From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Asterales
Family: Asteraceae
Tribe: Astereae[1]
Genus: Xanthocephalum

Xanthocephalum is a genus of North American plants in the aster tribe within the sunflower family.[2][3][4][5][6][7]

The name "Xanthocephalum" means "yellow head," from the Greek "xanthos," yellow and "kephale," head. The genus was once much larger than it is today, with many of its former members transferred to Gutierrezia in the 1980s.[8][9][10][11]

  1. Xanthocephalum amoenum Shinners - Texas[12]
  2. Xanthocephalum benthamianum Hemsl. - Aguascalientes, San Luis Potosí, Chihuahua, Durango, Michoacán, Jalisco
  3. Xanthocephalum centauroides Willd. - Michoacán, Durango, D.F., Guanajuato, México State
  4. Xanthocephalum durangense M.A.Lane - Durango
  5. Xanthocephalum eradiatum (M.A.Lane) G.L.Nesom - Chihuahua
  6. Xanthocephalum gymnospermoides (A.Gray) Benth. & Hook.f. - United States (Arizona, Texas),[13] Chihuahua, Sonora
  7. Xanthocephalum humile (Kunth) Benth. & Hook.f. - Hidalgo, D.F., Puebla, Tlaxcala, México State, San Luis Potosí
  8. Xanthocephalum megalocephalum Fernald - Chihuahua
formerly included[1]

see Amphiachyris Gutierrezia Gymnosperma Pilosella Stephanodoria


  1. ^ a b c d Flann, C (ed) 2009+ Global Compositae Checklist
  2. ^ Willdenow, Carl Ludwig von. 1807. Der Gesellschaft Naturforschender Freunde zu Berlin Magazin für die neuesten Entdeckungen in der Gesammten Naturkunde 1(2): 140
  3. ^ Tropicos, Xanthocephalum Willd.
  4. ^ Botanic Garden and Botanical Museum Berlin-Dahlem. "Details for: Astereae". Euro+Med PlantBase. Freie Universität Berlin. Retrieved 2009-07-18. 
  5. ^ UniProt. "Tribe Astereae". Retrieved 2009-07-18. 
  6. ^ National Herbarium of New South Wales. "Genus Kippistia". New South Wales FloraOnline. Royal Botanic Gardens, Sydney. Retrieved 2009-07-18. 
  7. ^ "Polyarrhena Cass.". African Plants Database. South African National Biodiversity Institute, the Conservatoire et Jardin botaniques de la Ville de Genève and Tela Botanica. Retrieved 2009-07-18. 
  8. ^ Flora of North America, Vol. 20 Page 436, Xanthocephalum Willdenow
  9. ^ Lane, M. A. 1983. Taxonomy of Xanthocephalum (Compositae: Astereae). Systematic Botany 8: 305–316.
  10. ^ Nesom, G. L. 1989b. Comments on the annual species of Xanthocephalum (Compositae: Astereae) with a new combination. Phytologia 66: 482–487.
  11. ^ Solbrig, O. T. 1961b. Synopsis of the genus Xanthocephalum (Compositae). Rhodora 63: 151–164.
  12. ^ Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution map, Amphiachyris amoena
  13. ^ Biota of North America Program 2013 county distribution map, Xanthocephalum gymnospermoides