Zapadnaya Litsa (naval base)
Zapadnaya Litsa (Russian: Западная Лица) is the largest and most important Russian naval base built for the Northern Fleet. The base is located far in the north of Russia, on the Litsa Fjord at the westernmost point of the Kola Peninsula. It is about 45 kilometers from the Norwegian border.
The Zapadnaya Litsa Naval Base includes four naval facilities: Malaya Lopatka was the first built and the home port of the later famous Soviet submarine K-3. Others are Andreyeva Bay, Bolshaya Lopatka, and Nerpichya.
In 1958 a settlement was formed close to the first naval base, which was called Zaozerny village. Zaozersk was kept secret and had several different names. It is situated 120 kilometers from Murmansk. A severe climate with changeable temperatures and strong winds, and a long polar night in winter (about 43 days), make it an inhospitable place. A lot of rivers, streams and lakes, rocky ground and swamps characterize the very remoteness of this area.
Today the whole Zapanaya Litsa region is of serious concern due to its widespread radioactive waste deposits.
World War II
Use in other media
- Laurence Rees, World War II Behind Closed Doors, BBC Books, 2009, page 67
- Tomb Raider Chronicles FMV and Cut Scene transcripts