A Google Doodle is a special, temporary alteration of the logo on Google's homepages intended to commemorate holidays, events, achievements, and notable historical figures of particular countries. The first Google Doodle honored the 1998 edition of the long-running annual Burning Man event in Black Rock City, Nevada, and was designed by co-founders Larry Page and Sergey Brin to notify users of their absence in case the servers crashed. Subsequent Google Doodles were designed by an outside contractor until 2001, when Page and Brin asked public relations officer Dennis Hwang to design a logo for Bastille Day. Since then, a team of employees called "Doodlers" have organized and published the Doodles.
Initially, Doodles were neither animated nor hyperlinked—they were simply images with hover text describing the subject or expressing a holiday greeting. Doodles increased in both frequency and complexity by the beginning of the 2010s. In January 2010 the first animated Doodle honored Sir Isaac Newton. The first interactive Doodle appeared shortly thereafter celebrating Pac-Man, and hyperlinks also began to be added to Doodles, usually linking to a search results page for the subject of the Doodle. By 2014, Google had published over 2,000 regional and international Doodles throughout its homepages, often featuring guest artists, musicians, and personalities. By 2019, the "Doodlers" team has created over 4,000 doodles for Google's homepages around the world.
In addition to celebrating many well-known events and holidays, Google Doodles celebrate artists and scientists on their birthdays, including Mary Somerville, Andy Warhol, Albert Einstein, Leonardo da Vinci, Rabindranath Tagore, Louis Braille, Ella Fitzgerald, Percival Lowell, Edvard Munch, Nikola Tesla, Béla Bartók, René Magritte, Norman Hetherington, John Lennon, Steve Irwin, Audrey Hepburn, Michael Jackson, Vladimir Dakhno, Robert Moog, Frankie Manning, Akira Kurosawa, Satyajit Ray, H. G. Wells, Freddie Mercury, Samuel Morse, Hans Christian Ørsted, Mahatma Gandhi, Dennis Gabor, Édith Piaf, Constantin Brâncuși, Antonio Vivaldi, Abdel Halim Hafez, Teresa Teng, Umm Kalthoum, Jules Verne, Leonhard Euler, Lucille Ball, Hedy Lamarr, and James Welch, among over 9,000 others. The featuring of Lowell's logo design coincided with the launch of another Google product, Google Maps. Google Doodles are also used to depict major events at Google, such as the company's own anniversary. The celebration of historic events is another common topic of Google Doodles including a Lego brick design in celebration of the interlocking Lego block's 50th anniversary. Some Google Doodles are limited to Google's country-specific home pages while others appear globally.
Since Google first celebrated the Thanksgiving holiday with a Doodle in 1998, many Doodles for holidays, events and other celebrations have recurred on an annual basis, including the following:
- Gregorian New Year (2000–present)
- Martin Luther King Jr. Day (2003; 2006–present)
- Lunar New Year (2001; 2003–present)
- Valentine's Day (2000–present; partial exception during certain Olympic years)
- International Women's Day (2005; 2009–present)
- Saint Patrick's Day (2000–2002; 2004–present)
- Earth Day (2001–present)
- Mother's Day (2000–present)
- Father's Day (2000–present)
- U.S. Independence Day (2000–present)
- Bastille Day (2000–present)
- German Unity Day (2002–2003; 2006–2008; 2010–present)
- Swiss National Day (2001–2015; 2016–present)
- Olympic Games (2000–present; partial exception in 2014)
- Holi (2001–present; intermittently)
- Halloween (1999–present)
- Hinamatsuri (2009–2012; 2014–present)
- U.S. Thanksgiving Day (1998–present)
- Christmas Day (1999–present)[a]
- New Year's Eve (2011–present)
The illustrators, engineers, and artists who design Google Doodles are called "Doodlers". These doodlers have included artists like Ekua Holmes, Jennifer Hom, Sophia Foster-Dimino, Ranganath Krishnamani, Dennis Hwang, and Eric Carle.
