St Peter's Church
Ash Post Office
Ash shown within Surrey
|Area||9.74 km2 (3.76 sq mi)|
|Population||17,166 (Civil Parish including Ash Vale)|
|– density||1,762/km2 (4,560/sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ambulance||South East Coast|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
|UK Parliament||Surrey Heath|
Ash is a village and civil parish in the far west of the borough of Guildford, Surrey. Ash is on the eastern side of the River Blackwater, with railway station on the Reading-Guildford-Gatwick line, and direct roads to Aldershot, Farnham and Guildford. The 2011 census counted the residents of the main ward of Ash, which excludes Ash Vale, as 6,120.[n 1] It is within the Aldershot Urban Area (the Blackwater Valley) and adjoins the riverside in the east of that large town; Ash has a small museum, large secondary school and a library.
The southern part of the parish, including St. Peter's Church and Ash village, is on the London Clay; but the greater portion, once including Frimley, covers the western side of the ridge of Bagshot Sands, which is divided from Chobham Ridges by the dip through which the Basingstoke Canal and railway run, and is known as Ash Common, Fox Hills and Claygate Common (now in Surrey Wildlife Trust and MoD use).[n 2] 
Ash Green is the community closer to the Hog's Back along which the east-west A31 runs and has Whitegate Copse and fields of crop agriculture as a green buffer on all sides though has no listed buildings
The hamlet used to be served by Ash Green Halt. The railway station had two platforms, and was situated on the Tongham branch of the Alton line before becoming disused in 1937 along with Tongham railway station and ultimately the branch closing. Though the tracks have been long removed, the stretch of land from Tongham through Christmas Pie, where the route of the branch line still exists, is a popular attraction for cyclists and walkers. Ash Green Halt's station building complete with its Southern Railway-style sign still stands, and has been converted into a house.
Of prehistoric artefacts a few neolithic implements, in the Surrey Archaeological Society's Museum at Guildford, have been recorded.
There is no mention of a mill under Henley in Domesday Book, but it is certain that a mill existed at Ash from comparatively early times, for in 1322 the Abbot of Chertsey ordered a new windmill to be built at Ash. Windmills were comparatively new in England then, and it may have been in place of a small water-mill of earlier date. There seems no later record of it.
The two manors existed. Ash (Esche, 7th century; Asshe, Assche, 14th century) shares with the other a prominent social history starting with at least the Norman period of the Domesday book whose commissioners wrote "Azor granted [part of Henley known as Ash] for his soul to Chertsey in the time of King William. Later a 1279 chartulary of Chertsey Abbey records the prohibition of any perpetual title of institutions (as the Abbey states, vulgarly called the prohibition of mortmain) as led here to 11 acres in Ash with sufficient common pasture for his flocks and herds being held by Robert de Zathe, while Geoffrey de Bacsete (Bagshot) and his brother William had 28 acres. The Atwaters of West Clandon also held land in Ash. Nonetheless, from the church's freehold, overall control passed from 1537 in the Dissolution of the Monasteries to Winchester College. Henley, also seen as Henle, (14th century) and Suth henle and Henle on the Heth usually to distinguish Henley on Thames has hosted a long list of prominent figures. The de Henley, de Molyns [n 3], the crown as owner from Edward I to Charles I, Arthur Squib whose daughter married its next owner John Glynne (judge), occupied briefly by the Duke of Roxburgh then via Glynne's granddaughter's husband, Sir Richard Child, created Earl of Tylney it then passed to ambassador and diplomat Solomon Dayrolles, upon whose death John Halsey bought it, whose family owned it from the 18th to 20th centuries.
Declared a parish, under Gilbert's Act, Ash was partly in the hundred of Godley and partly in Woking Hundred. It included in 1848 Frimley (a chapelry) and Normandy tything so altogether at that time had 2,236 inhabitants. The parish was and is intersected by the Basingstoke Canal and a branch of the South Western Main Line and comprised, with Normandy in, about 4,000 acres (1,600 ha), of which 2,041 acres (826 ha) were common or waste, see geology under Surrey, i.e. wet lowland heath; (and including Frimley, about 10,015 acres). The soil of Ash yielded sandstone, dug from its common, used for building for centuries; and:
[Locally] pebbles are found, susceptible of a bright polish, which are commonly called Bagshot diamonds. The village is long and scattered, and situated in a dreary part of the country: south-eastward of it is Henley Park, which, being on an eminence, forms a beautiful contrast with the wild heath around. The living is a rectory, valued in the king's books [for land tax liability] at £15. 18. 11½.; net income, £473; patrons, the Warden and Fellows of Winchester College. The church [before] the dissolution of monasteries, was attached to the abbey of Chertsey... Dr. Young is said to have written a portion of the Night-Thoughts at the rectory-house, then the residence of Dr. Harris, who married a sister of the poet, and was incumbent from 1718 to 1759.
Young's poem is particularly noted for original adages such as "procrastination is the thief of time". Wyke near Worplesdon was added to the parish in 1880, however has changed parish council to that of Normandy.
Significant homes and listed buildings
In 1911 Henley Park, and two in Normandy were recorded as significant historic homes.
Henley Park estate can be traced back to the Domesday Book, when it was held by Azor, one of the guards of Edward the Confessor. The land was later owned by Chertsey Abbey, who leased it to the de Henley family. The estate passed through many hands, including the English Civil War rebel, John Glynne MP. Later tenants included Lord Pirbright, who entertained King Edward VII, and Sir Owen and Lady Roberts. During World War I, the house was used as an auxiliary hospital, and in the mid 20th century the estate was developed as a factory. It has since been restored to residential use. 
