William Plunket, 4th Baron Plunket

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search


The Lord Plunket
Archbishop of Dublin
and Bishop of Glendalough
Primate of Ireland
William Conyngham 4th Baron Plunket.jpg
ChurchChurch of Ireland
DioceseDublin and Glendalough
Elected18 December 1884
In office1884-1897
PredecessorRichard Chenevix Trench
SuccessorJoseph Peacocke
Orders
Consecration10 December 1876
by Marcus Beresford
Personal details
Born(1828-08-26)26 August 1828
Died1 April 1897(1897-04-01) (aged 68)
Dublin, Ireland
BuriedMount Jerome Cemetery
NationalityIrish
DenominationAnglican
SpouseAnne Lee Guinness
Previous post(s)Bishop of Meath (1876-1884)
EducationCheltenham College
Alma materTrinity College, Dublin

William Conyngham Plunket, 4th Baron Plunket (26 August 1828 – 1 April 1897) was Dean of Christ Church Cathedral and Archbishop of Dublin in the Church of Ireland.[1]

Life[edit]

Born in Dublin, he was the eldest son of John Plunket, 3rd Baron Plunket and Charlotte Bushe. Plunket was educated at Cheltenham College and Trinity College, Dublin (B.A. 1853; M.A. 1864) before being appointed chaplain and private secretary to his uncle, the Bishop of Tuam, in 1857, a post he held for seven years. The following year, he became Rector of Kilmoyan and Cummer in County Galway. In 1864, he returned to Dublin as Treasurer of St Patrick's Cathedral, of which he was appointed Precentor in 1869.

In 1876, Lord Plunket (as he became on succeeding his father in 1871) was consecrated Bishop of Meath, and in 1884 he was finally appointed Archbishop of Dublin, an office he held until his death. In 1871 he inherited Old Connaught and decided to move into the house and surrounding property as he had spent a lot of time there with his grandfather. He was Dean of Christ Church Cathedral from 1884 until 1887 (when he was succeeded by his brother-in-law's nephew William Greene). Plunket received an honorary degree from Cambridge University in 1888.[2] He also served as a Commissioner of Education from 1895 onwards, and was a senator of the Royal University of Ireland.

He was instrumental in developing the Kildare Place Schools (the Church of Ireland teacher training college),[3] and he was an advocate and supporter of the reformed faith in Spain, Portugal and Italy.

Family[edit]

Monument to William Conyngham Fourth Baron Plunket in Kildare Street, Dublin near Leinster House

In 1863 he married Anne Lee Guinness, daughter of Sir Benjamin Lee Guinness. Their son William was to have a successful career in government administration. Another son, Benjamin, served as Bishop of Meath and was the father of Olive, Countess Fitzwilliam. His sister married John Darley, bishop of Kilmore, Elphin, and Ardagh.[4] His wife having predeceased him in 1889, Lord Plunket died aged 68 in Dublin, and he was buried in Mount Jerome Cemetery. His statue near Leinster House in Kildare Street, Dublin is a landmark.[5]

Coat of arms of William Plunket, 4th Baron Plunket
Coronet of a British Baron.svg
Plunket Escutcheon.png
Crest
A horse passant Argent charged on the shoulder with a portcullis.
Escutcheon
Sable a bend a castle in chief and a portcullis in base Argent.
Supporters
Dexter an antelope Proper sinister a horse Argent both charged on the shoulder with a portcullis Sable.
Motto
Festina Lente [6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Langtry, Joe and Nikki Carter, eds. Mount Jerome: A Victorian Cemetery. Staybro Printing Ltd., Dublin 1997. p. 25
  2. ^ "Plunket, William Conyngham, Baron (PLNT888WC)". A Cambridge Alumni Database. University of Cambridge.
  3. ^ William C. Plunkett (1828-1897) Fourth Lord Plunkett and Archbishop of Dublin Mount Jerome Cemetery Website.
  4. ^ B. H. Blacker, 'Darley, John Richard (1799–1884)', rev. M. C. Curthoys, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press, 2004.
  5. ^ Falkiner, Cæsar Litton (1901). "Plunket, William Conyngham (1828-1897)" . Dictionary of National Biography (1st supplement). London: Smith, Elder & Co.
  6. ^ Burke's Peerage. 1850.
Church of Ireland titles
Preceded by Bishop of Meath
1876–1884
Succeeded by
Preceded by Archbishop of Dublin
1884–1897
Succeeded by
Peerage of the United Kingdom
Preceded by Baron Plunket
1871–1897
Succeeded by