Yield strength anomaly

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In materials science, the yield strength anomaly refers to unusual materials wherein the yield strength (i.e., the stress necessary to initiate plastic yielding) increases with temperature.[1][2][3] For the vast majority of materials the yield strength decreases with increasing temperature.

Precipitation hardening superalloys exhibit yield strength anomaly over a considerable temperature range. For these materials, the yield strength shows little variation between room temperature and several hundred degrees Celsius. Eventually, a maximum yield strength is reached. For ordered intermetallics, this is usually the case at roughly 50% of the absolute melting temperature.[4] For even higher temperatures, the yield strength decreases and, eventually, drops to zero when reaching the melting temperature, where the solid material transforms into a fluid.

The yield strength anomaly is exploited in the design of gas turbines and jet engines that operate at high temperatures, where the materials used are selected based on their paramount yield and creep resistance. Superalloys can withstand high temperature loads far beyond the capabilities of steels.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Liu, J.B.; Johnson, D.D.; Smirnov, A.V. (24 May 2005), "Predicting yield-stress anomalies in L12 alloys: Ni3Ge–Fe3Ge pseudo-binaries", Acta Materialia, 53 (13): 3601–3612, doi:10.1016/j.actamat.2005.04.011
  2. ^ Wua, D.; Baker, I.; Munroe, P.R.; George, E.P. (February 2007), "The yield strength anomaly of single-slip-oriented Fe–Al single crystals", Intermetallics, 15 (2): 103–107, doi:10.1016/j.intermet.2006.03.007
  3. ^ Gornostyrev, Yu. N.; A. F. Maksyutov; O. Yu. Kontsevoi; A. J. Freeman; M. I. Katsnelson; A. V. Trefilov (3 March 2003), "Negative yield stress temperature anomaly and structural stability of Pt3Al", American Physical Society March Meeting 2003, American Physical Society, Bibcode:2003APS..MARD17009G
  4. ^ George, E.P.; Baker, I. (12 August 2009). "A model for the yield strength anomaly of Fe—Al". Philosophical Magazine A. 77 (3): 737–750. doi:10.1080/01418619808224080.