Women's Global Network for Reproductive Rights

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Women's Global Network for Reproductive Rights (WGNRR)
Logo for Women's Global Network for Reproductive Rights.png
Founded 1984
Type Non-Governmental Organization
Focus Sexual and reproductive health and rights
Location
  • Manila, Philippines
Website www.wgnrr.org

Women's Global Network for Reproductive Rights (WGNRR) is an international non-governmental organization (NGO) that advocates for sexual and reproductive health and rights worldwide. Based in the Global South, they are a membership-driven organization that "works within the rights, justice and feminist frameworks."[1] WGNRR works towards the realization of the full sexual and reproductive health and rights.[2] WGNRR has consultative status with ECOSOC.[3]

History[edit]

WGNRR was founded at the fourth International Women and Health Meeting in 1984.[4] The conference was themed "No to Population Control... Women Decide!" and saw the formation of other important international networks including Women Living Under Muslim Laws (WLUML) and Latin American Women and Health Network.[4] In 1987, at another IWHM conference, WGNRR partnered with the Latin America and Caribbean Women’s Health Network to launch a campaign addressing maternal mortality and declared May 28 the International Day of Action for Women's Health.[5][6] WGNRR was an active participant in the International Conference “Reinforcing Reproductive Rights”, held in Madras, India in 1993. It was this year that WGNRR began campaigning for safe and legal abortion.[7] WGNRR's position on abortion was critical during the International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD) in 1994. According to their website, "WGNRR was part of a coalition – the Women’s Alliance – to ensure that women’s voices were heard and represented at the conference. that protested the population control theories that abounded at the time. WGNRR was also involved in workshops protesting the use of anti-fertility “vaccines”. WGNRR’s support of the ICPD’s inclusion of right to access of safe abortion was still tempered by its concern over the language and the fear of the misuse of such a document by proponents of coerced population control."[7] In 1995, WGNRR undertook campaigns to address the feminisation of poverty and was an active participant in the development of the Programme of Action for the Women’s World Conference in Beijing.[8] Following the Cairo Consensus, WGNRR held a 1996 Regional Members' Meeting in Amsterdam. Between 2003 to 2007, WGNRR collaborated with the People’s Health Movement on the Women’s Access to Health campaign.[9] WGNRR then relocated its main office to the Global South and by 2009, the main office was transferred from the Netherlands to the Philippines.[7]

Key areas[edit]

  • Access to safe and legal abortion
  • Access to contraceptives
  • abortion rights advocacy
  • Youth sexual and reproductive health rights
  • Women's sexual and reproductive health rights
  • Sexual rights for all people

Campaigns[edit]

WGNRR has facilitated several international campaigns on a wide range of issues including maternal mortality and morbidity, poverty, forced sterilization and the sexual and reproductive rights of youth. Since its inception, WGNRR has used "Calls for Action" to mobilize members.[10] WGNRR's two primary campaigns are the International Day of Action for Women's Health (May 28) and the International Day of Action for Access to Safe and Legal Abortion (September 28).

Global Day of Action for Access to Safe and Legal Abortion[edit]

September 28 was chosen as the date for the Latin American and Caribbean Campaign for the Decriminalization of Abortion in 1990.[11] In 2015, the name of the day was changed to International Safe Abortion Day in an attempt to have a simpler, easier to remember name and to advocate for the day to become an official UN day.[12]

Funders[edit]

WGNRR works in partnership with and has received recent funding from Oxfam Novib and The Safe Abortion Action Fund (SAAF).[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "WGNRR: Vision, Mission and Values". WGNRR. Retrieved June 13, 2012.
  2. ^ "Women's Global Network for Reproductive Rights". www.defendingwomen-defendingrights.org. Retrieved 2018-05-20.
  3. ^ "NGO Branch: UN Department of Economic and Social Affairs". ECOSOC. Retrieved June 13, 2012.
  4. ^ a b Estrada-Claudio, Sylvia (April 26, 2006). "THE INTERNATIONAL WOMEN AND HEALTH MEETINGS: CATALYST AND END PRODUCT OF THE GLOBAL FEMINIST HEALTH MOVEMENT" (PDF).
  5. ^ Portugal, Ana Maria. "Highlights of the Latin American and Caribbean Women's Health Movement". Retrieved June 12, 2012.
  6. ^ "Using human rights to improve maternal and neonatal health: history, connections and a proposed practical approach". World Health Organization. Retrieved June 13, 2012.
  7. ^ a b c "WGNRR: History". Retrieved June 12, 2012.
  8. ^ Xiaoquan Zhang, Heather. "Interpreting reproductive rights: institutional responses to the agenda in the 1990s". Public Administration and Development. 24: 41–50. doi:10.1002/pad.305.
  9. ^ "Women's Access to Health Campaign". People's Health Movement. Retrieved June 13, 2012.
  10. ^ Humble, Morag (2005). "Window on the World: Reproductive Rights and Health Movements". Development. 48 (4): 144. doi:10.1057/palgrave.development.1100196. Retrieved June 13, 2012.
  11. ^ "WGNRR: Current Campaigns". Retrieved June 13, 2012.
  12. ^ http://www.safeabortionwomensright.org/international-safe-abortion-day/
  13. ^ "Funders | WGNRR". wgnrr.org. Retrieved 2018-05-20.