^In surviving sources, it is uncertain whether his surname was Zuo or Zuoqiu. An alternate viewpoint is that his name is Qiu Ming; "Zuo" refers to his official post of zuoshi, which has remained in his family for some generations.
^Chinese: 子曰：「巧言、令色、足恭，左丘明恥之，丘亦恥之。匿怨而友其人，左丘明恥之，丘亦恥之。 "The Master said, "Fine words, an insinuating appearance, and excessive respect - Zuo Qiuming was ashamed of them. I also am ashamed of them. To conceal resentment against a person, and appear friendly with him - Zuo Qiuming was ashamed of such conduct. I also am ashamed of it."