William of Ypres

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William of Ypres (c. 1090 – 24 January 1164/1165[1]), styled count of Flanders,[2][3] was King Stephen of England's chief lieutenant during the English civil wars of 1139–54 (known as the Anarchy). He commanded a contingent of Flemish soldiers. He claimed the county of Flanders upon the death of Charles the Good on 2 March 1127/28.[2]

Though no proof exists of his creation as Earl of Kent by King Stephen, chroniclers describe him as "possessing the county" and "having Kent in his custody".[2] He exercised the same powers over this county as other earls over theirs; though he never adopted the comital (of a count or earl[4]) style.[2]

He founded the Cistercian house of Boxley circa 1146.[2]

Family[edit]

He was an illegitimate son of Philip of Loo, son of Robert I, Count of Flanders and Gertrude of Saxony.[2] He was a claimant in 1119 to the title of Count of Flanders but lost the claim to Charles the Good; and again in 1127, when he lost to William Clito.[2] The chronicle of Galbert of Bruges attributes his failure to his illegitimate birth.[2] He sought the title again the following year (1128) after William Clito's death, but lost to Thierry of Alsace, who banished him from Flanders in 1133.[2]

Further reading[edit]

  • James Bruce Ross (translator), The Murder of Charles the Good, 2nd edition 2005

Footnotes[edit]

  1. ^ 24 January 1164 Old Style, 1165 New Style
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i William of Ypres Oxford Dictionary of National Biography
  3. ^ Person Page 476: William of Ypres Cites: "Revised by others later George Edward Cokayne The Complete Peerage of England, Scotland, Ireland, Great Britain, and the United Kingdom, Extant, Extinct, or Dormant, I-XIII (in 6) (Thrupp, Stroud, Gloucestershire, GL5 2BU: Sutton Publishing Limited, 2000), VII:130."
  4. ^ "Definition of comital".