|Born||6 December 1931|
|Died||24 September 1996 (aged 64)|
|Education||Bursa Osmangazi School|
Boğaziçi High School
Istanbul State Academy of Fine Arts
|Genres||Turkish classical music|
Zeki Müren (Turkish pronunciation: [zeˈci ˈmyɾæn]; 6 December 1931 – 24 September 1996) was a Turkish singer, composer, songwriter, actor and poet. Known by the nicknames "The Sun of Art" and "Pasha", he was one of the prominent figures of Turkish classical music. Due to his contributions to the art industry, he was named a "State Artist" in 1991. He was the first singer to receive a gold certification in Turkey and throughout his career recorded and released hundreds of songs on cassettes and phonograph records.
Childhood and education
Müren was born in the Hisar district of Bursa, at the wooden house number 30 on Ortapazar Road as the only child of Kaya and Hayriye Müren. His father was a timber merchant. He was a small and impatient boy. At the age of 11 he was circumcised in Bursa.
Müren went to the Bursa Osmangazi School (later Tophane School and Alkıncı School). When he was at school, his musical ability was discovered by his teachers and he started to have a prominent role at school musicals. His first ever role was the character of a shepherd in one of these musicals.
He finished his secondary school in Bursa and then asked his father to let him go to Istanbul. There he attended the Istanbul Boğaziçi High School. He finished the school and ended up as the number-one student. After passing his exams, he was enrolled at the Istanbul State Academy of Fine Arts (now Mimar Sinan University) where he studied decorative arts from 1950 to 1953.
In 1950, while he was a university student, he took part at TRT Istanbul Radio's music competition and ranked number-one out of 186 contestants. On 1 January 1951, he had his first live performance on Istanbul Radio, which was praised by critics. During this performance, he was accompanied by musicians Hakkı Derman, Serif İçli, Şükrü Tunar, Refik Fersan and Necdet Gezen. Hamiyet Yüceses subsequently called the program and congratulated him on his performance. In those years, TRT Ankara Radio was the most listened radio in Anatolia, and Istanbul Radio could not be heard clearly from all parts of Anatolia. At the same week, the clarinetist Şükrü Tunar, took Müren to his own recording studio in Yeşilköy and he recorded his song "Muhabbet Kuşu" on phonograph record. Thanks to this record, Müren became known all over Anatolia.
After the success of his first live performance and his first record, Müren began to perform different songs on Turkish radios. His radio programs went on air for 15 years, most of which included live performances. Müren subsequently focused on giving concerts and recording new songs. He had his first live concert on 26 May 1955. He would usually wear his self-designed clothes on stage. He brought various innovations such as dressing uniforms and using T podium.
Throughout his career, Müren recorded 600 cassettes and phonograph records. His first song recorded on a phonograph was "Bir Muhabbet Kuşu" by Şükrü Tunar. With his song "Manolyam" in 1955, Müren became the first Turkish artist to receive a gold certification. In 1991, he was chosen as a State Artist.
In 1965, he published a poetry book called Bıldırcın Yağmuru (The Quail Rain), which contains nearly 100 poems. Among the poems featured in this book are Pembe Yağmurlar (Pink Rains), Bursa Sokağı (Bursa Street), İkinci Sadık Dost, Çim Makası, Son Kavga (Last Fight), Bu Bestecikler Sana, Alınyazım, Kazancı Yokuşu and Kendimi Arıyorum.
Zeki Müren never married. In the 1950s, with his special patterns of behavior, dressing and his performance on stage, he managed to keep people constantly interested in himself. In the early years of his career, he chose to wear ordinary clothes and hair styles, but later showed a favor for feminine-styled clothes, and performed with new hair styles and make-up. He never commented on his sexual orientation and occasionally his name appeared alongside that of women. The general opinion was that he was gay.
He was known to speak Turkish with a viscous accent. Referred to as the "Pasha of Music", in 1969, after his Aspendos concert, for the first time, he started being favored by the people of Antalya. He explained that although he was delighted because of their support, he still did not know why he was that much favored. He served as an assistant officer in Ankara Infantry School (6 months), Istanbul Harbiye Representative Office (6 months) and Çankırı (3 months) in 1957–1958. With Onur Akay's suggestion on TRT Music, Müren's date of birth (6 December) has been celebrated as the Turkish Art Music Day since 2012.
Illness and death
During the last 6 years of his life, Müren was away from the scenes and the media due to heart disease and diabetes. He was retired at his house in Bodrum. He described this period as a time for "listening to oneself". On 24 September 1996, during the ceremony held for him at TRT İzmir Television, he had a heart attack and died. His funeral ceremony was attended by a large number of people. His body was taken to his birth place, Bursa, and buried in Emirsultan Cemetery.
He left all his assets in his will to the Turkish Education Foundation and Mehmetçik Foundation. TEV and Mehmetçik Foundation built Zeki Müren Fine Arts Anatolian High School in Bursa in 2002. In a statement on 24 September 2016, TEV Bursa branch president Mehmet Çalışkan said that the foundation had helped 2,631 students with the Zeki Müren Scholarship Fund over the last 20 years.