Interactive and video doodles
In May 2010, on the 30th anniversary of the 1980 arcade game Pac-Man, Google unveiled worldwide their first interactive logo, created in association with Namco. Anyone who visited Google could play Pac-Man on the logo, which featured the letters of the word "Google" on the Pac-Man maze. The logo also mimicked the sounds the original arcade game made. The "I'm Feeling Lucky" button was replaced with an "Insert Coin" button. Pressing this once enabled you to play the Pac-Man logo. Pressing it once more added a second player, Ms. Pac-Man, enabling two players to play at once, controlled using the W, A, S, D keys, instead of the arrows as used by Player 1. Pressing it for a third time performed an "I'm Feeling Lucky" search. It was then removed on May 23, 2010, initially replacing Pac-Man with the normal logo. Later on that day, Google released a permanent site to play Google Pac-Man (accessed by clicking on top icon), due to the popular user demand for the playable logo. Pac-Man Doodle drew an estimated 1 billion players worldwide.
Since that time, Google has continued to post occasional interactive and video doodles:
- On June 8, 2010, Robert Schumann was celebrated with a Google Doodle for his 200th birthday.
- On September 4, 2010, Google logo was changed to an interactive Buckyball to celebrate the 25th anniversary of its discovery. The Buckyball, also known as the Buckminsterfullerene C60 is a molecule made entirely of carbon.
- On September 7, 2010, another Google Instant family logo known as "Keystroke Logo" was released. Greyed-out colorless logo lit up with the standard Google colors as the first 6 letters of a search query were entered.
- On October 8, 2010, Google ran its first video doodle, a short animation set to the music of "Imagine" to mark what would have been John Lennon's 70th birthday. Similarly, Freddie Mercury's would-be 65th birthday was celebrated on September 5, 2011, with an animated clip set to "Don't Stop Me Now".
- On April 15, 2011, Google sported the first live-action video doodle, commemorating what would have been Charlie Chaplin's 122nd birthday. This doodle was a black and white YouTube video that, when clicked upon, started playing before redirecting to the usual Google search featuring the doodle's special occasion. All parts in this short film were played by the Google Doodle team, and special behind-the-scenes footage was to be found on the Google blog.
- Google displayed an interactive electric guitar doodle starting June 9, 2011, to celebrate the would-be 96th birthday of Les Paul. Apart from being able to hover the cursor over the doodle to strum the strings just like one of Les Paul's Gibson guitars, there was also a keyboard button, which when enabled allowed interaction with the doodle via the keyboard. The doodle still maintained some resemblance to the Google logo. In the U.S, the doodle also allowed the user to record a 30-second clip, after which a URL is created and can be sent to others. The doodle remained on the site an extra day due to popularity in the U.S. It now has its own page linked to the Google Doodles archives.
- On May 23, 2012, for what would have been instrument inventor and synthesizer pioneer Robert Moog’s 78th birthday, the Doodle team pulled off their own feat of engineering: a fully playable and recordable Google logo resembling a vintage Minimoog Model D synthesizer. Electronic analog Moog Synthesizer timbre and tones would come to define a generation of music, featuring heavily in songs by The Beatles, The Doors, Stevie Wonder, Kraftwerk and many others. Much like the musical machines Bob Moog created, this doodle was synthesized from a number of smaller components to form a unique instrument. Mouse or computer keyboard was used to control the mini-synthesizer's keys and knobs and fiddle with oscillators and envelopes. Synthesizer doodle patched the keyboard into a 4-track tape recorder that could share songs.
- On June 23, 2012, in commemoration of what would have been Alan Turing's 100th birthday, Google's logo became an interactive Turing Machine.
- On August 8, 2012, Google Displayed an interactive Basketball Game for the 2012 Summer Olympics.
- On September 13, 2012, Google created a doodle for Clara Schumann to celebrate her 193rd birthday.
- On November 23, 2013, Google's logo changed to a playable Doctor Who game in honor of the show's 50th anniversary.
- On May 19, 2014, for the 40th anniversary of the Rubik's Cube, Google made an interactive virtual Rubik's Cube that people could try to solve.
- On April 14, 2015, for the 155th anniversary of the Pony Express, Google made a playable 2D side-scrolling doodle game in which the player collects mail, avoids obstacles, and delivers up to 100 letters from California to Missouri.
- On December 17, 2015, a Google Doodle was featured honoring the 245th anniversary of Beethoven's baptism. It features an interactive game to match the musical writing in correct order as it featured 4 levels.
- On August 5, 2016, for the 2016 Summer Olympics, the Google app received an update for Android and iOS devices to include 7 mini games called "Doodle Fruit Games" featuring Strawberry, Blueberry, Coconut, Pineapple, and more. It lasted until August 21, with a new mini game every day. The game was accessible on the Google app by clicking on a play button.
