his death in August 1896.[2][3][4]

Legacy[edit]

For 15 years Peterswald steadily guided the police through ever-increasing responsibilities despite often having a constrained budget. Mounted police were stationed at the frontier of settlement as it expanded throughout Central Australia and the Northern Territory, so much so that in 1884 Peterswald established a branch of native police there.

The difficult conditions necessitated more modern equipment. In the early 1880s Peterswald was responsible for initiating the re-arming of the Police Force. In early 1881 the Police were issued with 200 of the new Martini-Henry rifles in .455/.577 calibre and long-pattern bayonets, as used by the Volunteer Militia Forces. Peterswald also recommended that the Mounted Police be issued with the large New Model No. 3 Smith & Wesson revolver in .44 calibre.

Public economic distress and unemployment during the 1880s and early 1890s presented the police with their first experiences of serious industrial unrest, all of which Peterswald handled with firm impartiality. To improve police esprit de corps he introduced revised uniform patterns and in 1884 encouraged the formation of a police band.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Parson, Ronald. "South Australian Migrant Shipping (1836-1860)". 
  2. ^ "The Late Commissioner Petersward". South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 31 August 1896. p. 4. Retrieved 13 November 2013. 
  3. ^ "The Late Commissioner of Police". South Australian Register (Adelaide, SA : 1839 - 1900) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 3 September 1896. p. 6. Retrieved 13 November 2013. 
  4. ^ "The Late Commissioner of Police". The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1889 - 1931) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 3 September 1896. p. 5. Retrieved 13 November 2013. 
  5. ^ Clyne, Robert | Colonial Blue : A History of the South Australian Police Force, 1836-1916. (Wakefield Press, 1987), p. 206.