After his death, the house in which the artist lived in Bodrum for the last years of his life was transformed into Zeki Müren Art Museum by the order of the Ministry of Culture and was opened to the public on 8 June 2000. It was visited by more than 200 thousand people between its opening on 8 June 2000 and December 2006.
In popular culture
- Albums published during his lifetime
|Album||Release date||Sales||Record company||Notes|
|Senede Bir Gün||1970|
|Pırlanta 1||1973||Emre Grafson Plak|
|Pırlanta 2||1973||Emre Grafson|
|Pırlanta 3||1973||Emre Grafson|
|Pırlanta 4||1973||Emre Grafson|
|Güneşin Oğlu||1976||Odeon Plak|
|Nazar Boncuğu||1978||Elenor Plak|
|Gözlerin Doğuyor Gecelerime||1988||Yavuz&Burç|
|Hem Okudum Hem Yazdım||1951|
|Asmalar Kol Uzatmış||1951|
|Gönlümün Baharı Bir Gün Açacak||1953|
|Ruhumda Yine Aşk Bestesi Var||1955|
|Yiğidin Alnına Yazılan Gelir||1957|
|Karanlık Geceler Beklerim Yolunu||1957|
|Bende Hicran Yarasından||1958|
|Gözlerinin İçine Başka Hayal Girmesin||1958|
|Züğürt: Nem Alacak Felek Benim||1959|
|Senden Ayrı Günlerimde||1962|
|Renk Almış İpek Saçların||1962|
|İki Damla Gözyaşı||1970|
|Hayat Kumarı / Mahpushane||1973||45s|
|Nasıl İçmem Arkadaşım||1977||45s|
|Kandil / Mutluluğun Sırrı||1986||45s|
|Madem Derdimi Sordun Dinlemeye Mecbursun||1987|
|Aşk Kurbanı||1998||45s||Published posthumously|
|Yemen Türküsü||2016||Published posthumously|
|Biz Ayrılamayız||2018||Published posthumously|
|Günah Defteri / Hasret Ateşi||2018||45s||Published posthumously|
|Su Akar Şırıl Şırıl||2018||Published posthumously|
|Sus Kalbim Sus||2018||Published posthumously|
|Canım Benim Gülüm Benim||2018||Published posthumously|
|The phrase "45s" indicates that the singles were published as vinyl records.|
|Taş Plak Klasikleri||2019|
Albums released abroad
|The Best of Zeki Müren Love Songs Folk Songs Popular Songs of İstanbul||1964||Balkan Records|
|The Golden Voice of Zeki Müren||1964||Balkan Records|
|Latest Hits of Zeki Müren||1964||Balkan Records|
|The Golden Voice Zeki Müren||1964||Balkan Records|
|Zeki Müren Altın Sesli The Golden Voice||1964||Balkan Records|
|Biz Ayrılamayız||1998||He sang with Muazzez Abacı.|
Albums released posthumously
- 2000: Muazzez Abacı ve Zeki Müren Düet
- 2002: Zeki Müren: 1955-1963 Kayıtları
- 2005: Selahattin Pınar Şarkıları
- 2005: Sadettin Kaynak Şarkıları
- 2006: Batmayan Güneş
- 2008: Baş Başa Radyo Günleri 1
- 2008: Baş Başa Radyo Günleri 2
- 2008: Baş Başa Radyo Günleri 3
- 2009: Lunapark Konseri
- 2009: Saklı Kayıtlar 1952-1984
In addition to these, there are 12 other albums attributed to Zeki Müren published during 1968–1974 by Grafson Plak.
International titles are given in parentheses.
|Orhon Murat Arıburnu, Sami Ayanoğlu, Cahide Sonku||Yes||Zeki||His only movie with Cahide Sonku.|||
(The Last Musical Composition)
|Arşavir Alyanak||Yes||Zeki Müren|||
|Osman F. Seden||Yes||Yes||Bedri|||
|Osman F. Seden||Yes||Yes|
(The Broken Disk)
|Osman F. Seden||Yes||Yes||Yes||Zeki Müren||Work in the Credits: Zeki Müren is mentioned. The screenplay is Bülent Oran.|
|Osman F. Seden||Yes||Yes|
|1962||Hayat Bazen Tatlıdır
(Sometimes Life Is Enjoyable)
|Osman F. Seden||Yes||Yes||Zeki|
|Nejat Saydam||Yes||Fındık Ali|
(Pavements of Istanbul)
|1965||Hep O Şarkı
(Always That Song)
(The Wedding Night)
|Osman F. Seden||Yes|
|Osman F. Seden||Yes||Zeki|
|1968||İstanbul'da Cümbüş Var
(There is a Revel in Istanbul)
|Sırrı Gültekin||Yes||Zeki Müren|||
|1968||Kâtip (Üsküdara Giderken)
|Safa Önal||Yes||Yes||Zeki Müren|
(Owner of my Heart)
|1970||Aşktan da Üstün
(Fallen Out Of Love)
Like A Dream
|1975||Deli Deli Tepeli
(Crazy Crazy Crested)
|Clips he has appeared in or songs dedicated to him|
|2002||Aziza Mustafa Zadeh||Ayrılık||Shamans||In an interview she said she is a fan of Zeki Müren.|
|2006||Nil Karaibrahimgil||Bu mudur?||Tek Taşımı Kendim Aldım||In his video, she included the scenes with Zeki Müren.|
- "BBC Türkçenin Zeki Müren mülakatı, 1983" (in Turkish). BBC. Archived from the original on 14 July 2013. Retrieved 30 April 2014.
