Ansan

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For other uses, see Ansan (disambiguation).
Ansan
안산시
Specific city
Korean transcription(s)
 • Hangul
 • Hanja
 • Revised Romanization Ansan-si
 • McCune-Reischauer Ansan-shi
Ansan City Hall.jpg
Official logo of Ansan
Emblem of Ansan
Location in South Korea
Location in South Korea
Coordinates: 37°19′0″N 126°50′0″E / 37.31667°N 126.83333°E / 37.31667; 126.83333Coordinates: 37°19′0″N 126°50′0″E / 37.31667°N 126.83333°E / 37.31667; 126.83333
Country  South Korea
Region Sudogwon
City status 1986
Administrative divisions 2 gu, 25 dong
Area
 • Total 149.39 km2 (57.68 sq mi)
Elevation 139 m (456 ft)
Population (July 31, 2013)
 • Total 761,445
 • Density 5,100/km2 (13,000/sq mi)
 • Dialect Seoul
Postal code 425020-426910
Area code(s) (+82) 31
Bird Dove
Flower Rose
Tree Ginkgo
Website www.iansan.net/

Ansan is a city in Gyeonggi Province, South Korea. It lies southwest of Seoul, and is part of the Seoul National Capital Area. It is connected to Seoul by rail via Seoul Subway Line 4. Ansan is situated on the Yellow Sea coast and some islands lie within its jurisdiction. The largest and best-known of these is Daebu Island. Several higher learning institutions are located in Ansan. They include Ansan University, Ansan College of Technology, Seoul Institute of the Arts, and the ERICA campus of Hanyang University. The Korea Transportation Safety Authority, a government agency, is also headquartered in Ansan.[1] [clarification needed] With its high number of foreign workers, Wongokbon-dong has been designated a multicultural area.[2] On November 11, 2009, Ansan city hall became the first in South Korea to operate round-the-clock.[clarification needed][3]

History[edit]

Ancient Era. The first humans in Ansan were in the New Stone Age, and many shell middens and prehistoric remains are found at Oido, Sihwaho, Chojidong and Daebudo.[4][5] In the Seonbu-dong and Wolpi-dong area, over 10 stone dolmen tombs can be found.[6] Also in 1995, Old Stone Age relics were found while constructing the Seohaean Expressway.[7][8] Most dolmens in Ansan are north dolmen, but the dolmen in Seonbu-dong is table-shaped and another table-shaped tomb was found in Hakon-dong, Gwangmyeong. There are many ancient relices found in the city.[9][10]

Three Kingdoms and Goryeo Era. Not much evidence or antiquities survive from the Proto-Three Kingdoms and Samhan periods are in Ansan and nearby areas.[11] The Mahan confederacy in Chen Shou in Records of the Three Kingdoms preserves writings about the chiefdom state.[9][12] Ansan was in communion with Baekje but very little has been saved.

In the Later Three Kingdoms era, the Ansan area was owned by Taebong (also known as Hugoguryeo, "Later Goguryeo") in Silla Hyogong's 4th year (AD 900). [13] After then, Gung Ye, who was ruler of Taebong, was overthrown by Wang Geon, and the Ansan area was turned over to Goryeo, founded by Wang Geon. First the Gung Ye Ganggu-gun was changed to Ansan-gun but the state of the military was preserved.

Joseon Era. Ansan belonged to Gyeonggijwa-do (left Gyeonggi province) in the Joseon dynasty. Taejo's 5th year (AD 1396), Ansan-eoso (meaning Ansan fishery) that is now under direct control of a detached building of Saongwon (the Department of foods and meals in the Joseon dynasty) was set up.[14] After Gyeonggijwa-do and Gyeonggiwo-do (right Gyeonggi province) were unified in Teajong's 2nd year (AD 1402), Ansan was still called Ansan. Under Teajong's 13th (1413), the whole country was detached into eight provinces.

Modern Era. Until 1914, Ansan City and the southern part of today's Siheung city consisted of Ansan County. In 1914, Ansan County was annexed to Siheung County. This region produced high quality salt from ancient times and valuable marine products. Ansan was then a fishing village.[15] In 1986, several towns of Hwaseong county became incorporated, representing the beginning of Ansan as a city. With currently over 700,000 residents, Ansan now has two distinct and separate districts:[16] Danwon, which has 12 dongs as of 2009, and Sangnok, with 13.

