Óscar Elías Biscet

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Óscar Elías Biscet González
Oscar Elias Biscet.JPG
Born July 20, 1961
Havana, Cuba
Occupation Medical professional
Spouse(s) Elsa Morejón

Dr. Óscar Elías Biscet González (born: July 20, 1961 in Havana, Cuba), is a Cuban medical professional and an advocate for human rights and democratic freedoms in Cuba. He is also the founder of the Lawton Foundation.

Biscet was given a 25-year prison sentence in Cuba for allegedly committing crimes against the sovereignty and the integrity of the Cuban territory.[1] Despite appeals from the United Nations, foreign governments, and international human rights organizations, the Cuban Regime refused to release Biscet until March 11, 2011. In recognition of his advocacy efforts for human rights and democracy in Cuba, Biscet was presented with the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2007 by U.S. President George W. Bush.[2]

Beginnings[edit]

Biscet received a degree in medicine in 1985; the following year he initiated protests which led to his immediate suspension. Starting in 1988, Biscet revealed his political tension with the communist regime through speech. The Cuban government in 1994 officially opened a case file on Biscet, labeling him a counter-revolutionary and "dangerous". In 1997, Biscet founded the Lawton Foundation.

Political and philosophical background[edit]

Henry David Thoreau, Mohandas Gandhi, and Martin Luther King, Jr are major influences in Biscet's writing and motivation.[3] Others from whom Biscet has taken inspiration are Abraham Lincoln, Thomas Jefferson, José Martí, and Frederick Douglass. He is a strong believer in a democratic government[4] and advocates a pro-life position.[citation needed]

Expulsion from the National Health Service[edit]

Biscet was expelled from the Cuban National Health System in February 1998 because of his activism.[citation needed] Biscet's wife, Elsa Morejón was also expelled from nursing (her profession) because of her husband's activities.[citation needed]

1999 arrest[edit]

In August 1999, Biscet, along with two dozen other dissidents, were detained by Cuban police for organizing meetings in Havana and Matanzas. He was released five days earlier on August 17, 1999. He claimed that while in custody, the police tortured him by beating, kicking, stripping, and burning him. The government then threatened to detain him longer if he continued promoting his counterrevolutionary activities in Cuba. Later in 1999, he was sent back in prison for a three-year sentence for dishonoring a national symbol, public disorder, and instigating to commit crime, after having protested Cuba's lack of freedom by showing the Cuban flag upside down.[5] Amnesty International named him a prisoner of conscience and called for his immediate release.[5] He was released from a high-security prison in the Holguín province after having served his full sentence.[6]

2002 arrest[edit]

One month after recovering his liberty,[5] on December 6, 2002, Biscet was arrested in a private house with 11 other dissidents while discussing a petition drive and human rights.[7] Biscet's wife later said the activists "were beaten and violently arrested". During their removal from the house they shouted "Long live human rights" and "Freedom for political prisoners".

Biscet was one of the 75 dissidents imprisoned in 2003 by the Cuban authorities for his association with the head of the US Interests Section in Havana, James Cason.[8] He was given a 25-year sentence for "disorderly conduct" and "counter-revolutionary activities". He was subsequently held at Combinado del Este Prison in Havana, where he was generally not allowed outside visitors, including medical practitioners and clergy, under conditions described as "wretched".[9] He had previously been imprisoned in the "Cinco Y Medio" prison in Pinar del Río. A replica of his cell while there was displayed at the residence of the head of the U.S. national interests section, James Cason.[10]

In 2003, in response to a petition concerning Biscet and other Cuban prisoners of conscience, the United Nations Working Group on Arbitrary Detention determined that Biscet is being held in violation of Articles 9, 10, 19, 20, and 21 of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights and called for his immediate release.