- On October 30, 2016, for Halloween, Google added a game called Magic Cat Academy, featuring a cat named Momo fighting ghosts. To play, users had to click on a play button, and users have to "draw" to kill the ghosts.
- On February 11, 12, 13 and 14, 2017, for Valentine's Day, Google added a game featuring the endangered pangolin, an African and Asian mammal, that goes through four levels (one released each day), while collecting objects, and avoiding obstacles.
- On 28 February 2017, Google celebrated Edhi with a Google Doodle hailing his "super-efficient" ambulance service.
- On May 9, 2017, a Google Doodle was featured honoring the 181st birthday of Ferdinand Monoyer. He was a French ophthalmologist, who introduced the dioptre in 1872. Dioptre is the unit of measurement of the focusing power of the lens. It is like the distance between a person's eyes and the text to be read. Monoyer devised an eye chart where every row represents a different diopter, from smallest to largest. A close look at Doodle may reveal to the reader a tribute to Ferdinand Monoyer: his name, hidden in the chart.
- On June 22, 2017, to celebrate what would have been the 117th birthday of Oskar Fischinger, a musician, Google released an interactive fullscreen Doodle that let users create their own musical songs by tapping on the screen. The user could then choose to share it to social media. The game was accessible by tapping on 2 play buttons.
- On August 11, 2017, the 44th anniversary of DJ Kool Herc's pioneering use of the hip hop break, the Google Doodle allowed users use a double turntable to act as a hip-hop DJ.
- On September 4, 2017, to celebrate what would have been the 83rd birthday of Russian baritone singer Eduard Khil, Google added a video doodle that featured an animated Eduard Khil singing "I am very glad, as I'm finally returning back home", known globally as the "Trololo" song.
- On December 4, 2017, Google celebrated 50 years of kids' coding languages with an Interactive Doodle.
- On May 3, 2018, Google celebrated the work of Georges Méliès by making a doodle that encompassed his famous work such as A Trip to the Moon and The Impossible Voyage. The doodle is also the first google doodle that was shown in 360-degrees format, with the viewer being able to rotate the video to give them different points of view.
- On June 10, 2018, Google celebrated the history of garden gnomes, Google released an interactive Doodle where you can use your catapult to launch your clay gnomes into the farthest reach of your garden.
- On October 30, 2018, for Halloween, Google added a multiplayer game (up to eight players) called Great Ghoul Duel, featuring two teams of ghosts racing to collect spirits and steal them from the other team.
- On November 6, 2018, for the United States elections, Google changed their logo to "Go Vote."
- On March 21, 2019, Google celebrated German composer and musician Johann Sebastian Bach by creating the first Doodle that uses artificial intelligence to make music. When a button is pressed, the Doodle uses machine learning to harmonize a user-created melody into Bach's signature music style (or alternatively into a Bach 80s rock style hybrid if an amp on the right side is clicked).
- On July 16–20, 2019, for the 50th anniversary of the Apollo 11 Moon landing by NASA where Neil Armstrong became the first man on the Moon.
- On March 20, 2020, in the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic, Google honored Ignaz Semmelweis for pioneering the practice of hand washing. The Doodle animation specifically showcased how to properly and thoroughly wash one's hands.
- Google also released several doodles in the following weeks thanking various industry workers who helped people out during the pandemic.
- Some games were re-released for people staying at home during lockdown to play.
- On April 22, 2020, in celebration of the 50th anniversary of Earth Day, a Doodle game was created in partnership with the Honeybee Conservancy, wherein a honeybee is guided by the player to pollinate flowers, while facts about the honeybee and its impact are shared between levels.
- On June 30, 2020, Google celebrated Marsha P. Johnson with a Google Doodle.
- On September 1, 2020, Google honored Jackie Ormes, known for being the first African-American woman cartoonist, along with being the creator of the Torchy Brown comic strip and the Patty-Jo 'n' Ginger panel. The Doodle animation showcased a slideshow of her career.
- On Halloween, a sequel to the 2016 Halloween Doodle was made. It had similar gameplay, but a different setting (underwater) and focused on sea creatures such as the immortal jellyfish and the anglerfish.
- On January 15, 2021, Google honored James Naismith, known as the inventor of the game of basketball. The Doodle animation showcases a person making a basket.
