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Wilson Vance

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Wilson Vance
Born(1845-12-20)December 20, 1845
Findlay, Ohio, U.S.
DiedNovember 10, 1911(1911-11-10) (aged 65)
Chattanooga, Tennessee, U.S.
Place of burial
AllegianceUnited States United States of America
Service/branch United States Army
Union Army
Unit21st Ohio Infantry
Battles/warsBattle of Stones River
Awards Medal of Honor

Wilson J. Vance (December 20, 1845, Findlay, Ohio[1][2] – November 10, 1911, Chattanooga, Tennessee) was an American soldier who fought for the Union Army during the American Civil War, an author,[3] a journalist and an editor.[1] He received the Medal of Honor for valor.

Civil War service[edit]

Grave at Arlington National Cemetery

Vance served in the American Civil War in the 21st Ohio Infantry as a private, enlisting in 1861.[1] He received the Medal of Honor on September 17, 1897, for his actions on January 3, 1863, at the Battle of Stones River.[2] He was commissioned as a second lieutenant, becoming the youngest commissioned officer in the Army of the Cumberland.[1] He commanded a company at the Battle of Chickamauga while not yet 18 and remained in the army to the end of the war.[1]

Medal of Honor citation[edit]

Rank and organization: Private, Company B, 21st Ohio Infantry. Place and date: At Murfreesboro, TN., 31 December 1862. Entered service at:------. Birth: Ohio. Date of Issue: 17 September 1897.


Voluntarily and under a heavy fire, while his command was falling back, rescued a wounded and helpless comrade from death or capture.[2]


He attended Harvard Law School and practiced for a year or two, but switched to journalism.[1] He became the managing editor of the Ohio State Journal in 1870, the Indianapolis Journal in 1873, and The New York Advertiser for two years after moving to New York in 1892.[1] He also served as Washington correspondent for various publications.[1][4] In 1904, he became the editor of The Square Deal.[1]

He is the father of author Louis Joseph Vance.[1][4]

He died of heart disease in Chattanooga, Tennessee, while attending a reunion of the Army of the Cumberland.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Obituary. Wilson Vance". New-York Tribune. November 12, 1911.
  2. ^ a b c "Wilson J Vance". Congressional Medal of Honor Society.
  3. ^ "Online Books by Wilson J Vance". onlinebooks.library.upenn.edu.
  4. ^ a b "Louis Joseph Vance, Prominent Author, Resided for Time With His Aunt Miss Margaret Johnson and Half-Sisters". Piqua Daily Call. December 18, 1933.

External links[edit]