York Buildings Water Tower

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York Buildings Water Tower
The stairs at York Buildings, the Strand; in the background Wellcome V0020242.jpg
Engraving of York Buildings and the Water Tower, c. 1780, by Isaac Taylor
York Buildings Water Tower is located in Central London
York Buildings Water Tower
Location in central London
General information
Status Demolished
Type Water tower
Architectural style Octagonal
Address Villiers Street
Town or city London
Country UK
Coordinates 51°30′28″N 0°07′23″W / 51.507904°N 0.123049°W / 51.507904; -0.123049Coordinates: 51°30′28″N 0°07′23″W / 51.507904°N 0.123049°W / 51.507904; -0.123049
Completed Late 17th century
Height 70 feet (21 m)
Technical details
Material Wood

The York Buildings Waterworks' Water Tower was a water tower on the north bank of the River Thames and a dominant feature of the 18th century London skyline.

The water tower was a wooden structure, 70 feet high[1] (21 metres) and with an octagonal cross-section. It was erected in the late 17th century on a site at the end of Villiers Street, by the York Watergate, now part of the Victoria Embankment Gardens. The Survey of London includes a drawing (plate 31[2] in volume 18[3]) showing the building.

The prominent position and height of the water tower meant it appeared in many paintings and drawings of London's north bank at the time. These include:

Artist Title (date) Gallery/Collection Notes
John Boydell Westminster and the York Buildings Waterworks Palace of Westminster [4]
Canaletto London Seen Through an Arch of Westminster Bridge (1746–47) Syon House [5]
Canaletto London: The Old Horse Guards from St James's Park Tate Gallery L02305 from The Andrew Lloyd Webber Foundation [6]
Canaletto "The Thames at Westminster, London" National Trust, Penrhyn Castle [7]
Joseph Farington The Old Water Tower at York Buildings, Whitehall Victoria and Albert Museum
James Peller Malcolm York Buildings looking towards Westminster with a View of the Water Tower [8]
James Malton The River Thames Looking Towards Westminster with York Water Gate and the York Building Water Works (1797) Tyne & Wear Archives & Museums [9]
William Marlow The London Riverfront from Westminster to the Adelphi (1971–72) Museum of London [10]
Samuel Scott An Arch of Westminster Bridge (c.1750) Tate Gallery T01193 [11]
Samuel Scott An Arch of Old Westminster Bridge (c.1750) Tate Gallery N01223 [12]
After Samuel Scott A View of the Thames with the York Buildings Water Tower Tate Gallery N01328 [13]
After Samuel Scott The Thames with the York Buildings Water Tower National Museums Liverpool, Walker Art Gallery [14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "British Library Collection". British Library. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  2. ^ G. H. Gater and E. P. Wheeler (1937). Survey of London: volume 18: St Martin-in-the-Fields II: The Strand. Institute of Historical Research. pp. 19–21. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  3. ^ G. H. Gater and E. P. Wheeler (1937). Survey of London: volume 18: St Martin-in-the-Fields II: The Strand Plate 31. Institute of Historical Research. pp. 19–21. Retrieved 21 September 2013. 
  4. ^ "Boydell". BBC. Retrieved 15 September 2013. 
  5. ^ "Canaletto". WikiPaintings. Retrieved 16 September 2013. 
  6. ^ "L02305". Tate Gallery. Retrieved 15 September 2013. 
  7. ^ "Canaletto". BBC. Retrieved 16 September 2013. 
  8. ^ "Malcolm". WikiGallery. Retrieved 16 September 2013. 
  9. ^ "Malton". Tyne & Wear Museums. Archived from the original on 16 October 2013. Retrieved 16 September 2013. 
  10. ^ "Marlow". BBC. Retrieved 15 September 2013. 
  11. ^ "T01193". Tate Gallery. Retrieved 15 September 2013. 
  12. ^ "N01223". Tate Gallery. Retrieved 15 September 2013. 
  13. ^ "N01328". Tate Gallery. Retrieved 15 September 2013. 
  14. ^ "Scott". BBC. Retrieved 15 September 2013.