William Reynolds (theologian)
Educated at Winchester School, he became fellow of New College, Oxford (1560–1572). He was converted to Catholicism partly by the controversy between John Jewel and Thomas Harding, and partly by the personal influence of William Allen.
In 1575 he made a public recantation in Rome, and two years later went to Douai to study for the priesthood. He removed with the other collegians from Douai to Reims in 1578 and was ordained priest at Châlons in April, 1580. He then remained at the college, lecturing on Scripture and Hebrew, and helping Gregory Martin in translating the Reims Testament.
He translated several of the writings of Allen and Harding into Latin and wrote a "Refutation" of William Whitaker's attack on the Reims version (Paris, 1583); "De justa reipublicæ christianæ in reges impios et hæreticos authoritate" (Paris, 1590), under the name of Rossæus; a treatise on the Blessed Sacrament (Antwerp, 1593); "Calvino-Turcismus" (Antwerp, 1597).
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "William Reynolds". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton. The entry cites:
- Kirby, Annals of Winchester College (London, 1892);
- Foster, Alumni Oxonienses (Oxford. 1891);
- Douay Diaries (London, 1878);
- Anthony à Wood, Athenae Oxonienses (London, 1813);
- John Pitts, De illustribus Angliae scriptoribus (Paris, 1619);
- Charles Dodd, Church History, II (Brussels vere Wolverhampton, 1737–42);
- Joseph Gillow, in Biographical Dictionary of English Catholics, s. v.;
- Rigg, James McMullen (1885–1900). "Rainolds, William". Dictionary of National Biography. London: Smith, Elder & Co.