The following are listed buildings:
- St Peter's Church - Grade II* 
- Azar Place - Grade II 
- Tudor House - Grade II 
- Ashe Grange - Grade II 
- Oast house, Stable, Barn south of Ash Manor House - Grade II 
- York House - Grade II 
- Hartshorn - Grade II 
- 92 Ash Street - Grade II 
- Ashmead House - Grade II 
- Merryworth - Grade II 
- Ash Manor / Old Manor Cottage - Grade II 
- The Post Office - Grade II 
- Memorial Chapel- Grade II 
In education, Ash has:
- Ash Grange School
- Walsh (C of E) School
- Shawfield School
- Ash Manor Technology College which is county supported and has 1,013 students aged 11–16.
A museum occupies much of the large cemetery chapel. There is a Surrey County Council library in the village with a helpdesk to assist also with the most common Guildford borough council services.
The Normandy Youth Center sponsors community-based programs targeting youth in the area (especially marginal groups and minorities) for the purpose of increasing exposure to educational opportunities and building community cohesion.
Sport and leisure
Other Transport Infrastructure
There are few frequent bus services serving the village, connecting to Farnborough, Blackwater, Farnham and Aldershot. The parish is also served by Ash Vale railway station with a direct London Waterloo service.
- Samuel Cody, aviation pioneer, first human to fly a heavier-than-air machine in the British Isles, lived for the last two years of his life at Ash Vale, the neighbouring village in the same parish council.[n 4]
- of Henley Park (house):
- James Wade,
Demography and housing
The proportion of households in Ash Wharf, the central ward, who owned their home outright was 1.3% above the regional average. The proportion who owned their home with a loan was 3.7% above the regional average; providing overall a marginally lower proportion than average of rented residential property relative to that in Surrey, the district and the national average.
|Output area||Population||Households||% Owned outright||% Owned with a loan||hectares|
|Ash Wharf (ward)||6,120||2,578||33.8||38.8||322|
|Output area||Detached||Semi-detached||Terraced||Flats and apartments||Caravans/temporary/mobile homes||Shared between households|
The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.
|2010||Nick Sutcliffe||Ash South and Tongham|
|2010||Paul Spooner||Ash South and Tongham|
|2010||Stephen Mansbridge||Ash South and Tongham|
|2013||Murray Grubb Jnr||Ash Wharf|
|2010||Jayne Hewlett||Ash Wharf|
Notes and References
- Based on the main area of Ash Wharf (one of the wards of the United Kingdom) covering 3.22 km² whereas the Civil Parish had in 2011 a population of 17,549.
- Claygate Common in Ash is not to be confused with Claygate in the KT10 Esher postcode, Surrey
- whose right unusually had included the right of erecting gallows on the soil of the manor, and of passing judgement on malefactors apprehended there; see also Chobham Common regarding highwaymen 
- Cody's house - 'Valecroft' - at the junction of Frimley Road and Lysons Avenue, bears a blue commemorative plaque.
- Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 21 November 2013
- H.E. Malden (editor) (1911). "Parishes: Ash". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 24 October 2012.
- Official map search for Listed Buildings
- Ralph Rawlinson. "Arvans, St - Ashburton". Station Name: ASH GREEN HALT. Retrieved 25 September 2013.
- Samuel Lewis (editor) (1848). "Arvans, St - Ashburton". A Topographical Dictionary of England. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 24 October 2012.
- Ash Parish Council
- "If these walls could talk! Mansion that traces its history back 1,000 years and even gets a mention in the Domesday Book goes on the market for £1.5million". Daily Mail.
- St Peter's Church Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1029647)". National Heritage List for England. with the Parker Chest Tomb
- Azar Place Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1029648)". National Heritage List for England.
- Tudor House Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1029649)". National Heritage List for England.
- Ashe Grange Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1029650)". National Heritage List for England.
- Oast House, Stable Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1029651)". National Heritage List for England.
- Barn Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1029652)". National Heritage List for England.
- York House Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1029653)". National Heritage List for England.
- Hartshorn Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1188299)". National Heritage List for England.
- 92 Ash Street Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1188315)". National Heritage List for England.
- Ashmead House Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1188335)". National Heritage List for England.
- Merryworth Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1188338)". National Heritage List for England.
- Ash Manor / Old Manor Cottage Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1294794)". National Heritage List for England.
- The Post Office Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1294827)". National Heritage List for England.
- Memorial Chapel Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1390713)". National Heritage List for England.
- Ash Manor School
- Ash museum history
- Award for Mother Who Transformed Her Village; 18 October 2010 article; Get Surrey the website of the Surrey Advertiser and Surrey Herald; retrieved 30 January 2013.
- Ash Parish Council. "Ash Parish Maps- Local Interest". Ash, Surrey: Ash Parish Council. Retrieved 11 June 2012. (click on the red dot to see a photograph)
- Electoral Divisions Surrey County Council. Retrieved 21 November 2013
- Your local councillors Guildford Borough Council. Retrieved 21 November 2013
- Your Councillor Surrey County Council. Retrieved 06 November 2013
- Jenkinson, S. (1990). Ash and Ash Vale - A Pictorial History, Chichester: Phillimore. ISBN 0-85033-773-9.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Ash, Surrey.|
- Ash Residents Association
- Ash Parish Council
- Old photos
- Ash WWI roll of honour
- Ash WWII roll of honour
- Stained Glass Windows at St. Peter Ash, Surrey
- Stained Glass Windows at Store (former chapel) Ash, Cemetery, Surrey