William Scholefield (August 1809 – 9 July 1867) was a British businessman and Liberal politician. He was a leading figure in the politics of the rapidly growing industrial town of Birmingham in the mid-nineteenth century.
Early life and family
William was born in Birmingham, and was the second son of Joshua Scholefield and his wife Mary née Cotterill. His father was an iron manufacturer, merchant and banker who became one of the town's first members of parliament in 1832. Following a number of years in Canada and the United States, where he had married Jane Matilda Miller of New York, Scholefield returned to Birmingham in 1837 to work in his father's business.
First Mayor of Birmingham
In 1837 a campaign was launched to secure a charter of incorporation under the Municipal Corporations Act 1835 to create Birmingham a municipal borough with an elected town council. The government of the town was in hands of a manorial court leet, presided over by a high bailiff. Scholefield became high bailiff in 1837 and was highly supportive of the campaign to incorporate Birmingham. In October 1838 the newly granted charter arrived in Birmingham, and Scholefield was given the task of reciting the text of the charter to the townspeople. He duly acted as returning officer for the inaugural borough elections in December 1838, and at the meeting of the new town council was unanimiously chosen as first mayor of Birmingham. His term of office was a difficult one, as Chartist riots in the Bull Ring led to doubts about the future of the new municipality, with the town's policing taken over by a force controlled by the Home Office. At the end of his term, he was elected as an alderman, remaining a member of the town council until he entered parliament.
In July 1844 William Scholefield's father died, causing a vacancy in the parliamentary representation of the borough. William contested the resulting by-election, but was defeated by the Conservative candidate Richard Spooner. Three years later a general election was called, and Scholefield was returned along with the sitting Radical MP, George Frederick Muntz. He retained the seat until his death, alongside Muntz (who died in 1857) and then John Bright.
In parliament Scholefield championed the expansion of popular democracy, free trade, and freedom of religion. He was one of only 12 MPs who voted in favour of the People's Charter. On occasion he found himself outside the mainstream of Liberal politics, in particular opposing the Ecclesiastical Titles Bill, and by supporting the Union States during the American Civil War.
- Samuel Timmins, rev. Matthew Lee (2004). "Scholefield, William (1809–1867)". Oxford Dictionary of National Biography. Oxford University Press. Retrieved 26 January 2010.
- "The Late Mr William Scholefield Esq., M.P.". Birmingham Daily Post. 10 July 1867.
- "A Birmingham Jubilee". Birmingham Daily Post. 1 March 1887.
- W B Stephens (editor) (1964). "Political and Administrative History: Political History from 1832". A History of the County of Warwick: Volume 7: The City of Birmingham. British History Online. Retrieved 25 January 2010.
- "Birmingham Corporation". The Era. 30 December 1838.
- "The Late Mr Scholefield". Birmingham Daily Post. 11 July 1867.
- Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by William Scholefield
|Parliament of the United Kingdom|
Richard Spooner and
George Frederick Muntz
|Member of Parliament for Birmingham
With: George Frederick Muntz
John Bright from 1857
John Bright and