Sofia Sigizmundovna Dzerzhinskaya born Muszkat (Polish: Zofia Julia Dzierżynska z domu Muszkat Russian: Софья Сигизмундовна Дзержинская (до замужества—Мушкат) (4 December 1882, Warsaw - 27 February 1968, Moscow) was a leading Polish Social Democrat and later Communist politician, and spouse of Feliks Dzerzhinky.
From September 1918 through February 1919 Sofia was a member of the Soviet diplomatic mission in Bern. From 1920 she lived in the Soviet Union, in Moscow where she worked as a teacher. In 1922 Sofia worked in the School of Rosa Luxemburg in Moscow, later, 1923-24 at the Communist University of the National Minorities of the West. After that worked in the Polish Bureau of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union. In 1939-43 Sofia worked at the Executive Committee of Comintern. In 1969, her memoirs "Lata wielkich bojów: wspomnienia" were published in Poland by Książka i Wiedza publishing house.
- Robert Blobaum: Feliks Dzierzynsky and the SDKPiL: A study of the origins of Polish Communism (1984). ISBN 0-88033-046-5
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