Yangon General Hospital

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Yangon General Hospital
General Hospital, Yangon.jpg
Geography
LocationLanmadaw 11131, Yangon, Yangon Region, Myanmar
Organisation
Hospital typeTeaching
Affiliated universityUniversity of Medicine 1, Yangon
Services
Emergency departmentYes
Beds2000[1]
History
Founded1899[1]
Links
Websiteyghhealthcare.org
Designations

The Yangon General Hospital (YGH) (Burmese: ရန်ကုန် ပြည်သူ့ ဆေးရုံကြီး) is a major public hospital in Yangon, Myanmar. Located in a 14 hectares (35 acres) compound, the 2,000-bed hospital consists of four Medical Wards, three surgical wards, one trauma and orthopaedic ward, and 28 specialist departments for inpatient care.[2] The hospital also runs an ER for general medicine, general surgery and traumatology.[1][3]

History[edit]

The front view (left) and back view (right) of newly constructed General Hospital

Early history[edit]

In the early 1890s, the present site of Yangon General Hospital was then Agri-Horticultural Gardens and a Phayre Museum, had been scouted for relocation.[4]

The Yangon General Hospital was established in 1899 as the Rangoon General Hospital (RGH).[citation needed]

The main building was designed by then head of Public Works Department, Henry Hoyne-Fox, and construction started in 1904 and took five years to complete.[5] It was fitted with all the latest modern medical improvement at that time, including operating theatres with electricity and anesthesia rooms. The 3-story Victorian-style main building was opened on 6 May 1905.[6]

In the following year, the administrative block and other structures such as the Matron’s accommodation and the morgue was added and cost four million rupees overall. In 1911, the new and larger hospital opened its doors for the first time with a total of 342 beds. It also housed the country’s first bacteriological laboratory, though which several contributions to global medical science were made during the early 20th century.

World War II[edit]

During the Japanese Occupation, the Imperial Japanese Army occupied the building and reserved them for Japanese personnel and the General Hospital had to temporarily relocate to the former Diocesan Girls’ School on Signal Pagoda Road.

After World War II[edit]

After World War II, the hospital underwent renovations and had a capacity of 546 beds. In 1964, new specialist wards were added, and the capacity was increased to 1500 beds.[1]

The building was a major massacre site during the 8888 Uprising, in which injured patients, assumed to have taken part in the anti-government protests, were killed by the Tatmadaw. The hospital is closed to tourists. The hospital was also the site of Aung San Suu Kyi's first public speech, on 24 August 1988. The hospital was listed on the Yangon City Heritage List in 2017.[7]

Services and specialties provided[edit]

The hospital has around 2000 staffs to work around the clock to serve the long list of patients.[2] As of July 2018, the hospital has 2000 beds and generally treats 1800 inpatients and between 800 and 1200 outpatients a day.[8]

Although public health care is nominally free, in reality, patients have to pay for some medicine which are not provided by the Ministry of Health.

Departments[edit]

YGH maintains both medical and surgical specialist departments and diagnostic departments.[9]

Specialist departments[edit]

  • Department of Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Department of Cardiovascular Surgery
  • Department of Clinical Haematology
  • Department of Dermatology
  • Department of Diabetes and Endocrinology
  • Department of Emergency Medicine
  • Department of Anaesthesiology and Intensive Care Medicine
  • Department of Neurology
  • Department of Neurosurgery
  • Department of Gastroenterology
  • Department of Geriatrics
  • Department of Medical Oncology
  • Department of Nuclear Medicine
  • Department of Plastic, Maxillofacial & Oral Surgery
  • Department of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
  • Department of Radiation Oncology
  • General Medical Units (1,2,3 & 4)
  • General Surgical Units (1,2 & 3)
  • Trauma care units (1 & 2)
  • Intensive Care Cardiovascular Unit (Cardiac Intensive Care Unit and Coronary Care Unit (CCU))
  • Diagnostic and Therapeutic Cardiovasular Catheterisation Laboratories
  • Special Skin Clinic
  • Diabetic Clinic
  • Dentistry Clinic
  • Mental Health Clinic
  • Acute Burn Care Unit
  • Epilepsy Unit
  • Tetanus & Rabies Ward
  • Pain and Palliative Care Unit
Dental O.P.D (Out Patient Department)

