Yeşilköy Feneri

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Yeşilköy Feneri
Agios Stefanos
Yeşilköy Lighthouse.jpg
Yeşilköy Feneri
Yeşilköy Feneri is located in Istanbul
Yeşilköy Feneri
Turkey Istanbul
Location Yeşilköy
Istanbul
Turkey
Coordinates 40°57′30.8″N 28°50′20.4″E / 40.958556°N 28.839000°E / 40.958556; 28.839000Coordinates: 40°57′30.8″N 28°50′20.4″E / 40.958556°N 28.839000°E / 40.958556; 28.839000
Year first constructed 1856[1]
Year first lit 1857[2]
Construction stonr tower
Tower shape octagonal prism prism tower centerd on the keeper's house[3]
Markings / pattern white tower[4]
Height 16 m (52 ft)[3]
Focal height 23 m (75 ft)[3]
Current lens 500mm catadioptric cylindrical lens[3]
Intensity 500 W[3]
Range 15 nmi (28 km)[3][5][6]
Characteristic Fl W 10s.[1][6]
Fog signal blast every 30s.[5][6]
Admiralty number E4902[4]
NGA number 17104[4]
ARLHS number TC1YLH[7]
Turkey number TUR-055[7]

Yeşilköy Feneri is a historical lighthouse still in use located on the northern coast of Sea of Marmara at Yeşilköy neighborhood in Istanbul's Bakırköy district, Turkey.

History[edit]

Built in 1856, it was initially called Ayostefanos Feneri (Hagios Stefanos Lighthouse) after the suburb's former name.[3][6]

The lighthouse was commissioned by the Ottoman sultan Abdülmecid I (reigned 1839–1861) in order to provide safe navigation around the shallow waters before the Yeşilköy Point for ships plying the northwestern coast of the Sea of Marmara towards Istanbul.[6] It is situated roughly 14 km (8.7 mi) to the southwest of the southern entrance to the Bosporus.[3]

It was built by French engineers in 1856 in the form of a masonry octagonal prism with two stages. Since the ground at the location is not elevated enough from the sea level, the 16 m (52 ft) tower was constructed on a platform, enabling a focal height of 23 m (75 ft).[3] The structure is painted entirely white.[4] A two-story outbuilding is annexed, that was used as the keeper's living quarters and for administrative purposes. A gallery encircles the tower's lantern room. Atop the tower's cupola, a flag post is erected.[5]

Yeşilköy Lighthouse went in service on January 5, 1857.[2] Initially, it was lit by kerosene, but was later replaced by a Dalén light using carbide (acetylene gas). Nowadays, the light runs on electricity. The lighthouse's lantern has a 500mm catadioptric cylindrical lens and a 500 W light source that flashes every 10 seconds in group. Its white light is visible at a range of 15 nmi (28 km). In foggy conditions, a foghorn sounds every 30 seconds to warn of the hazardous area.[3][5][6]

The lighthouse is listed in Turkey under the code "TUR 055" and its radio call sign is TC1YLH.[7] It is maintained by the Coastal Safety Authority (Turkish: Kıyı Emniyeti Genel Müdürlüğü) of the Ministry of Transport and Communication.[3] The lighthouse underwent restoration in the years 1945, 1971 and 1988.[6]

The outbuilding of the lighthouse was converted into a fish and seafood restaurant, which can host 100 guests in the main hall and 40 people in the conservatory. Furthermore, 150 customers can dine on an open-air terrace in the summer months.[8]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Toroslu, M. Vefa. "Denizciye Göz Kırpan Sevdalar-Debiz Fenerleri" (PDF) (in Turkish). DTO İzmir. Retrieved 2010-09-14. 
  2. ^ a b "Deniz Fenerleri-Yeşilköy Feneri" (in Turkish). Balılçı Forum. Retrieved 2010-09-14. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Historical Lighthouses-Yeşilköy Lighthouse". Ministry of Transport-Directorate General of Coastal Safety. Retrieved 2010-09-15. 
  4. ^ a b c d Rowlett, Russ. "Lighthouses of Northwestern Turkey". The Lighthouse Directory. University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. Retrieved 2010-09-15. 
  5. ^ a b c d "Yeşilköy Feneri". Kent Haber (in Turkish). 2009-06-03. Retrieved 2010-09-14. 
  6. ^ a b c d e f g "Yeşilköy" (in Turkish). istanbul.com. Retrieved 2010-09-14. 
  7. ^ a b c "Marmara Lighthouses On The Air (MLOTA) Award by TCSWAT" (PDF). TCSWAT. Retrieved 2010-09-15. 
  8. ^ "Fener Lokantası" (in Turkish). hangirestoran.com. Retrieved 2014-09-29. 

External links[edit]