Safiya Zaghloul

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Safiya Zaghloul
Older Zaghloul sister (left) and Safia Zaghloul (right)
Born 1876
Died 1946 (aged 69–70)
Nationality Egyptian
Spouse(s) Saad Zaghloul
Parent(s) Mustafa Fahmi Pasha (father)

Safiya Zaghloul (1876–1946) was an Egyptian political activist. She was among the early leaders of the Wafd Party.


Safiya was born in 1876.[1] She was the daughter of Mustafa Fahmi Pasha, former prime minister[2] who was of Turkish origin. She married Saad Zaghloul in 1896.[3] Zaghloul was the Egyptian revolutionary and Prime Minister of Egypt from 26 January 1924 to 24 November 1924.[4]


After the exile of her spouse in 1919, she became a central figure of the Wafd Party, and her home a center for the party. She organized a demonstration of 500 women. After the death of her spouse in 1927, she was central in the appointment of a new party leader. In fact, she was the leader of the Women's Wafd.[2] She retired from political life after the party split of 1937.

She was known as Umm al-Misriyyin (The Mother of the Egyptians) and her home in Cairo was called as "Bayt al-Umma" (the House of the Nation).[5]


  1. ^ Ahmed Zaki Osman (8 March 2012). "Women's movement: A look back, and forward". Egypt Independent. Retrieved 11 September 2013. 
  2. ^ a b "Women in power". Women leaders guide. Retrieved 11 September 2013. 
  3. ^ Albert Hourani (1962). Arabic Thought in the Liberal Age, 1798-1939. London: Oxford University Press. Retrieved 25 December 2013.  – via Questia (subscription required)
  4. ^ Steven A. Cook (1 September 2011). The Struggle for Egypt: From Nasser to Tahrir Square. Oxford University Press. p. 32. ISBN 978-0-19-979532-1. Retrieved 11 September 2013. 
  5. ^ Nabila Ramdani (2013). "Women in the 1919 Egyptian Revolution: From Feminist Awakening to Nationalist Political Activism". Journal of International Women's Studies. 14 (2): 39–52. Retrieved 28 October 2013.