- On March 10, 2021, Google honored Wu Lien-teh, depicting Wu Lien-teh assembling surgical masks and distributing them to reduce the risk of disease transmission.
- On July 23, 2021, Google released an RPG-style game called Doodle Champion Island Games, with artwork by Studio 4°C, to celebrate video gaming, Japanese folklore, and the 2020 Olympics in Tokyo.
- On August 14, 2021, Google Doodle made a doodle of Derawar Fort to celebrate Pakistan's 75 Independence Day. According to Google, the fort symbolizes Pakistani adaptability and antiquity.
- On September 2, 2021, Google Doodle made a doodle celebrating the 138th birthday of the Polish biologist Rudolf Weigl, known for inventing the epidemic typhus vaccine.
- On September 5, 2021, Olivia When made a doodle celebrating the 107th birthday of the Chilean poet Nicanor Parra, being visible in 15 countries, including Chile.
- On September 6, 2021, Google made a doodle celebrating the 100th birthday of the Spanish writer Carmen Laforet, in which she appears reading a book on a balcony.
- On September 8, 2021, Google made an 80-second illustrated video celebrating the 32nd birthday of Tim Bergling, in which a lot of people appear enjoying the song "Wake Me Up" by the Swedish DJ.
- On September 15, 2021, Google made five doodles celebrating independence day in various Central American countries such as Guatemala, Honduras, El Salvador, Nicaragua and Costa Rica, without However Panama was not included, because its independence date was not September 15.
- On September 16, 2021, Magdiel Herrera made a doodle known as "a la mexicana" celebrating the Mexican independence day, in it shows a china poblana, a pozole, a bell, a hat with a zarape, a cactus and an Aztec musician.
- On September 17, 2021, Google did a doodle celebrating the birth of Michiyo Tsujimura, a Japanese biochemist known for her research on green tea and its nutritional benefits.
- On September 18, 2021, Google made a doodle from the Chilean National Holidays shows in the center to a huemul, an animal representative of both the country and the national shield.
"Doodle 4 Google" competitions
Google holds competitions for school students to create their own Google doodles, referred to as "Doodle 4 Google". Winning doodles go onto the Doodle 4 Google website, where the public can vote for the winner, who wins a trip to the Googleplex and the hosting of the winning doodle for 24 hours on the Google website.
The competition originated in the United Kingdom, and has since expanded to the United States and other countries. The competition was also held in Ireland in 2008. Google announced a Doodle 4 Google competition for India in 2009 and the winning doodle was displayed on the Google India homepage on November 14. A similar competition held in Singapore based on the theme "Our Singapore" was launched in January 2010 and the winning entry was chosen from over 30,000 entries received. The winning design was shown on Singapore's National Day on Google Singapore's homepage. It was held again in 2015 in Singapore and was themed 'Singapore: The next 50 years'.
Controversy and criticism
On September 13, 2007, Google posted a doodle honoring author Roald Dahl on the anniversary of his birth. This date also happened to coincide with the first day of the Jewish holiday of Rosh Hashanah, and Google was immediately criticized by some groups for this decision due to the fact that Dahl has been accused of anti-Semitism. Google removed the Doodle by 2:00 p.m. that day, and there remains no evidence of its existence in Google's official Doodle archive to this date.
In 2007, Google was also criticized for not featuring versions of the Google logo for American patriotic holidays such as Memorial Day and Veterans Day. Google featured a logo commemorating Veterans Day that year.
In 2014, Google received some criticism for failing to honor the 70th anniversary of the D-Day invasion with a Doodle and instead honoring Japanese Go player Honinbo Shusaku. In response to the criticism, Google removed the logo from their homepage and added a series of links to images of the invasion of Normandy.
On May 19, 2016, Google honored Yuri Kochiyama, an Asian American activist and member of the Maoist-based black nationalist group Revolutionary Action Movement, with a Doodle on its main U.S. homepage. This choice was criticized due to some of Kochiyama's controversial opinions, such as an admiration for Osama bin Laden and Mao Zedong. U.S. Senator Pat Toomey called for a public apology from Google. Google did not respond to any criticism, nor did it alter the presentation of the Doodle on its homepage or on the Doodle's dedicated page.
In 2014, a report published by SPARK Movement, an activist organization, stated that there was a large gender and race imbalance in the number of Doodles shown by Google, and that most Doodles were honoring white males. The report was widely reported in the media, and Google made a commitment to increase the proportion of women and racial minorities.
