World Psychiatric Association
|Predecessor||Association for the Organization of World Congresses of Psychiatry|
|Roy Abraham Kallivayalil|
The World Psychiatric Association is an international umbrella organisation of psychiatric societies.
Objectives and goals
Originally created to produce world psychiatric congresses, it has evolved to hold regional meetings, to promote professional education and to set ethical, scientific and treatment standards for psychiatry.
Jean Delay was the first president of the Association for the Organization of World Congresses of Psychiatry when it was started in 1950. Donald Ewen Cameron became president of the World Psychiatric Association at its formal founding in 1961.
In February 1983, the Soviet All-Union Society of Neurologists and Psychiatrists resigned from the World Psychiatric Association. This resignation occurred as a preemptive action amid a movement to expel the Soviet body from the global organization due to political abuse of psychiatry in the Soviet Union. The Soviet body was conditionally readmitted into the World Psychiatric Association in 1989, following some improvements in human rights conditions, and an intensive debate among the association's delegates, in which the acting secretary of the Soviet delegation issued a statement conceding that "previous political conditions in the U.S.S.R. created an environment in which psychiatric abuse occurred, including for nonmedical reasons."
|Year||World Congress||President||Secretary General|
|1950||Paris, France||Jean Delay||France||Henry Ey||France|
|1961||Montreal, Canada||D. Ewen Cameron||Canada|
|1966||Madrid, Spain||Juan J. López-Ibor||Spain||Denis Leigh||U.K.|
|1972||Mexico City, Mexico||Howard Rome||USA|
|1977||Hawaii, USA||Pierre Pichot||France||Peter Berner||Austria|
|1983||Vienna, Austria||Costas Stefanis||Greece||Fini Schulsinger||Denmark|
|1989||Athens, Greece||Jorge A. Costa e Silva||Brazil||Juan J. López-Ibor, Jr.||Spain|
|1993||Rio de Janeiro, Brazil||Felice Lieh-Mak||Hong Kong|
|1996||Madrid, Spain||Norman Sartorius||Switzerland||Juan Mezzich||USA|
|1999||Hamburg, Germany||Juan J. López-Ibor, Jr.||Spain|
|2002||Yokohama, Japan||Ahmed Okasha||Egypt||John Cox||U.K.|
|2005||Cairo, Egypt||Juan Mezzich||USA|
|2008||Prague, Czech Republic||Mario Maj||Italy||Levent Kuey||Turkey|
|2011||Buenos Aires, Argentina||Pedro Ruiz||USA|
|2014||Madrid, Spain||Dinesh Bhugra||U.K.||Roy Abraham Kallivayalil||India|
|2017||Berlin, Germany||Helen Herrman||Australia||?||?|
As of 2016,[update] the institutional members of the World Psychiatric Association are 138 national psychiatric societies in 118 countries representing more than 200,000 psychiatrists worldwide. The societies are clustered into 18 zones and four regions: the Americas, Europe, Africa & Middle East, and Asia & Australasia. Representatives of the societies constitute the World Psychiatric Association General Assembly, the governing body of the organization. The association also has individual members and there are provisions for affiliation of other associations (e.g., those dealing with a particular topic in psychiatry). There are 72 scientific sections.
The official publication of the association is World Psychiatry. World Psychiatry and the association's official books are published by Wiley-Blackwell. WPA also self-publishes a quarterly newsletter on its website.
Several WPA scientific sections have their own official journals and newsletters:
- Activitas Nervosa Superior (Psychiatric Electrophysiology Section)
- Archives of Women's Mental Health (Women's Mental Health Section)
- History of Psychiatry (History of Psychiatry Section)
- Idee in Psichiatria (Ecology, Psychiatry and Mental Health Section)
- International Journal of Mental Health (Psychiatric Rehabilitation Section)
- Journal of Affective Disorders (Affective Disorders Section)
- Journal of Intellectual Disability Research (Psychiatry of Intellectual Disability Section)
- Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics (Mental Health Economics Section)
- Personality and Mental Health (Personality Disorders Section)
- Psychiatry in General Practice (Rural Mental Health Section)
- Psychopathology (Classification, Diagnostic Assessment and Nomenclature Section; Clinical Psychopathology Section)
- Revista de Psicotrauma (Disaster Psychiatry Section)
- Revue Francophone du Stress et du Trauma (Disaster Psychiatry Section)
- Transcultural Psychiatry (Transcultural Psychiary Section)
- Art & Psychiatry Section (Section of the Psychopathology of Expression)
- Child and Adolescent Psychiatry
- Early Career Psychiatrists
- Psyche and Spirit (Section on Religion, Spirituality and Psychiatry) 
- Psychological Consequences of Torture and Persecutions Section
- Psychotherapy Section
- World Healer (Transcultural Psychiatry Section)
- "History of the World Psychiatric Association". World Psychiatric Association. Retrieved 26 December 2016.
- "About the World Psychiatric Association". World Psychiatric Association. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
- "The Executive Committee". World Psychiatric Association. Retrieved 27 December 2017.
- "World Psychiatric Association Chronology". World Psychiatric Association. Retrieved 2012-10-11.
- Vera Rich, Soviet psychiatry: pre-emptive resignation?, Nature (February 17, 1983).
- Allan Wynn, The Soviet Union and the World Psychiatric Association, The Lancet (February 19, 1983).
- Masha Hamilton, Soviets Win Praise From Amnesty International, Los Angeles Times (April 2, 1989).
- Paul Anastasi, Soviets Conditionally Readmitted To World Psychiatric Association, New York Times (October 18, 1989).
- Ruiz, Pedro (November 2011). "Greetings from Pedro Ruiz, new WPA President". World Psychiatric Association. Retrieved 2012-10-11.
- "General Assembly 2014". World Psychiatric Association. Retrieved 26 December 2016.
- "17th WPA World Congress of Psychiatry "Psychiatry of the 21st Century: Context, Controversies and Commitment"". World Psychiatric Association. Retrieved 26 December 2016.
- "World Psychiatric Association (WPA) By-laws" (PDF). World Psychiatric Association. 21 September 2011.
- "World Psychiatric Association (WPA) Statutes" (PDF). World Psychiatric Association. 21 September 2011.
- "Archive of "World Psychiatry"". PubMed Central. National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine. Retrieved 2009-06-18.
- "Latest Publications". World Psychiatric Association. Retrieved 24 December 2016.
- "WPA News: Past Issues". World Psychiatric Association. Retrieved 26 December 2016.
- "Journals & Volumes Produced by WPA Sections". World Psychiatric Association. Retrieved 26 December 2016.
- "ANS: The Journal for Neurocognitive Research". Activitas Nervosa Superior. Retrieved 26 December 2016.
- "Archives of women's mental health". NLM Catalog. National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine. Retrieved 26 December 2016.
- "Art & Psychiatry". World Psychiatric Association. Retrieved 26 December 2016.
- "Child & Adolescent Psychiatry". World Psychiatric Association. 2016.
- "Early Career Psychiatrists". World Psychiatric Association. 2016.
- "Newsletter". World Psychiatric Association: Section on Religion, Spirituality and Psychiatry. August 2016.
- "World Healer". World Psychiatric Association - Transcultural Psychiatry Section. Retrieved 26 December 2016.
- "Madrid Declaration on Ethical Standards for Psychiatric Practice". World Psychiatric Association. 21 September 2011.
- "Secretary General's summary of the proceedings and conclusions of the 2002 extraordinary and ordinary general assemblies". World Psychiatric Association. 26 August 2002.