On September 1, 2005, in response to an Urgent Action Appeal filed by Freedom Now on behalf of Biscet, the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention, the Special Rapporteur on the Question of Torture, the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Human Rights Defenders, and the Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Expression and Association issued a joint urgent appeal to the Government of the Republic of Cuba calling again for Biscet's immediate release.[citation needed]

Campaign to release[edit]

Freedom Now, a non-profit organization located in Washington, D.C., was retained in 2005 to assist in obtaining Biscet's release from prison. On September 1, 2005, in response to an Urgent Action Appeal filed by Freedom Now on Biscet's behalf, the United Nations called on the Government of the Republic of Cuba to immediately release Biscet.[citation needed]

Nat Hentoff was one of the chief advocates for Biscet in the United States, penning numerous pleas in his syndicated and Village Voice column calling for his release, and highlighting his plight within the Cuban criminal justice system.[citation needed]

Release[edit]

On 11 March 2011, it was announced that Biscet had been freed, along with more than 50 other dissidents.[11] The Catholic Church in Cuba was responsible for negotiating their release.[11] Biscet said shortly after being freed that he planned to remain in Cuba and continue his advocacy for human rights.[11]

In August 2012, he began an independent television show, Revelando Cuba ("Revealing Cuba"), on which he discussed national and international events. The program is produced and distributed by the Lawton Foundation.[12]

The Italian rock band Fuoco Vivo dedicated a song to him, Radio Libertà, included in their last album "Dimensione Verticale" [13][14]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "WHITE BOOK 2006 – FIRST PART – CHAPTER 5". Havana, Cuba: CUBAMinRex – Web site of the Cuban Ministry of Foreign Affairs. 2006. Retrieved 2009-02-23. "...Oscar Elias Biscet, Héctor Palacios Ruiz and José Luis García Paneque ... tried and convicted under Law 88 of 1999, for their mercenary activities at the service of the US policy of hostility and aggressions against Cuba." 
  2. ^ White House Press Release Announcing 2007 Presidential Medal of Freedom winners
  3. ^ Nordlinger, Jay (06/11/2001). Who cares about Cuba?, "National Review", v.53 #11. p.33. Accessed on August 15, 2007.
  4. ^ Cuba: Newly formed dissident coalition competes with Varela Project supporters for control of internal opposition, "NotiCen: Central American & Caribbean Affairs", Latin America DataBase, University of New Mexico (11/14/2002). Accessed on August 15, 2007.
  5. ^ a b c "Cuba: Release: Dr Oscar Elías Biscet González.". Document. 1 Easton Street, WC1X 0DW, London, United Kingdom: Amnesty International, International Secretariat. 2002-11-14. Retrieved 2009-02-23. 
  6. ^ Cuba; Political prisoner freed after serving 3 years, Los Angeles Times, November 1, 2002, page A4. Accessed on August 15, 2007.
  7. ^ Cuba; Prominent dissident rearrested, wife says, Los Angeles Times, 12-08-2002, page: A4. Accessed on August 15, 2007.
  8. ^ "Special presentation by Dr. Fidel Castro Ruz, President of the Republic of Cuba, at the televised roundtable on recent events in the country and the increase of aggressive actions by the United States government against the Cuban people". Havana, Cuba: Portal Cuba.cu. 2003-04-25. Retrieved 2009-02-23. 
  9. ^ The Myth of Cuban Health Care, "National Review", (07-30-2007) Accessed August 15, 2007.
  10. ^ http://www.state.gov/p/wha/rls/rm/37104.htm (Photo at right.)
  11. ^ a b c "Cuba releases jailed dissident Oscar Elias Biscet". BBC News Online. 11 March 2011. Archived from the original on 13 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  12. ^ "Dr. Biscet's New Television Program". Capitol Hill Cubans. 8 August 2012. Retrieved 10 August 2012. 
  13. ^ { http://antoniogiuliano.wordpress.com/2012/12/31/radio-liberta/ }
  14. ^ { http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=IgLNgljE_u0}

External links[edit]