Geography[edit]

Ansan is located in the southwest of Gyeonggi Province and is situated on the coast of the Yellow Sea (locally called West Sea), at 37°19′N 126°50′E / 37.317°N 126.833°E / 37.317; 126.833. Portions of various Yellow Sea islands lie within its jurisdiction. The largest and best-known of these is Daebu Island.

Ansan Canal
Blossoms near Ansan Canal
Ansan Downtown at Night

Located at the south of the city are Daebudo and Pungdo. Kwonsun, Gunpo, and Anyang are located in the east of Ansan. The Yellow Sea to the west, Hwaseong to the south, and Siheung to the north are other boundaries.

Transportation[edit]

Railway[edit]

The Ansan Line is a major rail line in Ansan. The Ansan Line is part of the Seoul Metropolitan Subway as Line 4. Service connects to Oido and Songdo in Incheon. The subway is also connected to the public bus system in Ansan. Previously, the first railroad in the city was the Suin Line which was opened by Korea under Japanese rule.

(Gunpo) ← BanwolSangnoksuHanyang Univ. at AnsanJungangGojanChojiSingiloncheon → (Siheung)

Future expansion[edit]

The Suin Line connecting Suwon to Incheon is set to expand in 2016 when the route from Suwon will connect at Hanyang Univ. at Ansan.[17]

(Hwaseong) ← SariHanyang Univ. at AnsanJungangGojanChojiAnsanSingiloncheon → (Siheung)

Bus[edit]

Ansan Bus Terminal

The Ansan Bus Terminal (KO:안산종합버스터미널) near Ansan Station provides daily bus service to Incheon International Airport and most cities in South Korea. Buses travel via Gimpo International Airport and Incheon International Airport. Express buses to Iksan, Dongdaegu, and Gwangju are also available.[18] Near Sangnoksu Station are buses going to Suwon Station and Gangnam Station. Ansan has 53 bus lines with 537 buses operating in and out of the city limits, connecting the city with Seoul and other outlying Gyeonggi cities. The Ansan transfer center also has express city buses, city buses and intercity buses to link to Banwal industrial estate, Sihaw lake and nearby cities.

Public institutions[edit]

The Korea Transportation Safety Authority, a government agency of South Korea, is headquartered in Ansan.[1]

  • Korea Institute of Ocean Science & Technology
  • Korea Electrotechnology Research Institute
  • Metropolitan Air Quality Management Office
  • Korea Institute of Industrial Technology, Kyeonggi Province Technology Ansan Center
  • Korea Testing Laboratory, Ansan Center

Administrative districts[edit]

The administrative district of Ansan is parted into 25 Dong, 1187 Tong and 5884 Ban. The extent of Ansan is 149.06㎢ (Sangrok-gu : 57.83㎢ Danwon-gu : 91.23㎢). The population standard was 281,829 households and 761,279 people at the end of 2012, of which the Korean citizen population was 715,108 with 43,465 foreigners recorded.[19]

Map of Ansan-si district


Borough Administrative Dong Chinese character extent household population
Sangrok-gu
常綠區
Il-dong 一洞 2.41 11,215 27,580
I-dong 二洞 2.44 13,884 30,395
Sa 1-dong 四洞 2.36 16,749 39,594
Sa 2-dong 3.65 12,740 36,395
Sa 3-dong 3.68 7,147 20,835
Bono-dong 本五洞 6.45 17,589 43,811
Bono-2 dong 0.82 12,300 33,038
Bono-3 dong 1.1 9,992 25,268
Bugok-dong 釜谷洞 6.22 8,832 22,775
Wolpi-dong 月陂洞 5.54 17,394 46,734
Seongpo-dong 聲浦洞 1.7 9,767 30,250
Banwol-dong 半月洞 13.16 8,077 21,122
Ansan-dong 安山洞 8.36 3,842 10,026
Danwon-gu
檀園區
Wadong 瓦洞 3.23 19,372 46,755
Gojan-1 dong 古棧洞 1.75 9,282 24,548
Gojan-2 dong 1.87 9,650 25,465
Hosu dong 湖水洞 2.48 14,723 45,093
Wongok-dong 元谷洞 8.12 14,884 49,007
Wongok-1 dong 0.95 4,399 16,034
Wongok-2 dong 0.56 5,323 17,058
Choji-dong 草芝洞 21.16 17,720 55,351
Seonbu-1 dong 仙府洞 0.86 7,544 20,179
Seonbu-2 dong 2.07 11,619 27,390
Seonbu-3 dong 5.81 13,774 37,439
Dea-bu dong 大阜洞 42.37 3,614 7,384

