Zohar, Israel

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Zohar
זוהר, זֹהַר
Zohar is located in Israel
Zohar
Zohar
Coordinates: 31°35′43.27″N 34°41′32.1″E / 31.5953528°N 34.692250°E / 31.5953528; 34.692250Coordinates: 31°35′43.27″N 34°41′32.1″E / 31.5953528°N 34.692250°E / 31.5953528; 34.692250
District Southern
Council Lakhish
Affiliation Agricultural Union
Founded 1956
Founded by Algerian and Tunisian Jews
Population (2015) 349[1]
Name meaning Brightness

Zohar (Hebrew: זֹהַר‎, lit. Brightness) is a moshav in southern Israel. Located near the city of Kiryat Gat, it falls under the jurisdiction of Lakhish Regional Council. In 2015 it had a population of 349.[1]

A large lake that serves as a reservoir lies near the town.

History[edit]

The moshav was founded in 1956 by Jewish refugees from Algeria and Tunisia on land, that had belonged to the Arab village of al-Faluja,[2] as part of the effort to settle Hevel Lakhish.

According to Walid Khalidi, Zohar is founded on the land belonging to the depopulated Palestinian village of Burayr.[3]

Its name signifies the desire of the inhabitants to be quickly absorbed in what was then a remote frontier region. In later years, new immigrants from Iraq, Russia and Hungary settled there.[citation needed]

In the 1950s and 1960s the moshav was a target for Palestinian fedayeen who infiltrated into Israel from Gaza.[citation needed]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "List of localities, in Alphabetical order" (PDF). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 October 2016. 
  2. ^ Carta's Official Guide to Israel and Complete Gazetteer to all Sites in the Holy Land. (3rd edition 1993) Jerusalem, Carta, p.485 , ISBN 965-220-186-3
  3. ^ Khalidi, Walid (1992). All That Remains: The Palestinian Villages Occupied and Depopulated by Israel in 1948. Washington D.C.: Institute for Palestine Studies. p. 92. ISBN 0-88728-224-5.