Yi Ik (born 1681)

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Yi Ik
Yi Ik Tomb 004.jpg
One of the structures in the Tomb of Yi Ik
Korean name
Hangul 이익
Hanja 李瀷
Revised Romanization I Ik
McCune–Reischauer I Ik
Pen name
Hangul 성호
Hanja 星湖
Revised Romanization Seongho
McCune–Reischauer Sŏngho
Courtesy name
Hangul 자신
Hanja 子新
Revised Romanization Jasin
McCune–Reischauer Chasin

Seongho Yi Ik (1681–1763) was a Korean Neo-Confucian scholar, early Silhak philosopher and social critic. He was born to a yangban family of the Yeoju Yi clan. His one disciple of Yi Seo-woo, was Misu Heo Mok and Baikho Yun-hyu's school disciples. second cousin of Yu Hyeong-won. Like most in his position, he studied for the gwageo in order to gain a position of rank; but failed in his first attempt in 1705. Shortly thereafter, his elder brother Yi Jam was beaten to death as part of the Lady Jang incident, and Yi lost interest in government service.

Yi Ik followed in Yu Hyeong-won line of thought extending in this work Seongho Saseol, which covers subjects as government, economy, and the family, and makes detailed proposals for reordering each aspect of Joseon society. His most famous work was Record of Concern for the Underprivileged which lays down the cardinal principles of reform ideas. As Yi attracted many disciples, Silhak gradually emerged as Joseon dynasty's dominant school of thought.

He was born in Ansan in 1681. In 1967 a monument to him, "Tomb of Yi Ik" was erect there, next to a museum celebrating his life and works.

Work book[edit]

  • Seonghosaseol(성호사설 星湖僿說)
  • SeonghoMunjip(성호문집 星湖文集)
  • Yijasueo(이자수어 李子粹語)
  • Seonghojilseo(성호질서 星湖疾書)
  • Kwakwurock(곽우록 藿憂錄)

See also[edit]

External links[edit]