Education[edit]

Ansan had the Hyanggyo of national education organization of the country throughout the Joseon Dynasty and Goryeo. Institutions of higher learning located in Ansan include Ansan University, Ansan College of Technology, Seoul Institute of the Arts, and the ERICA campus of Hanyang University.

List of universities in Ansan:

There are 24 high schools, 29 middle schools, 54 elementary schools and 96 kindergartens in the city.[21] Danwon High School in Ansan was particularly affected by the Sinking of the MV Sewol in 2014 as a large number of the passengers were students from the school, and city streets featured many ribbon memorials and other markers and ceremonies for the disaster.

Economy[edit]

Because Ansan is a planned city built behind the Ansan Smart Hub following the government's industrial planning, the proportion of agriculture in Ansan industry is very low. Meanwhile, as the government intensively drove a manufacturing industry plan in the Ansan area before Ansan was built, many people work in the manufacturing industry. There are two national industrial complexes, Banwol and Sihwa, as well as the local Banwol plating industrial complex.

Cultural institutions[edit]

Ansan has many museums and galleries, such as the Ansan Culture and Arts Center, Seongho Memorial Hall, Danwon Sculpture Park, and Hwarang Public Garden. Ansan has run city bus tours for cultural heritage sightseeing since 2008.[22][23][24][25][26]

  • Ansan Art Museum (also known as the Gyeonggi Museum of Art)
  • Ansan Botanical Garden[27][28]
  • Ansan Cultural Center[29][30]
  • Ansan Culture and Arts Center[29][31]
  • Ansan Lighthouse[32]
  • Ansan Sled Park[29]
  • Choi Yong-sin Memorial Hall[33]
  • Fishing Village Folk Museum[34]
  • Gyeonggi English Village Ansan Camp[29]
  • Olympic Memorial Hall[29]
  • Seongho Memorial Hall[35]
  • Upo Sobeol Museum

Events[edit]

The Jet-mer-ri village deity is held every year in Jet-mer-ri shrine to the village deity from 1984, and since 1987 the Beal-Mang-Sung art festival is held. Also, since 1991 the Danwon art festival and since 1996 the Sung-ho cultural festival is held. The Ansan Street Arts Festival is held in Ansan Culture Square in May since 2005. Other festivals in Ansan include:

  • Ansan Kim Hong-do Festival (September)
  • Byeolmangseong Art Festival (September)
  • Seongho Cultural Festival (May)
  • Ansan Street Arts Festival(May)
  • Ansan Daebu Island: The scent of ocean tulip festival (April)
  • Ansan Valley Rock Festival (July)

Historical monuments[edit]

Parks and natural landmarks[edit]

In the past Ansan had fewer attractions due to its industrial and fishing roots, but the east side of the city has recently experienced several beautification projects. The canal systems which bisect the city have bicycling and walking paths, and are covered with roses, tulips, and cherry blossoms in spring. A community bicycle system sponsored by the city is also available for park access and riding.

Ansan is home to several parks, including:

Ansan canal through trees
Ansan Canal, South Korea
Ansan Dutch Garden Roses

Sports[edit]

Large and small stadiums have been founded from the 1990s on in Ansan.[46] Major sports events in the city take place at the Ansan Wa~ Stadium.[47][48]

The city is home to Shinhan Bank S-Bird Woman’s Basketball Team (member of the Women's Korean Basketball League)[49] It was also a home to the now-defunct National League soccer club Ansan Hallelujah.

Department stores[edit]

There are several large department stores, such as Lotte Department Store, 2001 Outlet and New-CoRE Outlet. The 2001 Outlet was changed to NC department store in November 2013.[50] The usual selection of E-mart and Home Plus department stores is also found.