Diagnostics departments[edit]

  • Department of Radiology (MRI, 24 hr CT scan service, Xray, USS)
  • Department of Pathology
  • Department of Microbiology
  • Endoscopy (GI)
  • EEG (Neuro)

Auxiliary departments[edit]

  • Department of Forensic Medicine
  • National Blood Bank
  • Medical Record Department
  • Bio-Medical Engineering Department
  • Kitchen
  • Laundry
  • Motor Transport

Clinical training and nursing education[edit]

YGH, known for its Victorian-style architecture, with red brick and yellow-painted trimmings, is also the Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital of University of Medicine 1, Yangon, the Yangon Institute of Nursing, and the University of Medical Technology, Yangon.[1] YGH is the main teaching hospital of the University of Medicine 1, Yangon. It also trains nursing and medical technology trainees from the Yangon Institute of Nursing and the University of Medical Technology, Yangon.[10]

Undergraduate[edit]

Diploma[edit]

  • Dip.Med.Sc.
    • TB & Chest Medical
    • Nuclear Medicine
    • Family Medicine

Graduate[edit]

  • M.Med.Sc. degree
    • Pathology
    • Microbiology
    • Medical Jurisprudence
    • Orthopaedics and Traumatology
    • Anaesthesia
    • Radiology
    • Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation
    • Dermatology
    • Radiation Oncology
    • Medical Oncology
    • Hospital Administration & Health Management
    • Internal Medicine
    • Surgery
    • Cardiovascular Surgery
    • Neurosurgery
    • Plastic, Maxilofacial and Oral Surgery

Doctorate[edit]

  • Dr.Med.Sc. degree
    • General Medicine
    • General Surgery
    • Orthopaedics
    • Cardiology
    • Cardiovascular Surgery
    • Neurology
    • Neurosurgery
    • Gastroenterology
    • Clinical Haematology
    • Anaesthesia
    • Radiology
    • Plastic, Maxillo-facial and Oral Surgery

Nursing[edit]

  • Nursing Training

Medical Technology[edit]

  • Medical Technology
    • Medical Imaging Technology or Radiography
    • Physiotherapy
    • Medical Laboratory Technology

Research and other medical and academic collaborations[edit]

  • Australia-Myanmar Trauma Management Program: The program activities for 2015 to 2017 was based on the delivery of trauma care team training to Myanmar clinicians.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e "Yangon General Hospital". Yangon City Development Committee. Retrieved 2009-01-02.
  2. ^ a b "Yangon General Hospital Updates". Myanmar Times. Retrieved 2016-06-15.
  3. ^ "Yangon General Hospital". Surgical Implant Generation Network. Retrieved 2009-01-02.
  4. ^ "19th Blue Plaque Yangon General Hospital | Yangon Heritage Trust". www.yangonheritagetrust.org. Retrieved 2018-07-06.
  5. ^ "Yangon hospital is now a heritage building". The Myanmar Times. Retrieved 2018-07-06.
  6. ^ "19th Blue Plaque Yangon General Hospital | Yangon Heritage Trust". www.yangonheritagetrust.org. Retrieved 2018-07-06.
  7. ^ "Yangon General Hospital gets blue plaque for heritage status".
  8. ^ "Illegal hawkers, squatters continue to plague hospital". The Myanmar Times. Retrieved 2018-07-06.
  9. ^ "YGH Departments". Yangon City Development Committee. Retrieved 2009-01-02.
  10. ^ "Teaching Programs at YGH". Yangon City Development Committee. Retrieved 2009-01-02.

Coordinates: 16°46′45.08″N 96°8′58.56″E / 16.7791889°N 96.1496000°E / 16.7791889; 96.1496000