|Born||Yevgeny Alexandrovich Morgunov
April 27, 1927
|Died||June 25, 1999(aged 72)|
|Awards||Meritorious Artist of Russian SFSR (1978)|
Yevgeny Alexandrovich Morgunov (Russian: Евге́ний Алекса́ндрович Моргуно́в; April 27, 1927 – June 25, 1999) was a Soviet and Russian actor, film director, and script writer, Meritorious Artist of Russian SFSR (1978).
He started out as a worker in a Moscow factory, but - "a little naive and obsessed with becoming an actor" - he wrote a letter to Joseph Stalin about his dream. Morgunov reportedly received a reply from Stalin that said that a place was allocated for him in the acting class at the State Institute of Cinematography. Morgunov launched his film career while still a student.
Yevgeny Morgunov was one of Russia's leading comic actors. "Plump and bald," Morgunov often "represented a traditional character of Soviet satire - Byvaly, or Experienced, a slightly dull, strong-built drunk whose attempts to commit petty crimes always failed."
Although his acting career was not limited to comedies, he was best known for his work in a comic trio in a series of films by Leonid Gaidai, with Yuri Nikulin as Fool (Balbes), and Georgy Vitsin as Coward (Trus). Their best-known films together were Operation Y and Other Shurik's Adventures and Prisoner of the Caucasus, or Shurik's New Adventures. Morgunov's character named Experienced (Byvaly) was always the "tight-lipped and aggressive leader of the group". Reportedly, "the three symbolized exactly what Soviet men were not supposed to be - drunk, unemployed and inclined toward mischief." In one of the legendary scenes in Prisoner of the Caucasus Experienced gives lessons on how to dance the twist - by putting out cigarette butts with his feet.
However, after his triumphant role of “Byvaly” Morgunov was not much into filming. His best works included those in films Three Fat Men (Tri tolstyaka) (1966), Ilf and Petrov Went by Tram (Ekhali v tramvaye Ilf i Petrov) (1972). There were also other, less noteworthy roles. Morgunov also tried his wings as a film director. As early as 1962, he directed the comedy When the Cossacks Weep (Kogda Kazaki plachut) under the patronage of the illustrious writer Michail Sholokhov. However, the film remained his only director’s work.
- Six P.M. (1944)
- It Happened in the Donbass (1945)
- The Young Guard (1948)
- Brave People (1950)
- Hostile Whirlwinds (1953)
- Othello (1955)
- Destiny of a Man (1959)
- Resurrection (1960)
- Dog Barbos and Unusual Cross (1961)
- Scarlet Sails (1961)
- Bootleggers (1961)
- Give me a complaints book (1965)
- Operation Y and Shurik's Other Adventures (1965)
- Three Fat Men (1966)
- Kidnapping, Caucasian Style (1967)
- As Ilf and Petrov rode a tram (1972)
- Unbelievable Adventures of Italians in Russia (1973)
- Circus in the Circus (1976)
- The Pokrovsky Gate (1982)
- Yeralash (1984)
- «Я человек скромный, несмотря на свою порядочность»
- Soviet-Era Comic Screen Legend Dies. Valeria Korchagina. The Moscow Times. No. 1738. June 29, 1999.