Zabłudów

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Zabłudów
Coat of arms of Zabłudów
Coat of arms
Zabłudów is located in Poland
Zabłudów
Zabłudów
Coordinates: 53°1′N 23°20′E / 53.017°N 23.333°E / 53.017; 23.333
Country Poland
VoivodeshipPodlaskie
CountyBiałystok
GminaZabłudów
Area
 • Total14.3 km2 (5.5 sq mi)
Population
 (2006)
 • Total2,400
 • Density170/km2 (430/sq mi)
Postal code
16-060
Websitehttp://um-zabludow.pbip.pl

Zabłudów ([zaˈbwuduf]; Belarusian: Заблудаў, romanizedZabłudaŭ, Yiddish: זאַבלודאָווע‎, romanizedZabludove) is a town in Białystok County, Podlaskie Voivodeship, in north-eastern Poland. Prior to 1999 it was part of the Białystok Voivodeship (1975–1998).

History of Zabłudów[edit]

Wooden Synagogue of Zabłudów in 1895

The town of Zabłudów was founded in 1553. From 1598 until the beginning of the 19th century it was owned by the Radziwiłł family. In 1654 it was granted Magdeburg municipal rights. In 1659 during the Russian-Polish War it was destroyed by invading Russian forces.[1]

The town was home to a thriving Jewish community for hundreds of years. It was once the location of the notable Zabłudów Synagogue, a wooden synagogue of a type unique to the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, built in 1637. A replica of the Zabłudów synagogue was made in 2004 at the University of Wisconsin in the course study.[2]

In July 1941 during the German occupation of Poland, the Nazis created a ghetto for some 1,800 Polish Jews from the vicinity. On 2 November 1942, the ghetto was liquidated and approximately 1,400 Jews were transported by Holocaust trains to the 10th Cavalry camp near Białystok and from there to the Treblinka extermination camp. Almost all were killed that very same day.[3]

Points of interest[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Maria and Kazimierz Piechotka: Heaven’s Gates. Wooden synagogues in the territories of the former Rzeczpospolita of Poland and Lithuania. Page 558. Polish Institute of World Art Studies & POLIN Museum of the History of Polish Jews, Warschau 2015, ISBN 978-83-942048-6-0. Early history.
  2. ^ "Zabludow Synagogue Project." Handshouse Studio. University of Wisconsin at Milwaukee.
  3. ^ "The Deportation of the Zabludow Jews to Treblinka Death Camp." Archived 2011-09-30 at the Wayback Machine 2003 Tilford Bartman, Jerusalem.

Coordinates: 53°01′N 23°21′E / 53.017°N 23.350°E / 53.017; 23.350