William Power (Scottish politician)
|Leader of the Scottish National Party|
1940 – 30 May 1942
|Preceded by||Andrew Dewar Gibb|
|Succeeded by||Douglas Young|
30 August 1873|
|Died||13 June 1951
Alloa, Clackmannanshire, Scotland
|Political party||Scottish National Party|
|Spouse(s)||Giulia Dick (m 1871-1922);
Williamina Mills (m. 1924-1946)
|Profession||Bank clerk; Journalist|
William Power (30 August 1873–13 June 1951) was a Scottish author, journalist, and politician. He was the leader of the Scottish National Party (SNP) from 1940 to 1942, and served as president of Scottish Convention (1942-1951).
William Power was born in Glasgow, the eldest of the five children of William Power snr, a commission agent and ship master. He attended Woodside School in Glasgow, but had to leave at the age of fourteen as a result of his father's death at Gibraltar from fever, and found work as a bank clerk at the Royal Bank of Scotland. He continued to read and educate himself, and frequently contributed essays and articles to newspapers.
In 1907, after working as a bank clerk for twenty years, Power joined the Glasgow Herald as a full-time member of its editorial staff and remained there as essay and leader writer for nearly twenty years. A considerable essayist and critic, Power was a supporter of the Scottish Renaissance literary movement in the 1920s. In 1926 he left the Glasgow Herald to become editor of the Scots Observer, a new weekly newspaper which was supported by the Scottish churches. However, the paper was not a commercial success, and he resigned as editor in 1929 to work for Associated Newspapers. Power was a founding member of the Scottish centre of PEN International, and served as president of Scottish PEN from 1935 to 1938. He was also president of the Glasgow Esperanto Society, and the Scottish Ramblers' Federation.
In 1940, at the age of 66, Power succeeded Andrew Dewar Gibb as the leader of the Scottish National Party (SNP) following a shock by-election result in Argyllshire. Power had came from nowhere to poll 37% (7,308 votes), coming second behind the Conservative Party. At the SNP Annual Conference in May 1942, Power was re-nominated by John MacCormick for the post of leader of the SNP, but he was narrowly defeated (33 votes to 29) by Douglas Young. This led MacCormick to convene a meeting of his supporters, which established Scottish Convention.
Power died in Clackmannan County Hospital, Alloa, in June 1951, aged 77. He was married in 1906 to Giulia Dick (1871-1922), and in 1924 to his second wife, Williamina Mills (1877-1946). There were no children of either marriage.
- The World Unvisited, 1922
- Robert Burns and other Essays and Sketches, 1926
- My Scotland, 1934
- Scotland and the Scots, 1934
- Literature and Oatmeal, 1935
- Should Auld Acquaintance … : an Autobiography, 1937
- The Culture of the Scots: its Past and Future, 1943
-  Margery Palmer McCulloch, ‘Power, William (1873–1951)’, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Oxford University Press
- Obituary, The Glasgow Herald, June 14th 1951, p.3
- Jack Brown, The National Movement in Scotland, pp.240-242
- Keith Webb, The growth of nationalism in Scotland, p.147
|Party political offices|
Andrew Dewar Gibb
|Chairman (Leader) of the Scottish National Party