TV and Movies[edit]

The pension complex on Daebu Island is used as a location for dramas such as Boys Over Flowers (TV series) and A Man Called God[51]

Sister cities[edit]

Sister cities (foreign cities)[edit]

Sister cities (domestic cities)[edit]

Friendly Cooperation Cities[edit]

Government offices[edit]

Mayors[edit]

  • 1st - Jeon Chang-seon (January 1, 1986 ~ February 10, 1988)
  • 2nd - Jang Ui-jin (February 11, 1988 ~ June 4, 1988)
  • 3rd - Lee Sang-yong (June 5, 1988 ~ December 26, 1989)
  • 4th - Lee Soo-yeong (December 27, 1989 ~ January 2, 1992)
  • 5th - Cho Gun-ho (January 3, 1992 ~ January 10, 1993)
  • 6th - Kim Tae-su (January 11, 1993 ~ October 5, 1994)
  • 7th - Choi Soon-sik (October 5, 1994 ~ June 30, 1995)
  • 8th - Song Jin-sub (July 1, 1995 ~ June 30, 1998)
  • 9th - Park Sung-gyu (July 1, 1998 ~ June 30, 2002)
  • 10th - Song Jin-sub (July 1, 2002 ~ June 30, 2006)
  • 11th - Park Joo-won (July 1, 2006 ~ June 30, 2010)
  • 12th - Kim Chul-min (July 1, 2010 ~ June 30, 2014)
  • 13th - Je Jong-gil (July 1, 2014 ~ )

Famous people from Ansan[edit]

  • Actors : Kim Sung-eun, Hong su-a, Jung Woong-in, Lee Chung-ah, Lee Tae-sung
  • Models : Hye Park
  • Comic actors : Kang Sung-bum (appearances in KBS Gag Concerts)
  • Singers : Lee Ji-hyun
  • Pro-gamers : Jun Tae-yang
  • Baseball players : Kim Kwang-hyun (SK Wyverns), Kim Min-Woo (Nexen Heroes)
  • Cartoonists : Lee Mal Nyeon[53]

Exchanges[edit]

  • Council of the National Multicultural City
  • Council of the National Lifelong Learning City
  • Metropolitan mayor nationwide council

