Zing-Yang Kuo

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Zing-Yang Kuo

Kuo Zing-yang (or Z. Y. Kuo; simplified Chinese: 郭任远; traditional Chinese: 郭任遠; pinyin: Guō Rènyuǎn; Jyutping: Kuo Yam6 Yun5; 1898–1970), was a Chinese experimental and physiological psychologist. He was a renowned educator and is also notable as having been the President of Zhejiang University, who was expelled by Zhejiang students in 1935.[1]


Kuo was born in Shantou, Guangdong Province in 1898. Kuo studied at Fudan University in Shanghai. In 1918, Kuo went to study in the United States. In 1923, Kuo obtained his PhD from the University of California, Berkeley (UC, Berkeley) at age 25.[citation needed]

Kuo went back to China, and founded the Department of Psychology at Fudan University in 1924.[2] Kuo was a professor, the Vice-president; and from Apr 1924 to Nov 1925, the acting President of Fudan University.[3] From 1927 to 1936, Kuo taught at National Central University[4] and Zhejiang University. From 1933 to 1936, Kuo was the President of Zhejiang University, and did the most important research of his academic career - about animal's behavior epigenetics.[citation needed]

In Dec 1935, the December 9th Movement broke out, which led to a large student strike in Zhejiang University. There were some severe conflicts between Kuo and some students and faculty, and Kuo was described as "autocratic" in the handling this incident. Chiang Kai-shek then intervened, leading to Kuo's resignation from his university president position.[citation needed]

From 1936 to 1945, Kuo was a visiting scholar to United States, and did research and lectured in several American universities. Kuo was a visiting professor of UC Berkeley, Yale University and the University of Rochester, and a researcher at Carnegie Institution in Washington, D.C..[citation needed]

From 1946 to 1970, Kuo resided in Kowloon, Hong Kong. Kuo was a trustee of the University of Hong Kong. Kuo died in Hong Kong on 14 August 1970 at age 72.[citation needed]


  • Chapter 3: From Watsonian Behaviorism to Behavior Epigenetics (by Zing-Yang Kuo).
  • Book: The Dynamics of Behavior Development: An Epigenetic View; by Gilbert Gottlieb, Zing-Yang Kuo; June 1976.
  • Book: The Dynamics of Behavior Development; by Zing-Yang Kuo; Random House Press, 1967.
  • Book: Instinct;1961. Princeton, NJ:Van Nostrand.

Extra materials[edit]

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  • History of Psychology - Abstract
  • Zing-Yang Kuo (biography)
  • Robert Epstein: Comparative Psychology as the Praxist Views It; Journal of Comparative Psychology. Vol 101(3), Sep 1987, 249–253.
  • Gottlieb, G. (1972): Zing-Yang Kuo: Radical scientific philosopher and innovative experimentalist (1898–1970); Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 80, 1–10.


  1. ^ Xu, Xiao (2015-02-15). ""争议"算什么,看看民国时期的校长多难当" ["Controversy" is a small deal, as compared with what university presidents in the republican period had been through]. The Paper. Retrieved 2022-05-01.
  2. ^ 郭任远与复旦心理学院(图) (Zing-Yang Kuo and Fudan University College of Psychology (Photo))
  3. ^ 复旦大学历任校长简介 -- 郭任远 Brief introduction to Fudan University presidents - Zing-Yang Kuo
  4. ^ 郭任远(1898~1970):国立中央大学心理系教授(1929~1933) (Zing-Yang Kuo (1898-1970): Professor of psychologist (1929-1933) at National Central University)

External links[edit]