Google typically abstains from referencing or celebrating religious holidays specifically in Doodles, or in cases when they do, religious themes and iconography are avoided. Google has acknowledged this as an official policy, stating in April 2018 that they "don't have Doodles for religious holidays", according to "current Doodle guidelines." Google further explained that Doodles may appear for some "non-religious celebrations that have grown out of religious holidays", citing Valentine's Day (Christianity), Holi (Hinduism), and Tu B'Av (Judaism) as examples, but that the company does not include "religious imagery or symbolism" as part of those Doodles.
Google has been criticized for what has been perceived as its inconsistency regarding the implementation of its religious holiday policy, notably its lack of Doodles for major Christian holidays. Critics have pointed to its yearly recognition of the Jewish and Hindu festivals of Tu B'av and Holi, while Easter only received an official Doodle once in 2000 (and a themed homepage in 2019). Christmas is not specifically celebrated by name,[a] although a Doodle with a seasonally festive and/or winter theme has always been present on December 25 since 1999. Since the mid-2010s, Google has also repeated their December 25 doodle on January 7, which is the date for Christmas in the Eastern Orthodox Church, but the word "Christmas" has never explicitly been used; the terminology "holidays" and "Eastern Europe" are used instead of "Christmas" or "Eastern Orthodox Church".
Google first created a Doodle for Easter in 2000, and did not acknowledge the holiday on its homepage again until 2019. In March 2013, Google was criticized for celebrating American activist Cesar Chavez on Easter Sunday with a Doodle instead of Easter.
In 2019, after an 18-year hiatus, Google presented an atypical "Doodle" for Easter, for the desktop version of their homepage only. Unlike what is seen in virtually all other Doodles, the Google logo itself was unaltered in the presentation of the Doodle, and users had to click on the "I'm Feeling Lucky" button where "Lucky" is replaced with an anthropomorphic Easter egg, which triggered a falling array of Easter-themed items such as eggs, bunnies, and hot cross buns. Some of these items were hyperlinked, leading to a detailed page about Easter customs. Google's official Doodle archive page originally contained an unlisted entry for the 2019 Easter Doodle, which has since been removed. Notably, the 2019 Easter-themed homepage was not visible from mobile devices unless the "Desktop mode" option was triggered on the mobile browser, leading to the majority of users not ever seeing the "Doodle". Danny Sullivan, technologist with Google involved with the Easter-themed homepage, responded to an inquiry about its absence on mobile by saying it was "hard to do the interactivity dependably [on mobile]".
In 2020, Google once again celebrated Easter atypically on its homepage, but not as a Doodle. An Easter egg was placed below the "Google Search" and "I'm Feeling Lucky" buttons, with hovertext indicating "Happy Easter". When clicked, the egg led to a search results page for "Easter". This is similar to how Memorial Day and Remembrance Day have been recognized by the company in the US.
- Every year since 1999, Google has posted a special international doodle as either one logo or several interconnected logos, spanning at least the day of December 25 (sometimes beginning as early as December 1 and ending as late as December 27). Many of the logos have had winter themes, despite it being summer in the Southern Hemisphere, but few have had explicitly Christmas themes, opting for generic seasonally festive imagery instead. Google has rarely if ever used the word "Christmas" in relation to these Doodles, though multiple news sources have. Google has used terminology including "season's greetings", "happy holidays", "'tis the season", "end of year" and "holiday series" to describe the Doodles
- "Doodle 4 Google". Retrieved April 23, 2014.
- "Burning Man Festival". www.google.com. Retrieved March 20, 2021.
- Megan, Garber (September 6, 2013). "The First Google Doodle Was a Burning Man Stick Figure". The Atlantic. The Atlantic Monthly Group. Retrieved August 3, 2020.
- "Meet the people behind the Google Doodles". The Guardian. April 12, 2014. Retrieved September 27, 2014.
- "Isaac Newton's birth marked by Google Doodle". The Telegraph. January 4, 2010. Retrieved September 30, 2014.
- Nelson, Randy (May 21, 2010). "Google celebrates Pac-Man's 30th anniversary with playable logo". Joystiq. Retrieved September 30, 2014.
- "Google blunder over D-Day doodle". BBC News. June 6, 2014. Retrieved September 30, 2014.
- "How Google made its Valentine's Day Doodle". Time. February 14, 2014. Retrieved September 30, 2014.
