Zuo Qiuming

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Zuo Qiuming

Zuo Qiuming, Zuoqiu Ming or Qiu Ming[note 1] (556–451 BC)[1] was a Chinese historian who was a contemporary of Confucius that lived in the State of Lu during the Spring and Autumn period of ancient China.

The influential Zuozhuan (Commentary of Zuo) is traditionally attributed to him.[2] He is also possibly a contributor to Guoyu. One tradition, according to the Records of the Grand Historian, holds that he was blind (cf. Homer).

Zuo is noted in the Analects as a paragon of virtue to Confucius.[note 2]


  1. ^ In surviving sources, it is uncertain whether his surname was Zuo or Zuoqiu. An alternate viewpoint is that his name is Qiu Ming; "Zuo" refers to his official post of zuoshi, which has remained in his family for some generations.
  2. ^ Chinese: 子曰:「巧言、令色、足恭,左丘明恥之,丘亦恥之。匿怨而友其人,左丘明恥之,丘亦恥之。 "The Master said, "Fine words, an insinuating appearance, and excessive respect - Zuo Qiuming was ashamed of them. I also am ashamed of them. To conceal resentment against a person, and appear friendly with him - Zuo Qiuming was ashamed of such conduct. I also am ashamed of it."[3]


  1. ^ Confucius and Lao Zhu Their Differing Social Foundations and Cultures Sino-Platonic Papers 211 2011
  2. ^ Xing Lu (1998). Rhetoric in ancient China, fifth to third century, B.C.: a comparison with classical Greek rhetoric. University of South Carolina Press. p. 107. ISBN 1-57003-216-5.
  3. ^ Confucian Analects, translated by James Legge in Vol. I of The Chinese Classics.