William Morris Meredith Jr.
William Morris Meredith Jr.|
January 9, 1919
New York City, New York, USA
May 30, 2007 (aged 88)|
New London, Connecticut, USA
|Occupation||Author, poet, professor|
National Book Award
|Partner||Richard Harteis (1970s–2007)|
William Morris Meredith Jr. (January 9, 1919 – May 30, 2007) was an American poet and educator. He was Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress from 1978 to 1980.
Meredith was born in New York City to William Morris Meredith Sr. and Nelley Keyser. He attended Lenox School in Massachusetts, graduating in 1936. He began writing while a college student at Princeton University. He graduated magna cum laude from Princeton in 1940, having written a senior thesis on Robert Frost. His first volume of poetry, Love Letter from an Impossible Land, appeared in 1944. It was selected by Archibald MacLeish for publication as part of Yale Series of Younger Poets Competition.
He worked briefly for the New York Times as a copy boy and later as a reporter, before joining the United States Army Air Force in 1941. The following year, he transferred to the United States Navy as a carrier pilot. He served in the Aleutian Islands and Pacific Theater and reached the rank of lieutenant. He continued his service in the United States Navy Reserve until 1952, when he re-enlisted to serve in the Korean War. He ultimately achieved the rank of lieutenant commander and was awarded two Air Medals.
In 1988, Meredith was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for Poetry and a Los Angeles Times Book Award for Partial Accounts: New and Selected Poems and in 1997 he won the National Book Award for Poetry for Effort at Speech. Meredith was also awarded a Guggenheim Foundation fellowship, the Harriet Monroe Memorial Prize, the Carl Sandburg Award, and the International Vaptsarov Prize in Poetry.
From 1964 to 1987, Meredith served as Chancellor of the Academy of American Poets.
From 1978 to 1980, Meredith was Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress, the position which in 1985 became the Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress. He has the distinction of being the first gay poet to receive this honor.
From 1946 to 1950, Meredith had several teaching appointments at Princeton University: Instructor in English, Woodrow Wilson Fellow in Writing, and Resident Fellow in Creative Writing. This was followed by an appointment as associate professor at the University of Hawaii (1950–51). After the Korean War he was hired as an associate professor of English at Connecticut College, where he taught until 1983. He was promoted to professor in 1965. He settled on a farm in Uncasville, where he continued to write poetry and developed his talents as an arborist, planting and nurturing rare trees on the banks of the Thames. During this period, he also taught for several years in the summer graduate program at Bread Loaf School of English, Middlebury College. He was also an Instructor at the Bread Loaf Writer's Conference from 1964 to 1971. In 1983, he suffered a stroke and was immobilized for two years. The stroke caused expressive aphasia, which affected his ability to produce language. Meredith ended his teaching career and could not write poetry during this period. He regained many of his language skills after intensive therapy and traveling to Britain for treatment.
A long-time admirer of the Irish poet W. B. Yeats, Meredith fulfilled a long-time ambition of visiting Yeats's spiritual homeplace of Sligo, Ireland, in the summer of 2006. While there he also attended the Yeats International Summer School, which attracts many academics and admirers of Yeats to Sligo every summer.
Meredith died in New London, Connecticut, near his home in Montville, where he lived with his partner of 36 years, the poet and fiction writer Richard Harteis. A film about his life, Marathon, premiered on November 19, 2008 in Mystic, Connecticut.
- Love Letter from an Impossible Land (Yale University Press, 1944)
- Ships and Other Figures (Princeton University Press, 1948)
- The Open Sea and Other Poems (Alfred A. Knopf, 1957)
- The Wreck of the Thresher and Other Poems (Knopf, 1964) —finalist for the National Book Award
- Winter Verse (privately printed, 1964)
- Earth Walk: New and Selected Poems (Knopf, 1970)
- Hazard the Painter (Knopf, 1975) ISBN 978-0-394-49634-4
- The Cheer (Knopf, 1980)
- Partial Accounts: New and Selected Poems (Knopf, 1987) ISBN 978-0-394-75191-7 —winner of the Pulitzer Prize
- Effort at Speech: New and Selected Poems. Northwestern University Press. 1997. ISBN 978-0-8101-5070-6. —winner of the National Book Award
- Reasons for Poetry, and The Reason for Criticism (1982)
- Poems Are Hard to Read, University of Michigan Press, 1991, ISBN 978-0-472-09427-1
Translation and Anthology
- Guillaume Apollinaire, Alcools: Poems, 1898-1913, Translator (Doubleday, 1964)
- Poets of Bulgaria, Editor (Unicorn Press, 1985) ISBN 978-0-87775-190-8
- 1988 Pulitzer Prize for Poetry – Partial Accounts
- 1997 National Book Award for Poetry – Effort at Speech
- 1975 Guggenheim Fellowship
- "Poet Laureate Timeline: 1971–1980". Library of Congress. 2008. Retrieved December 19, 2008.
- "Foundation Biography". William Meredith Foundation. Retrieved 4 July 2015.
- "Poetry". Past winners & finalists by category. The Pulitzer Prizes. Retrieved April 8, 2012.
"National Book Awards – 1997". National Book Foundation. Retrieved April 8, 2012.
(With 1997 award citation, essay by Scott Challener from the Awards 60-year anniversary blog, and "William Meredith, In Memoriam".)
- "Pulitzer Prize-winning Connecticut poet dies". Newsday. May 31, 2007. Retrieved June 3, 2007.[dead link]
- Elaine Stoll (May 31, 2007). "William M. Meredith, Noted Poet, Dies At 88". TheDay. Retrieved June 3, 2007.
- Fox, Margalit (June 1, 2007). "William Meredith, 88, Poet Who Wed Depth to Form, Dies". The New York Times. Retrieved March 29, 2008.
- "Movie honors life of award-winning poet," Norwich Bulletin, November 15, 2008
- "National Book Awards – 1965". National Book Foundation. Retrieved April 8, 2012.
- William Meredith. "Reasons for poetry". Archived from the original on February 12, 2007. Retrieved June 3, 2007.
- William Meredith Foundation
- marathon the movie
- William Meredith profile and selected works at Academy of American Poets
- William Meredith page, Connecticut College Library, Department of Special Collections
- William Meredith Papers at Washington University in St. Louis
- Edward Hirsch (Spring 1985). "William Meredith, The Art of Poetry No. 34". The Paris Review.
- William Meredith at Library of Congress Authorities — with 71 catalog records
- Poetry Foundation biography page