- "Google Doodles". www.google.com. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
- "Stress Cultlogos". Retrieved August 14, 2009.
- Moore, Matthew (September 27, 2009). "Googlle: Google releases misspelt logo to mark 11th anniversary". The Telegraph. Archived from the original on May 25, 2012. Retrieved September 27, 2009.
- "Google doodles a fresh beginning on New Year's Day". IBN Live. December 31, 2011. Archived from the original on January 7, 2012. Retrieved December 31, 2011.
- Taylor, Chris (February 6, 2017). "Rainbow Olympic Google Doodle Disses Russia's Anti-Gay Laws". Mashable. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
- Feeney, Nolan (December 25, 2014). "Google's Christmas Doodle Feels Your Holiday Travel Pain". Time. Retrieved August 31, 2015.
- Jiwrajka, Shikhar (December 25, 2014). "Merry Christmas Google Doodle: 'Tis the Season latest doodle begins 'Happy Holidays' with an amusing journey!". India.com. Retrieved August 31, 2015.
- Barnett, Emma (February 19, 2013). "Creating a women's Google Doodle was too frightening". The Telegraph. Retrieved September 29, 2014.
- "Roxbury artist creates Google Doodle for MLK Day". Boston Globe. Retrieved April 21, 2017.
- Hogenboom, Melissa (August 13, 2012). "Google's doodles: Who's behind them?". BBC News. Retrieved April 21, 2017.
- Richards, Melanie. "Sophia Foster-Dimino".
- "Google celebrates Eric Carle's Very Hungry Caterpillar". The Telegraph. Retrieved September 2, 2015.
- Terdiman, Daniel (May 21, 2010). "Google gets Pac-Man fever". Geek Gestalt. CNET. Retrieved December 24, 2010.
- Mayer, Marissa (May 23, 2010). "PAC-MAN rules!". Official Google Blog. Retrieved August 30, 2010 – via Blogspot.
- Fricker, Martin (May 23, 2010). "Google gives Pac-Man boost with over 1 billion playing Goggle Doodle game in three days". Mirror Online.
- "Google doodle marks buckyball anniversary". The Guardian. September 4, 2010. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
- 25th Anniversary of Buckyball, retrieved October 15, 2019
- "What's Up With Google's Bouncy Ball Logo?". PCWorld. September 7, 2010. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
- Schroeder, Stan (September 7, 2010). "Google Logo Turns into Animated Particles". Mashable. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
- Sweeney, Deborah. "The 13 Best Global Google Doodles". Forbes. Retrieved October 15, 2019.
- "John Lennon's 70th Birthday". October 8, 2010. Retrieved September 28, 2012.
- "Freddie Mercury's 65th Birthday". September 5, 2011. Retrieved September 28, 2012.
- Germick, Ryan (April 15, 2011). "Official Google Blog: Lights, camera, doodle!". Google Blog. Retrieved April 23, 2014.
- Kiss, Jemima (June 9, 2011). "Les Paul: Google's best doodle yet?". The Guardian. Retrieved June 9, 2011.
- "Here are the people who make Google Doodles". Public Radio International. Retrieved October 16, 2019.
- "The Moog Google Doodle - Google Honors the Legacy of Synthesizer Pioneer Bob Moog on his 78th Birthday with "Moog Google Doodle"". moogmusic.
- "Robert Moog's 78th Birthday". www.google.com. Retrieved October 16, 2019.
- Ceceri, Kathy. "A Google Doodle for Alan Turing's 100th Birthday". GeekMom. Wired.com. Retrieved September 28, 2012.
- "Doctor Who's 50th Anniversary". November 23, 2013. Retrieved April 23, 2014.
- "155th Anniversary of the Pony Express". April 14, 2015. Retrieved April 14, 2015.
- "Celebrating Ludwig van Beethoven's 245th Year". Google. Retrieved December 17, 2015.
- "Abdul Sattar Edhi: Why Google honours him today". Al Jazeera. February 28, 2017. Retrieved February 28, 2017.
- "Ferdinand Monoyer - The Inventor of Eye-test on his 181st Birthday". Framesbuy.com.au - Trends. May 9, 2017. Retrieved July 22, 2020.
- Kilpatrick, Ryan (June 22, 2017). "Google Honors Animator Oskar Fischinger With This Amazing Interactive Doodle". Time. Retrieved June 22, 2017.