- Sultan Uçar (15 September 2013). "Gizli kasadaki Zeki Müren". HABERTÜRK. Retrieved 31 December 2013.
- "Hangi Zeki Müren şarkısı duygularınızı en iyi ifade ediyor?". CNNTÜRK TV. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 18 April 2013.
- "Devlet sanatçılığına iptal". NTVMSNBC. Retrieved 31 December 2013.
- Ismet Göksel Berber (26 September 1996). "Zeki Müren Kimdir?". bilgiustam.com. Archived from the original on 1 June 2016. Retrieved 16 January 2016.
"Eserleri hakkında". Türkiye Gazetesi. 26 Eylül 1996. ve İnternet
- "TRT - Anasayfa". TRT.
- "Batmayan Güneş Zeki Müren" documentary. Publisher: Kürşat Özkök. TRT. Release date: 10–12 September 1996.
- "Maksim Gazinosu sahnelerinde aralıksız 11 yıl Behiye Aksoy ile dönüşümlü olarak sahne almış olan TSM.mizin unutulmaz sanat güneşi kimdir?". Mynet. Archived from the original on 4 February 2015. Retrieved 31 December 2013.
- ARŞİV ODASI: Zeki Müren, 1976 - BBC TÜRKÇE. BBC Türkçe. YouTube. Archived from the original on 13 December 2021. Retrieved 4 February 2015.
- Emel Gülcan (24 September 2014). "Sanat Güneşi Zeki Müren'in İlklerle Dolu Rengârenk Hayatı". ListeList.com. Archived from the original on 8 December 2015.
- "1991 Yılında Seçilen Devlet Sanatçıları". T.C. Kültür ve Turizm Bakanlığı. Archived from the original on 8 March 2016. Retrieved 4 April 2010.
- "Eserleri hakkında". Türkiye Newspaper. 26 September 1996.
- Zeki Müren'e Sarıyer'de "çakma aşk" Aykut Işıklar. Sariyerhaber.com. Retrieved: 15 April 2012
- Sefa Kaplan (15 October 2011). "Türkiye Zeki Müren'dir". Hürriyet. Retrieved 19 January 2012.
- Shidfar, Farhad (2005). "Gay musicians in Turkey". International Forum of Psychoanalysis, vol. 14(3–4) 224–226, Routledge, part of the Taylor & Francis Group
- Yasemin Bozkurt röportajı, 1985 Youtube.com. Retrieved: 17 January 2012.
- Gazetesi, Aydınlık. "Veliahtından Sanat Güneşi'ne doğum günü armağanı". www.aydinlikgazete.com.
- Kanal, Ulusal. "Zeki Müren'e doğum günü hediyesi haberi - Son Dakika Haberleri". www.ulusalkanal.com.tr.
- "İyi ki doğdun Zeki Müren Yaşam Haberi - GÜNEŞ".
- "Türk Müziğinin Sanat Güneşi Zeki Müren". Haberler.com. Archived from the original on 2 December 2013. Retrieved 24 November 2013.
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- Turkish Daily Sabah, Sanat Güneşi anılıyor, 6 December 2006. (In Turkish, last accessed 8 July 2007).
- "Sanat Güneşi Zeki Müren mezarı başında anıldı - Cumhuriyet Türkiye Haberleri" [Zeki Muren Art Solar grave was commemorated at the beginning - the Republic of Turkey News]. Cumhuriyet. 24 September 2016. Retrieved 2 October 2016.
- "Sanat Güneşi Şarkıları ile Anılacak". Haberler.com. 18 September 2013. Retrieved 22 September 2013.
- "Zeki Müren's 87th Birthday". google.com. 6 December 2018.
- "Kimi yönetmen koltuğuna oturdu, kimi senaryo yazdı". HaberTürk. Archived from the original on 16 June 2018. Retrieved 15 June 2018.
- "Zeki Müren movies". Dergi Bursa. Archived from the original on 27 February 2017. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
- "Zeki Müren filmleri, "Berduş"". SinemaTürk.com. Archived from the original on 20 August 2012. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
- "Hayat Bazen Tatlıdır (1962)". IMDb.com. Archived from the original on 27 May 2005. Retrieved 12 April 2020.
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