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Home page. Korea Transportation Safety Authority. Retrieved on June 9, 2009.
  2. ^ 그 곳에 가면 외국의 축제가 있다 kung yang news, 2009-06-02.
  3. ^ 안산 전국 첫 ‘야간시청’ 운영 Kung yang news, 2009년 10.28
  4. ^ Sin(신), Daegwang(대광) (2010). 청소년을 위한 안산 역사 이야기. 부민문화사. ISBN 978-89-385-0118-9. 
  5. ^ "시민의 힘으로 일구어 낸 '시흥 오이도 유적' (Korean)". OhmyNews. 1 April 2002. Retrieved 17 November 2013. 
  6. ^ Hanyang Univercity (2002). "안산시의 역사와 문화유적". 한양대학교 문화재연구소총서 (Institude Of Cultural Properties, Hanyang Univercity) 4: 28. Retrieved 5 November 2013.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  7. ^ 안산시 및 한양대학교 (2002년), 28쪽
  8. ^ 단국대학교 중앙박물관 (1995년), 〈구석기 유적 조사 보고〉, 《서해안 고속도로 건설구간(안산-안중 간) 유적 발굴조사 보고서(2)》에서.
  9. ^ a b 안산시 및 한양대학교 (2002년), 29쪽.
  10. ^ 한양대학교 박물관 (1997년), 《광명 가학동 지석묘 발굴조사보고》에서.
  11. ^ Hanyang Univercity (2002). "안산시의 역사와 문화유적". 한양대학교 문화재연구소총서 (Institude Of Cultural Properties, Hanyang Univercity) 4: 29. Retrieved 5 November 2013.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  12. ^ 이병도 (1959년), 《한국사 - 고대편》에서.
  13. ^ Hanyang Univercity (2002). "안산시의 역사와 문화유적". 한양대학교 문화재연구소총서 (Institude Of Cultural Properties, Hanyang Univercity) 4: 31. Retrieved 5 November 2013.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  14. ^ Hanyang Univercity (2002). "안산시의 역사와 문화유적". 한양대학교 문화재연구소총서 (Institude Of Cultural Properties, Hanyang Univercity) 4: 32. Retrieved 5 November 2013.  |first1= missing |last1= in Authors list (help)
  15. ^ Shin(신), Chong-il(정일) (2004). Rewirted Tʻaengniji(다시 쓰는 택리지) (1-pʻan. ed.). Sŏul-si: Humanist. ISBN 9788989899808. 
  16. ^ Provisional changes including Guri city and 11 cities and counties and permission of modification naming Naju.(1985.12.28.) from Constitution of the Republic of Korea
  17. ^ "수인선 전철 안산 구간 29일 착공 - 경기신문". Kgnews.co.kr. Retrieved 2013-05-13. 
  18. ^ "안산". Ansan-busterminal.co.kr. Retrieved 2013-05-13. 
  19. ^ 안산시의 일반현황
  20. ^ "External page of Seoul Institute of the Arts". 
  21. ^ "Ansan-si Hyeonhwang". 
  22. ^ "Ansan Cultural Center_Official Website". 
  23. ^ 공식 홈페이지.
  24. ^ "안산시티투어로 안산여행 함께 떠나요" Dailian, 2008.6.20.
  25. ^ 안산시 4월부터 '시티투어' 재개 Yonhapnews, 2009.3.27
  26. ^ 안산시, 관광명소 일일여행 '시티투어' 운행 Economy.hankooki, 2010.3.23
  27. ^ "Official Site of Korea Tourism Org.: Ansan Botanical Garden (안산식물원)". Visitkorea.or.kr. Retrieved 2013-06-14. 
  28. ^ "::Welcome to Ansan City::". Ansan.iansan.net. Retrieved 2013-06-14. 
  29. ^ a b c d e f g h i "::Welcome to Ansan City::". Ansan.iansan.net. Retrieved 2013-06-14. 
  30. ^ "Official Site of Korea Tourism Org.: Ansan Cultural Center (안산문화원)". Visitkorea.or.kr. Retrieved 2013-06-14. 
  31. ^ "Official Site of Korea Tourism Org.: Ansan Culture & Arts Center (안산문화예술의전당)". Visitkorea.or.kr. Retrieved 2013-06-14. 
  32. ^ "::Welcome to Ansan City::". Ansan.iansan.net. Retrieved 2013-06-14. 
  33. ^ http://www.iansan.net/english/tourGuide/trace/ChoiYongsin.jsp?menuId=01014016
  34. ^ "Light House". Ansan.iansan.net. Retrieved 2013-06-14. 
  35. ^ "Official Site of Korea Tourism Org.: Seongho Memorial Hall (성호기념관)". Visitkorea.or.kr. Retrieved 2013-06-14. 
  36. ^ http://ansan.iansan.net/english/04_sub/body02_5.asp
  37. ^ http://ansan.iansan.net/english/04_sub/body02_3.asp
  38. ^ http://ansan.iansan.net/english/04_sub/body02_2.asp
  39. ^ http://ansan.iansan.net/english/04_sub/body02_1.asp
  40. ^ "::Welcome to Ansan City::". Ansan.iansan.net. Retrieved 2013-06-14. 
  41. ^ "::Welcome to Ansan City::". Ansan.iansan.net. Retrieved 2013-06-14. 
  42. ^ "::Welcome to Ansan City::". Ansan.iansan.net. Retrieved 2013-06-14. 
  43. ^ "Official Site of Korea Tourism Org.: Sihwaho Lake Reed Marsh Park (시화호 갈대습지공원)". Visitkorea.or.kr. Retrieved 2013-06-14. 
  44. ^ "::Welcome to Ansan City::". Ansan.iansan.net. Retrieved 2013-06-14. 
  45. ^ "Digital Ansan culture encyclopedia". 
  46. ^ 2010년 기준 안산시의 체육 시설들
  47. ^ 웅장한 모습 '안산종합운동장' newsis, 2006.11.1
  48. ^ 안산 '와~스타디움' 오늘 공식 개장 Yonhap News Agency, 2007.3.28
  49. ^ "::Welcome to Ansan City::". Ansan.iansan.net. Retrieved 2013-06-14. 
  50. ^ "NC백화점 안산점 불법 '솜방망이 처벌'". daily kyeoungin. 2014-03-04. 
  51. ^ 안산 대부도, 드라마 촬영 명소 유럽풍 펜션 '인기' newsis, 2010.4.10
  52. ^ Partnership
  53. ^ http://www.sisapress.com/news/articleView.html?idxno=52107

External links[edit]