Woodland (MBTA station)

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WOODLAND
MBTA 3619 at Woodland station, May 2016.JPG
An outbound train at Woodland station in May 2016
Location 1940 Washington Street
Newton, Massachusetts
Coordinates 42°19′59″N 71°14′37″W / 42.33306°N 71.24361°W / 42.33306; -71.24361Coordinates: 42°19′59″N 71°14′37″W / 42.33306°N 71.24361°W / 42.33306; -71.24361
Owned by Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority
Line(s)
  Green Line "D" branch
Platforms 2 side platforms
Tracks 2
Connections Local bus MWRTA: Routes 1 and 8
Construction
Parking 548 spaces ($6.00 fee)
16 accessible spaces
Bicycle facilities 16 spaces
Disabled access Yes
History
Opened September 1886[2]
July 4, 1959[3]
Closed May 31, 1958[1]
Rebuilt March 2006[4]
Traffic
Passengers (2011) 957 (weekday average boardings)[5]
Services
Preceding station   MBTA.svg MBTA   Following station
Terminus
Green Line

Woodland is a light rail stop on the MBTA Green Line "D" Branch, located off Washington Street (MA-16) between the Waban and Auburndale villages of Newton, Massachusetts, United States. It serves as access to the Newton-Wellesley Hospital, as well as a park and ride station for nearby Route 128.

Woodland station was originally opened in 1886 by the Boston and Albany Railroad. The line closed in 1958 for conversion to light rail, and a new Woodland station slightly to the east in 1959. In 2006, the station was rebuilt for handicapped accessibility and a parking garage built as part of an adjacent transit-oriented development.

History[edit]

Richardson station[edit]

The Richardson-designed station shortly after construction

The Boston and Worcester Railroad opened a 1.4-mile (2.3 km) branch from Brookline Junction to Brookline on April 10, 1848.[1] The Charles River Branch Railroad extended the Brookline Branch to Newton Upper Falls in November 1852 and to Needham in June 1853.[1][6] The Boston and Albany Railroad bought back the line, then part of the New York and New England Railroad, in February 1883. It was double-tracked and extended to the B&A main at Riverside; "Newton Circuit" service via the Highland Branch and the main line began on May 16, 1886.[1]

The B&A commissioned buildings from H.H. Richardson for three new stops at Boylston Street, Beacon Street, and Washington Street (later called Woodland) in October 1884. The three stations were built in largely unoccupied areas of Newton, and the attractive architecture was intended to bring in new residents who would become paying customers of the railroad.[2] By this time, Richardson was in failing health; his successors Shepley, Rutan and Coolidge may have done most of the design work. Construction by the Norcross Brothers firm began in June 1886 - two months after Richardson's death - and finished that September.[2] Similar to the other stations on the line, it was built in the heavy stone Richardsonian Romanesque style with a dominant roofline. The corners facing the tracks were cut back to serve as porches.[2]

Conversion to trolley service[edit]

A 548-space parking garage opened in 2006

In June 1957, the Massachusetts Legislature approved the purchase of the branch by the M.T.A. from the nearly-bankrupt New York Central Railroad for conversion to a trolley line. Service ended on May 31, 1958.[1] The line was quickly converted for trolley service, with bare platforms and small shelters at each station. The new Woodland station was built somewhat to the east of the original station, as the latter was surrounded by a golf course with no room for a parking lot. Because of this, the station building was not torn down like most on the line were. The branch reopened with trolley service on July 4, 1959.[3] The M.T.A. was folded into the Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority (MBTA) in August 1964.[3]

Woodland is one of only four of Richardson's B&A stations, and the only one of his Newton Circuit stations, to survive past the 1960s.[2] It was added to the Newton Railroad Stations Historic District in 1976, but has fallen into disrepair. It sits on the grounds of the Woodland Golf Club, which uses it as a storage space.[7]

In October 1997, Woodland was identified as a possible site for a parking garage to replace its 450-space surface lot.[8] After numerous delays, the MBTA signed a ground lease agreement with a private developer in 2004. Under the terms of the agreement, the developer paid for the construction of a 548-space parking garage, accessible platforms, and entrance road to the station in exchange for rights to construct a transit-oriented development with rental apartments on the former parking lot.[9] The new platforms and garage opened in March 2006; the Arborpoint at Woodland Station development broke ground in April 2006 and opened in October 2007.[4][10][11]

Station layout[edit]

An MWRTA bus at Woodland in September 2015
G
Street/
Platform level
Side platform, doors will open on the right
Outbound "D" Branch toward Riverside (Terminus)
Inbound "D" Branch toward Government Center (Waban)
Side platform, doors will open on the right

Bus connections[edit]

Woodland is not served by any MBTA Bus routes. The MWRTA operates two routes from the Natick Mall to Woodland station:[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Humphrey, Thomas J.; Clark, Norton D. (1985). Boston's Commuter Rail: The First 150 Years. Boston Street Railway Association. pp. 21–24. ISBN 9780685412947. 
  2. ^ a b c d e Ochsner, Jeffrey Karl (June 1988). "Architecture for the Boston & Albany Railroad: 1881-1894". Journal of the Society of Architectural Historians. 47 (2). doi:10.2307/990324. JSTOR 990324. (subscription required (help)). 
  3. ^ a b c Belcher, Jonathan (26 December 2015). "Changes to Transit Service in the MBTA district 1964-2015" (PDF). NETransit. Retrieved 3 February 2016. 
  4. ^ a b "MPO Agency Notes" (PDF). TRANSreport. Boston Region Metropolitan Planning Organization. April 2006 – via Internet Archive. 
  5. ^ "Ridership and Service Statistics" (PDF) (14 ed.). Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. 2014. Retrieved 3 February 2016. 
  6. ^ Karr, Ronald Dale (1995). The Rail Lines of Southern New England. Branch Line Press. pp. 277, 288–289. ISBN 0942147022. 
  7. ^ Roy, John H. Jr. (2007). A Field Guide to Southern New England Railroad Depots and Freight Houses. Branch Line Press. p. 274. ISBN 9780942147087. 
  8. ^ "INDEPENDENT STATE AUDITOR'S REPORT ON CERTAIN ACTIVITIES OF THE MASSACHUSETTS BAY TRANSPORTATION AUTHORITY: JULY 1, 1996 TO JULY 31, 2001" (PDF). Auditor of the Commonwealth. 3 April 2002. Retrieved 4 February 2016. 
  9. ^ "Arborpoint at Woodland Station | Newton, MA" (PDF). TRA Brokerage. Retrieved 4 February 2016. 
  10. ^ Palmer, Thomas C. Jr. (27 April 2006). "Firm starts 2d housing project tied to transit: Luxury apartments being built adjacent to Newton T station". Boston Globe. Retrieved 4 February 2016. 
  11. ^ "National Development opens Arborpoint at Woodland Station" (Press release). New England Real Estate Journal. 8 November 2007. 
  12. ^ "Woodland Station Neighborhood Map" (PDF). Massachusetts Bay Transportation Authority. April 2012. Retrieved 3 February 2016. 

External links[edit]