Échirolles

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Échirolles
Échirolles town hall with Eugène Delacroix's Liberty Leading the People reproduced on its façade
Échirolles town hall with Eugène Delacroix's Liberty Leading the People reproduced on its façade
Échirolles is located in France
Échirolles
Échirolles
Coordinates: 45°08′37″N 5°43′06″E / 45.1436°N 5.7183°E / 45.1436; 5.7183Coordinates: 45°08′37″N 5°43′06″E / 45.1436°N 5.7183°E / 45.1436; 5.7183
Country France
Region Rhône-Alpes
Department Isère
Arrondissement Grenoble
Canton Échirolles-Est, Échirolles-Ouest
Intercommunality Agglomeration community of the Grenoble Alpes Métropole
Government
 • Mayor (2008–2014) Renzo Sulli[1]
Area
 • Land1 8 km2 (3 sq mi)
Population (2007)
 • Population2 35,383
 • Population2 density 4,400/km2 (11,000/sq mi)
INSEE/Postal code 38151 / 38130
Elevation 217–395 m (712–1,296 ft)
(avg. 237 m or 778 ft)

1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km² (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

2 Population without double counting: residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

Échirolles is a commune in the Isère department in south-eastern France.

It is the second-largest suburb of the city of Grenoble, and is adjacent to it on the south. In the 1999 census, Échirolles had a population of 35,383. Its inhabitants are called the Échirollois (feminine : Échirolloise(s)). The commune has a land area of 7.86 square kilometres (3.03 sq mi).

History[edit]

Former industrial village, the majority of its inhabitants worked in the viscose factories, a fabric which was invented in Échirolles in 1884 by French scientist and industrial Hilaire de Chardonnet, before becoming universally famous. The process for manufacturing viscose was then patented by three British scientists, Charles Frederick Cross, Edward John Bevan and Clayton Beadle, in 1891.

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