Zamboanga bulbul

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Zamboanga bulbul
Illustration by Keulemans, 1881
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Pycnonotidae
Genus: Hypsipetes
Species: H. rufigularis
Binomial name
Hypsipetes rufigularis
(Sharpe, 1877)
Hypsipetes rufigularis distribution map.png
  • Hypsipetes philippinus rufigularis
  • Iole rufigularis
  • Ixos rufigularis

The Zamboanga bulbul (Hypsipetes rufigularis) is a songbird species in the bulbul family, Pycnonotidae. It is endemic to the Philippines, where its natural habitat is subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests of Basilan and the Zamboanga Peninsula. It is becoming rare due to habitat loss.[2]

Taxonomy and systematics[edit]

The Zamboanga bulbul was originally described in the genus Hypsipetes and later placed in the genus Ixos. Formerly, some authorities classified the Zamboanga bulbul in the genus Iole and also considered it to be a subspecies of the Philippine bulbul. In 2010, it was returned to the genus Hypsipetes.[3]


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2016). "Hypsipetes rufigularis". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2016: e.T22713182A94363832. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T22713182A94363832.en. Retrieved 15 January 2018. 
  2. ^ BLI (2008)
  3. ^ "Species Version 2 « IOC World Bird List". Retrieved 2017-11-03. 


  • Gregory, Steven M. (2000): Nomenclature of the Hypsipetes Bulbuls (Pycnonotidae). Forktail 16: 164-166. PDF fulltext
  • Moyle, Robert G. & Marks, Ben D. (2006): Phylogenetic relationships of the bulbuls (Aves: Pycnonotidae) based on mitochondrial and nuclear DNA sequence data. Mol. Phylogenet. Evol. 40(3): 687-695. doi:10.1016/j.ympev.2006.04.015 (HTML abstract)
  • Pasquet, Éric; Han, Lian-Xian; Khobkhet, Obhas & Cibois, Alice (2001): Towards a molecular systematics of the genus Criniger, and a preliminary phylogeny of the bulbuls (Aves, Passeriformes, Pycnonotidae). Zoosystema 23(4): 857-863. PDF fulltext