- "Hip-hop history: Google creates epic musical Doodle to kick off 44th birthday jam". The Washington Post. August 11, 2017. Retrieved August 12, 2017.
- Hinvks, Joseph (December 4, 2017). "Google Doodle Celebrates 50 Years of Kids Coding Languages". Time.
- Moloney, Aisling (December 4, 2017). "What is kids coding and what languages can they use?". Metro.
- Ong, Thuy (May 3, 2018). "Google's first VR Doodle celebrates French illusionist and director Georges Méliès". The Verge.
- Molina, Brett. "Google transforms logo for Election Day to two words: 'Go Vote'". USA Today.
- "Celebrating Johann Sebastian Bach". www.google.com. Retrieved July 26, 2021.
- "50th Anniversary of the Moon Landing". www.google.com. Retrieved July 26, 2021.
- Musil, Steven (March 19, 2020). "Google Doodle honors handwashing pioneer Dr. Ignaz Semmelweis". CNET. Retrieved March 20, 2020.
- "Google brings back interactive doodle that lets you play cricket". The Indian Express. April 4, 2020. Retrieved September 7, 2020.
- Bradshaw, Kyle (April 21, 2020). "Google Doodle celebrates Earth Day with relaxing game about honeybees". 9TO5Google. Retrieved April 22, 2021.
- Musil, Stephen (September 1, 2020). "Google Doodle celebrates Jackie Ormes, a groundbreaking Black cartoonist and activist". CNET. Retrieved September 1, 2020.
- Musil, Steven (March 9, 2021). "Google Doodle celebrates Dr. Wu Lien-teh, surgical mask pioneer". CNET. Archived from the original on March 12, 2021. Retrieved March 12, 2021.
- Wong, Sam (March 10, 2021). "Dr Wu Lien-teh: Face mask pioneer who helped defeat a plague epidemic". New Scientist. Archived from the original on March 12, 2021. Retrieved March 12, 2021.
- Zhang, Phoebe (March 11, 2021). "Google honours Chinese-Malaysian face mask pioneer Doctor Wu Lien-teh, whose surgical face covering is seen as origin of N95". South China Morning Post. Archived from the original on March 12, 2021. Retrieved March 12, 2021.
- Phillips, Tom (July 23, 2021). "Google's Olympics-inspired RPG is way better than it needed to be". Eurogamer. Retrieved July 23, 2021.
- Shah, S. (July 23, 2021). "Today's Google doodle is an anime-infused sports game". Engadget. Retrieved July 23, 2021.
- Desk, BR Web (August 14, 2021). "Google celebrates Pakistan's Independence Day with a doodle of Derawar Fort". Brecorder. Retrieved August 14, 2021.
- Gospodarek, Carla. "Google Doodle: Das war der Biologe Rudolf Weigl" (in German). Germany. Retrieved September 2, 2021.
- Musil, Steven. "Google Doodle honors Rudolf Weigl, vaccine inventor who saved Jews from Nazis". CNET. Retrieved September 2, 2021.
- El Mostrador (September 5, 2021). "Google homenajea con un «doodle» a Nicanor Parra en su natalicio" (in Spanish). Retrieved September 6, 2021.
- ADN Radio. "107 años del nacimiento de Nicanor Parra: Google conmemoró la fecha con especial doodle" (in Spanish). Retrieved September 6, 2021.
- "Google conmemora con un Doodle el 100 cumpleaños de Carmen Laforet". La Vanguardia (in Spanish). September 6, 2021. Retrieved September 8, 2021.
- "Google le dedica un 'doodle' a la escritora Carmen Laforet". abc (in Spanish). September 6, 2021. Retrieved September 8, 2021.
- "Google rinde homenaje a la escritora Carmen Laforet con un 'doodle' en el centenario de su muerte". elconfidencial.com (in Spanish). September 6, 2021. Retrieved September 8, 2021.
- Finnis, Alex (September 8, 2021). "Why today's Google Doodle celebrates Tim Bergling – better known as Avicii". inews.co.uk. Retrieved September 8, 2021.
- "Google festeja bicentenario de independencia de Centroamérica con múltiples Doodles". Independent Español (in Spanish). September 15, 2021. Retrieved September 18, 2021.
- El Sol de México. "Google se pone el sombrero y celebra con Doodle la Independencia de México". Nayeli Párraga (in Spanish). Retrieved September 18, 2021.
