Ginger-families

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The ginger-families[1][2][3] or ginger group[4] or Core Zingiberales[5] is a terminal clade in the order Zingiberales (Monocotyledoneae) that comprises Zingiberaceae (the ginger family), Costaceae, Marantaceae and Cannaceae.[1][2][5] Their shared synapomorphy of a single fertile anther and four or five highly modified staminodia differentiate them from the basal paraphyletic assemblage of the "banana-families".[1][2][5]


Cladogram I: Phylogeny of Zingiberales [6]
Zingiberales

Zingiberineae

Heliconiaceae

Strelitziineae

Musaceae

They form a Suborder Zingiberineae Kress in taxonomic classification, with the following phylogeny, the four families being grouped into two superfamilies.

Cladogram II: Phylogeny of Suborder Zingiberineae (gingers)
Zingiberineae
Zingiberariae

Zingiberaceae

Costaceae

Cannariae

Cannaceae

Marantaceae

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Kress, W. J.; Prince, L. M.; Hahn, W. J.; Zimmer, E. A. (2001). "Unraveling the evolutionary radiation of the families of the Zingiberales using morphological and molecular evidence" (PDF). Systematic Biology. 50 (6): 926–944. doi:10.1080/106351501753462885.
  2. ^ a b c Kress, W.J. & Specht, C.D. 2005. Between Cancer and Capricorn: Phylogeny, evolution and ecology of the primarily tropical Zingiberales. Biol. Skr. 55: 459-478. ISSN 0366-3612. ISBN 87-7304-304-4. [Pp. 459-478, in Friis, I., y Balslev, H. (eds), Proceedings of a Symposium on Plant Diversity and Complexity Patterns - Local, Regional and Global Dimensions. Danish Academy of Sciences and Letters, Copenhagen.] http://spechtlab.berkeley.edu/sites/default/files/spechtlab/publications/12%20Kress%20and%20Specht%202005.pdf and references therein
  3. ^ Andersson, L. (1998). «Strelitziaceae». In: K. Kubitzki. The Families and Genera of Vascular Plants. IV. Flowering Plants. Monocotyledons. Alismatanae and Commelinanae (except Gramineae). Berlin: Springer-Verlag. pp. 451-454.
  4. ^ Kress, W. J. (1990). The phylogeny and classification of the Zingiberales. Annals of the Missouri Botanical Garden, 698-721. https://www.jstor.org/stable/2399669
  5. ^ a b c Judd et al. 2007. Zingiberales. Plant Systematics, a Phyogenetic Approach. 3rd edition. Sinauer. Pp. 301-302.
  6. ^ Sass et al 2016.

Bibliography[edit]