Zabrama

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Zabrama
Забрама (Russian)
-  Rural locality  -
Posyolok[1]
Map of Russia - Bryansk Oblast (2008-03).svg
Location of Bryansk Oblast in Russia
Zabrama is located in Bryansk Oblast
Zabrama
Zabrama
Location of Zabrama in Bryansk Oblast
Coordinates: 52°08′12″N 32°18′08″E / 52.13667°N 32.30222°E / 52.13667; 32.30222Coordinates: 52°08′12″N 32°18′08″E / 52.13667°N 32.30222°E / 52.13667; 32.30222
Administrative status
Country Russia
Federal subject Bryansk Oblast
Administrative district Klimovsky District[1]
Rural settlement Kamenskokhutorsky Rural Settlement[1]
Statistics
Time zone MSK (UTC+03:00)[2]

Zabrama (Russian: Забрама) is a rural locality (a posyolok) in Klimovsky District, Bryansk Oblast, Russia. It is located on the river Snov. A few buildings of Kamenka Assumption Monastery still stand in the village.

History[edit]

Initially the settlement was called Podmonastyrskaya Slobodka (Russian: Подмонастырская Слободка, meaning free settlement close to a monastery).[3] It was situated next to Kamenka Assumption Monastery. The monastery was founded in 1687 and initially was male. In 1764 it was abandoned, but in 1786 restored as a female monastery.

Kamenka Assumption monastery was closed, by the decision of Bryansk Governorate Executive Committee from October 15, 1928. Eventually a start was made on disassembling the stone building and the fence of the monastery for building needs.

After the war, the surviving buildings of the monastery housed an orphanage. In 1954 there was a fire in the orphanage.[4]

In the middle of the twentieth century, Zabrama belonged to kolkhoz Serp i Molot (Russian: Серп и Молот, Sickle and Hammer).[3]

At the beginning of the 21st century, the wooden bridge over the river Snov was in disrepair. A new bridge was built in just one month, and opened October 18, 2012. The new bridge was also wooden.[5]

Geography[edit]

Zabrama is located in the southwest of Bryansk Oblast, just 1 km from the border with Ukraine. The village stands on the right bank of the Snov River. On the opposite bank of the river stands village Skachok. The river is crossed by a wooden single track bridge, that is 96 meters long.[5]

3.5 km to the west from Zabrama stands Kamenskiy Khutor, the center of Kamenskokhutorskoye Rural Settlement, of which Zabrama is a part.

Population[edit]

Historical population
Year Pop.
1926[3] 250
2010[6] 33
2013[7] 27

Although in the middle of the 20th century the popupation of the village was over 200 inhabitants, now the village is almost deserted.

Landmarks[edit]

Surviving buildings and structures of Kamenka Assumption Monastery include:[8]

  • Assumption Cathedral was erected in the second half of the 18th century. It was built in the style of Ukrainian Baroque.[9]
  • Bell tower was erected in the middle of the 19th century. Its architectural style is late classicism with elements of Russian Revival architecture. A fresco depicting the Virgin Mary is preserved in the bell tower.[10]
  • Monastery fence of the second half of the 18th century survived in fragments. Two sections of the fence stand on either side of the bell tower.[11]
  • Surviving tombstones from the monastery cemetery are now stacked near the Assumption Cathedral.[12]

Spring Monakhova Krynitsa (Russian: Монахова криница, monk's well) is located on the opposite side of the river of Snov, just 500 meters from the monastery. The spring has been declared a national natural monument of regional significance.[13]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Распоряжение администрации Брянской области «Об утверждении реестра административно-территориальных единиц...» (in Russian)
  2. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №271-ФЗ от 03 июля 2016 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #271-FZ of July 03, 2016 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  3. ^ a b c Забрама, Брянский край.(in Russian)
  4. ^ История монастыря, Брянский край.(in Russian)
  5. ^ a b Мост через реку Снов, Брянский край.(in Russian)
  6. ^ Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. 10. Численность населения Брянской области, городских округов, муниципальных районов, городских и сельских поселений, городских населённых пунктов, сельских населённых пунктов(in Russian)
  7. ^ Численность населения Брянской области по муниципальным образованиям в разрезе населённых пунктов на 1 января 2013 года. Брянскстат. 2013. 90 стр.(in Russian)
  8. ^ Успенский Каменский монастырь, Брянский край.(in Russian)
  9. ^ Собор Успения, Брянский край.(in Russian)
  10. ^ Колокольня, Брянский край.(in Russian)
  11. ^ Ограда, Брянский край.(in Russian)
  12. ^ Погост, Брянский край.(in Russian)
  13. ^ Святой источник «Монахова криница», Брянский край.(in Russian)