Rabbi Yitzchak Sheilat (Hebrew: יצחק שילת, born Yitzchak Grinshpan; 1946) is an Israeli Orthodox rabbi and scholar of Jewish thought, specializing in the writings of Maimonides and Rabbi Abraham Isaac Kook. He co-founded and serves as a senior faculty member at Yeshivat Birkat Moshe, the Hesder yeshiva of Maale Adumim.
He is a close disciple of Rabbi Tzvi Yehuda Kook. He attended the rabbi's public lectures and studied privately with him for several years, learning the Halakhic and philosophical writings of Rabbi Abraham Isaac Kook. "His influence on me as an educator and teacher was tremendous. We learned from his lectures, from his conduct, from the stories he told. He had a decisive influence on the yeshiva students."
He studied Natural Sciences at the Hebrew University in Jerusalem. Rabbi Tzvi Yehuda Kook's policy, however, was not to allow students to combine yeshiva studies with academic studies; so Sheilat transferred to Yeshivat HaKotel. After completing his degree, he returned to Mercaz HaRav.
During the years that he taught at the yeshiva, he refused to be paid for teaching Torah, following Maimonides' teaching that accepting wages belittles the respect of Torah scholars. Instead, he took a salary as librarian, working in the library for several hours a day and serving the public. In 2016, when Rabbi Nahum Rabinovitch stepped down as rosh yeshiva and asked Sheilat to head the yeshiva, he left his librarian position and began receiving a salary as dean of the yeshiva.
Sheilat is also a disciple of Rabbi Gedaliah Nadel, a prominent student of the Chazon Ish. After Nadel's death in 2004, Sheilat published a compilation of his teachings entitled Betorato shel Rav Gedalia. Sheilat wrote in the preface that everything in the book was approved by Nadel himself. The book, however, was banned by three of the most respected spiritual leaders in the Haredi world, as it seeks to resolve apparent contradictions between science and Torah, accepting Charles Darwin's theory of evolution and other scientific views over biblical literalism.
His opinion regarding religious soldiers ordered to evacuate settlements was that a soldier may not disobey orders.
In 2018, Shilat published a book promoting his legal solution to the problems of Agunah and Get refusal by way of a new regulation (takanah). He argues that the Rabbinical High Court in Israel is for all intents and purposes a "state court", since all marriages and divorces are subject to the authority of the Chief Rabbinate. Imposing a Get (divorce document) by force of the regulation will be completely kosher, and it will be considered a duly enacted divorce.
Sheilat authored definitive editions of the following writings of Maimonides:
- Iggrot ha-Rambam
- Hakdamot ha-Rambam
- Avot im Perush ha-Rambam
In 2009, he authored a new translation of Rabbi Judah Halevi's classic philosophical work, entitled: Sefer Ha-Kuzari: Precise Hebrew Translation in the Style of the Period of Its Composition. He wrote Bein ha-Kuzari le-Rambam in 2010, comparing the philosophical approaches of Maimonides and Rabbi Judah Halevi.
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- Wagner, Matthew (3 November 2005). "PERISH THE THOUGHT Worried haredi rabbis reject two of their own in the struggle between science and God". Jerusalem Post. Retrieved 4 September 2018.
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- "Yehudit Shilat". takana.org.il. Forum Takana. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
- Sheilat, Yitzchak. ""Go up to the Temple Mount, precisely because of its holiness" עלו אל הר הבית, דווקא בשל קדושתו". Makorrishon.co.il. Makor Rishon. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
- Rosman-Stollman, Elisheva (September 1, 2014). For God and Country?: Religious Student-Soldiers in the Israel Defense Forces. Center for Middle Eastern Studies, University of Texas at Austin. p. 153. ISBN 978-0292758513.
- "800 Years Since Death of Maimonides". Israelnationalnews.com. 31 December 2004. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
- Ross, Hanenel (18 June 2018). "מפני תיקון עולם: המטרה – לפתור את בעיית העגונות". Makor Rishon. Retrieved 4 September 2018.