House of the People (Afghanistan)
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politics and government of
The House of the People or Wolesi Jirga (Persian: مجلس نمایندگان افغانستان, Pashto: د افغانستان ولسي جرگه) abbreviated WJ, is the lower house of the bicameral National Assembly of Afghanistan, alongside the upper House of Elders.
The House of the People is the chamber that bears the greater burden of lawmaking in the country, as with the House of Commons in the Westminster model. It consists of 249 delegates directly elected by single non-transferable vote (SNTV). Members are elected by district and serve for five years. The constitution guarantees at least 68 delegates to be female. Kuchi nomads elect 10 representatives through a Single National Constituency.
The House of the People has the primary responsibility for making and ratifying laws and approving the actions of the president. The first elections in decades were held only in September 2005, four years after the fall of the Taliban regime, still under international (mainly UN and NATO) supervision.
Elections were last held on September 18, 2010. Originally, they were planned to be held in May 2010, but after the disputed previous presidential election, elections were postponed. There were more than 2,500 candidates.
Members of Parliament (2005)
Some members of the Wolesi Jirga's 2005 election were:
- National Assembly of Afghanistan
- House of Elders
- Politics of Afghanistan
- List of legislatures by country
- "Fact Sheet: Single Non-Transferable Vote (SNTV) System" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2005-10-27.
- "Afghans brave Taliban to vote in parliamentary election". BBC News Online. 18 September 2010. Retrieved 30 September 2010.
- March 25, 2010: IEC Press Release on 2010 Wolesi Jirga Election Timeline Archived April 7, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Afghanistan parliamentary election postponed "
- 2010 Wolesi Jirga Candidate List Archived 2010-09-14 at the Wayback Machine.
- Thomas H. Johnson (February 2006). "The Prospects for Post-Conflict Afghanistan: A Call of the Sirens to the Country's Troubled Past". V (2). Strategic Insights. Archived from the original on 2009-03-01. Retrieved 2009-06-29.
- "Mohammad Younis Qanooni speaker of WJ meets Saudi Arabia's ambassador in Kabul". Government of Afghanistan. 2008-11-09. Retrieved 2009-05-25.
Also in the other part of session Mirwis Yasini first deputy of WJ presented the reports of the yesterday meeting with the country’s president about negotiation with Afghan Taliban and residence areas bombards, the non Consonance of foreign forces attacks with government organs and the lack of perspicuous systems justice and criminals penalty.[dead link]
- Nancy A. Youssef (2009-07-07). "Where's Pentagon 'terrorism suspect'? Talking to Karzai". McClatchy News Service. Archived from the original on 2009-07-09. Retrieved 2009-07-08.
- "Profile: Kandahar Profile". Navy Postgraduate School. January 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-01-31.
- Kevin Sack, Craig Pyes (2006-09-26). "Cloak of secrecy hides abuse in Afghanistan". Seattle Times. Archived from the original on 2007-03-07. Retrieved 2007-10-22.
- "Armed Conflict Database: Afghanistan Timeline". International Institute for Strategic Studies. 2007-10-15. Retrieved 2007-10-22.[permanent dead link]
- "'The Bravest Woman in Afghanistan': Malalai Joya Speaks Out Against the Warlord-Controlled Afghan Government & U.S. Military Presence". Democracy Now!. 2007-06-19. Retrieved 2008-12-08.
- Afghanistan 2004 election results
- "Province: Ghazni". Navy Postgraduate School. 2007. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-01-29.
- "Profile: Herat Profile" (PDF). Navy Postgraduate School. 2009. 
Kim Barker (2005-11-06). "A conservative Afghan city elects a woman". Chicago Tribune. Retrieved 2010-06-13.
Her life started out much like those of other Herat women. At age 13, while she still played with dolls, she was forced to marry a man who was 15 years older. She was his second wife. But after moving to Iran during Afghanistan's wars, Gailani fell in love with sports. She started exercising and worked at a gym for women. When her family moved back to Herat after the Taliban fell, she brought two carloads of equipment to start gyms for women in Herat.
- Jason Staziuso (2009-03-03). "Afghan tech boom: Mullah embraces iPhone". Associated Press. Archived from the original on 2009-03-06. Retrieved 2009-03-04.
- Clancy Chassay (2008-11-22). "Acid attacks and rape: growing threat to women who oppose traditional order: Female MPs speak out as conditions worsen and Islamists gain respectability". The Guardian. Retrieved 2009-07-08.
- "The Media Report". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 2006-06-22. Retrieved 2009-07-08.
- Alisa Tang (2007-07-10). "Afghan girls traded for debts, blood feuds". USA Today. Retrieved 2008-08-04.
- Golnaz Esfandiari (2005-08-12). "Threats, Intimidation Reported Against Female Candidates". Global Security. Retrieved 2008-08-04.
Abdul Baseer Saeed (2005-10-29). "Winning Afghan candidates become warlords' targets". RAWA. Retrieved 2008-08-04.
Malalai Shinwari, who came in first among Kabul's female candidates, said threats and intimidation have increased since her apparent victory. She blames the armed commanders who also appear to have won seats in the parliament with instigating the violence in their own political interests.
- "Profile: Kabul Profile". Navy Postgraduate School. 2009. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2010-06-15. Retrieved 2010-06-15.
- "Profile: Khost Profile". Navy Postgraduate School. January 2009. Archived from the original on 2010-06-14.
- "Profile: Kunar Profile" (PDF). Navy Postgraduate School. 2009. Retrieved 2010-06-14. mirror
- "Program for Culture and Conflict Studies: Laghman Province" (PDF). Naval Postgraduate School. Retrieved 2008-05-30.
- "Profile: Zabul Profile". Navy Postgraduate School. 2009. Archived from the original on 2010-06-14. Retrieved 2010-06-15.
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