The Wilmington, Chadbourn and Conway Railroad was a Southeastern railroad that operated in South Carolina and North Carolina near the end of the 19th century.
The Chadbourn Lumber Company of Chadbourn, North Carolina, built the line to haul timber.
The line crossed the North Carolina line at Tabor City, North Carolina. and threaded south through Loris, South Carolina, into Conway, South Carolina to its terminus at the Waccamaw River.
The line was sold at foreclosure in 1895 and renamed the Wilmington and Conway Railroad. The following year, the Wilmington and Conway was sold to the Wilmington, Columbia and Augusta Railroad.