Wyke, Surrey

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Wyke
Wyke Primary School - geograph.org.uk - 1017902.jpg
Wyke Primary School
St. Mark's church, Wyke - geograph.org.uk - 1017909.jpg
St Mark's, the Parish Church of Wyke
Wyke is located in Surrey
Wyke
Wyke
Wyke shown within Surrey
Area 16.37 km2 (6.32 sq mi)
Population 2,981 (area and population applies to civil and ecclesiastical parish in which Normandy and Wyke are indistinct from each other, as opposed to various map distinctions)[1]
• Density 182/km2 (470/sq mi)
OS grid reference SU9151
Civil parish
  • Normandy
District
Shire county
Region
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town Guildford
Postcode district GU3
Dialling code 01483
Police Surrey
Fire Surrey
Ambulance South East Coast
EU Parliament South East England
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Surrey
51°15′25″N 0°39′29″W / 51.257°N 0.658°W / 51.257; -0.658Coordinates: 51°15′25″N 0°39′29″W / 51.257°N 0.658°W / 51.257; -0.658

Wyke is a rural and suburban village in Surrey, England. Its local government district is the Borough of Guildford. The nearest town is Aldershot, 2 miles (3.2 km) west although the large village/town of Ash, Surrey is 1 mile (1.6 km) west and has more shops than smaller Wyke and adjacent Normandy combined. Normandy, Surrey is also dispersed yet is typically marked just 0.25 miles (0.40 km) east, near its manors. Normandy, Flexford and Christmas Pie share the parish church of Wyke, being relatively central to the four former hamlets. Wyke shares in the sports associations and community groups of Normandy.

History[edit]

Wyke unlike the larger settlement of Flexford, Normandy appears in Domesday Book of 1086 as Wucha held by Godric from (Turald) Thorold under Roger de/of Montgomery. It was part of Burpham manor and was valued underneath its listing. As heads of household it had four villagers, three smallholders, one serf (a form of slavery abolished by the time of the Magna Carta), two ploughlands and woodland for 83 pigs, 25 acres of meadow and a mill worth 15s per year. It rendered 8 pound sterling per year to its feudal system overlords.[2][3]

One side of the roadside common of Normandy has medieval homes and farmhouses, 0.25 miles (0.40 km) east. Wyke has two farmhouses pre-dating 1600.[4]

Wyke as a wider parish than its topographical definition was formed out of Ash, Worplesdon and Wanborough in 1847 when its church was built.[5] Most of this combined land of Wyke, Normandy, Flexford and Christmas Pie was an outcrop of Worplesdon surrounded by the south-east of the parish of St Peter, Ash, which was the largest medieval parish in Woking Hundred.[5][5]

Geography[edit]

The maximum elevation is 118m at Normandy/Gravel Pit hill in the north, at the south of the long ridge known as the Chobham Ranges, but between Deepcut and West End, Surrey. The minimum is 50m at Westwood Hall, a former manor, at the start of the Normandy locality, where the headwaters of a brook merge into one in the east.[6] The soil is sandy and (acidic) heath towards the escarpment shielding the Ministry of Defence training land directly north of Wyke, but otherwise is a loam/clay mixture.[5]

Its local government district is the Borough of Guildford. The nearest town is Aldershot, 2 miles (3.2 km) west although the large village of Ash, Surrey is 1 mile (1.6 km) west and has many amenities. Normandy, Surrey can also be categorised as dispersed rather than polyfocal but has slightly more amenities.

Amenities[edit]

Wyke has one place of worship, that of St Mark in the Church of England building of which completed in November 1846 as a chapel.

Wyke Primary School is a county-supported school (ages 4–11) on School Lane.[7] Its roots are Wyke National (Secular) School in 1874 which was enlarged 1896.[5]

For recreational and community hall purposes Wyke has a civil parish, that of Normandy.[8]

The rural Normandy Youth Center has a number of current children of the village who attend its meetings or use its facilities.

Notable residents[edit]

See also[edit]

EnglandSurrey.png Surrey portal

References[edit]

  1. ^ Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 21 November 2013
  2. ^ Surrey Domesday Book Archived 30 October 2007 at the Wayback Machine.
  3. ^ Wyke Domesday Book Entry. Domesdaymap.co.uk. Retrieved 4 January 2014
  4. ^ The Manor House, Normandy, medieval construction within 0.25 miles Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1377691)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  5. ^ a b c d e H.E. Malden (editor) (1911). "The hundred of Woking: Introduction and map". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 4 January 2014. 
  6. ^ Grid square map Ordnance survey website
  7. ^ Wyke Primary School Surrey County Council
  8. ^ Wyke Diocese of Guildford, The Church of England

External links[edit]

Media related to Wyke, Surrey at Wikimedia Commons