|Location||233 N Grand Canyon Blvd, Williams, AZ 86046|
|Line(s)||Grand Canyon Railway|
The first railroad in Williams was the western division of the transcontinental railroad built by the Atlantic and Pacific Railroad in 1882. By 1885 the first station was built in the town. Two years later, the Santa Fe and Grand Canyon Railroad was built to transport supplies and workers between Williams and the copper mines near Anita. In 1901, the SF&GC was sold under foreclosure to the Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway, who completed the remaining fifteen miles to the South Rim of the Grand Canyon. The company was renamed the Grand Canyon Railway and the Santa Fe's first passenger train from Williams to the Canyon ran on September 17, 1901.
With the former Atlantic and Pacific Railroad now forming part of the Santa Fe's Southern Transcontinental main line between Chicago and the West Coast, Williams became a hub for tourists wishing to visit the Grand Canyon. With a hotel and permanent terminus already built at the northern end of the Grand Canyon Railway, a brand new Williams depot was built by the Santa Fe in 1908. Incorporated into the building was one of the first Harvey House hotels, named the Fray Marcos after Spanish missionary Marcos de Niza, who explored the Southwest in the early 16th century. The original Atlantic and Pacific station building on the opposite side of the tracks was retained and remains in existence to this day, serving as the Williams Chamber of Commerce since 1994.
In 1960, the Santa Fe built the ‘Crookton Cutoff’: a re-routing of a 44-mile stretch of the Southern Transcon to avoid the sharp curves and steep gradients of the line between Williams and Ash Fork. With the new tracks bypassing the town of Williams completely, a new station at Williams Junction replaced Williams Depot as the connection point between main line services and trains to the Grand Canyon. Williams Depot was now served solely by the rerouted Hassayampa Flyer service between Williams Junction and Phoenix via Ash Fork and the Peavine route. Both Williams stations closed in 1969 following the Santa Fe's discontinuation of passenger services to the Grand Canyon and Phoenix via the Peavine the previous year. The connecting line through downtown Williams from Williams Junction was retained for freight traffic but there was limited scope for a similar retention of the Grand Canyon Railway. In the summer of 1974, a Santa Fe works train traversed the rails, removing track equipment and demolishing many lineside structures. It was the last train to run on the line for fifteen years. The station building at Williams Depot fell into disuse.
Plans by entertainer Arthur Godfrey to resume service on the Grand Canyon Railway in 1977 fell through. In addition, two other companies attempted to resurrect the line in 1980 and 1984, with each attempt helping to maintain interest in preserving the line and saving it from scrapping without actually bringing trains back to the route. In 1988, the line was bought by Max and Thelma Biegert, a couple from Phoenix. The railway was restored, along with the stations at Williams and the Grand Canyon South Rim, and reopened as a separate company, independent of the Santa Fe. The first journey of the restored railroad was on September 17, 1989, exactly 88 years after the first train to the Canyon was run.
Williams Depot is now the southern terminus for the Grand Canyon Railway, containing a gift shop, coffee stand, rest room facilities, ticket counter and restaurant. Although the Fray Marcos hotel closed in 1954, the original building remains and is the oldest poured-concrete structure in the state of Arizona. It is listed on the register of Arizona State Historic Properties. The Grand Canyon Railway is listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
- Kaibab National Forest (N.F.) And Grand Canyon National Park, Grand Canyon Railway, Inc. Passenger Rail Service, Grand Canyon Airport to Maswik Transportation Area, Grand Canyon Village: Environmental Impact Statement. United States Forest Service. 1993. p. 48.
- Harvey, Jim (July 4, 2001). "Striking It Rich – a commonly held Williams dream in 1885". Grand Canyon News. Retrieved November 26, 2017.
- "The Anita Copper Mine". Retrieved November 26, 2017.
- Robertson, Donald B. (1986). Encyclopedia of Western Railroad History: The Desert States: Arizona, Nevada, New Mexico, Utah. Caldwell, Idaho: The Caxton Printers. p. 88. ISBN 0-87004-305-6.
- Walker, Mike (1995). Steam Powered Video's Comprehensive Railroad Atlas of North America - Arizona & New Mexico. Kent, United Kingdom: Steam Powered Publishing. p. 9. ISBN 1-874745-04-8.
- "How railroad depots helped shape the Arizona Territory". Retrieved November 26, 2017.
- "Grand Canyon Railway Hotel – hotel history". Retrieved November 26, 2017.
- Trimble, Marshall (2008). Ash Fork. Arcadia Publishing. p. 8. ISBN 978-0-7385-4832-6.
- Gerber, Rudy J (1995). The Railroad and the Canyon. Pelican Publishing Company. p. 99. ISBN 978-1-4556-1086-0.
- "Condensed Schedules of Passenger Service, effective July 15th, 1968" (PDF). Atchison, Topeka and Santa Fe Railway. 1968.
- Glischinski, Steve (1997). Santa Fe Railway. Voyageur Press. p. 53. ISBN 978-0-7603-0380-1.
- Gerber. p. 100.
- "Grand Canyon Railway – history of the train". Retrieved November 26, 2017.
- "Grand Canyon Railway Press Kit". Retrieved November 26, 2017.
- "Arizona State Historic Property Inventory – Fray Marcos Hotel". 1983.
- "National Register of Historic Properties". Retrieved December 2, 2017.
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