- "Google Doodle celebrates Michiyo Tsujimura, scientist known for green tea research". Newsweek. September 17, 2021. Retrieved September 18, 2021.
- "Google se une a las celebraciones de Fiestas Patrias con un doodle". El Periodista Online (in Spanish). September 18, 2021. Retrieved September 18, 2021.
- "Doodle para el "18": con una paya y un huemul Google se suma a las celebraciones de las Fiestas Patrias". Publimetro (in Spanish). Retrieved September 18, 2021.
- "Doodle4Google Page". Retrieved August 30, 2010.
- "'Doodle 4 Google – My Ireland' competition". Google Ireland. December 18, 2009. Archived from the original on December 18, 2010. Retrieved August 30, 2010.
- "Doodle 4 Google — My India". Google India. November 14, 2009. Retrieved August 30, 2010.
- "Doodle 4 Google.com — Our Singapore". Google Singapore. Retrieved August 30, 2010.
- Brown, Eliot (September 13, 2007). "Google Criticized for Honoring 'Anti-Israel' Author on Rosh Hashanah". New York Sun. Retrieved June 17, 2015.
- "Google Doodles".
- Puzzanghera, Jim (October 9, 2007). "Tweaks send Google critics into orbit". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved June 17, 2015.
- "More Google: Holiday Logos". Retrieved August 30, 2010.
- Mulshine, Molly "D'oh: Google Deletes Non-D-Day Doodle – They accidentally honored a Japanese Go player instead" The New York Observer, June 6, 2015; Retrieved June 17, 2015
- Matthews, Dylan (May 19, 2016). "Yuri Kochiyama, today's Google Doodle, fought for civil rights — and praised Osama bin Laden". Vox. Retrieved May 19, 2016.
- Ross, Janell (May 19, 2016). "Google commemorates a very controversial civil-rights figure, Yuri Kochiyama". The Washington Post. Retrieved May 19, 2016.
- Lee, Edmund (May 19, 2016). "Google celebrated civil rights leader Yuri Kochiyama and some people think it's promoting radicalism". Recode. Retrieved May 20, 2016.
- Trujillo, Mario (May 20, 2016). "GOP senator slams Google for tribute to controversial civil rights figure". The Hill. Retrieved May 28, 2016.
- "Yuri Kochiyama's 95th Birthday". May 19, 2016. Retrieved September 3, 2016.
- "#DoodleUs: Gender & Race in Google Doodles". SPARK Movement. Retrieved June 7, 2019.
- Grinberg, Emanuella (June 4, 2014). "Why you're seeing more women and people of color Google Doodles". CNN. Retrieved June 7, 2019.
- Connolly, Amanda (March 23, 2015). "Google and SPARK put Notable Women on the Map". The Next Web. Retrieved June 7, 2019.
- Miles, Frank (April 1, 2018). "Google snubbed Easter with no doodle for 18th year in a row". Fox News. Retrieved April 2, 2018.
- "No Google Doodle For Easter: Google Snubs Easter For 17th Year In A Row". The Inquisitr. April 17, 2017. Retrieved April 1, 2018.
- Curtis, Sophie (April 21, 2019). "There's a hidden 'Easter egg' on Google's UK home page today - here's how to find it". Mirror Online. Retrieved April 21, 2019.
- "Holiday Series 2 - Eastern Europe". January 7, 2014. Retrieved April 23, 2019.
- "Holidays 2016 (Eastern Europe)". January 7, 2016. Retrieved April 23, 2019.
- Cavna, Michael (March 31, 2013). "Google criticized for not marking Easter; company says 'it's difficult for us to choose'". Washington Post. Retrieved June 17, 2015.
- Sullivan, Danny [@dannysullivan] (April 21, 2019). "I believe it's hard to do the interactivity dependably on mobile. I found requesting a desktop page on mobile can work though the tap targets don't always register" (Tweet) – via Twitter.
- Li, Abner (April 12, 2020). "Google Search gains actual Easter eggs to mark Easter". 9TO5Google. Retrieved April 12, 2020.
- Schwartz, Barry (May 29, 2017). "Memorial Day: Google Tiny Flag, Bing Arlington Cemetery & More". Search Engine Roundtable. Retrieved April 12, 2020.
|Look up Google Doodle in Wiktionary, the free dictionary.|