Holguín Province

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Holguín Province
Province of Cuba
Holguin in Cuba.svg
Country Cuba
Capital Holguín
Area[1]
 • Total 9,209.71 km2 (3,555.89 sq mi)
Population (2010-12-31)[1]
 • Total 1,037,161
 • Density 110/km2 (290/sq mi)
Time zone EST (UTC-5)
Area code(s) +53-024
Website Holguín.cu

Holguín (Spanish pronunciation: [olˈɣin]) is one of the provinces of Cuba, the third most populous after Havana and Santiago de Cuba. It lies in the southeast of the country. Its major cities include Holguín (the capital), Banes, Antilla, Mayarí, and Moa.

The province has a population of slightly over one million people. Its territory exceeds 9,300 km2 (3,600 sq mi), 25 percent of which are covered by forest.

History[edit]

Statue of Christopher Columbus near Guardalavaca

Christopher Columbus landed in what is believed to have been today's Holguín province on October 27, 1492. He declared that it was "the most beautiful country human eyes had ever seen".

The Holguín province was established in 1978, when it was split from the Oriente region.

Economy[edit]

Like much of Cuba, Holguín's economy is based around sugarcane, though other crops such as corn and coffee, as well as mining, are also large earners for the province.

A large cobalt processing plant with shipping facilities was built at Moa, using foreign investment, much of it from Canada. Chromium, nickel, iron and steel plants dot the province as well.

Tourism has only recently begun to be developed, offering beach resorts in the outskirts of the region, with a number of hotels around the Guardalavaca area, Playa Pesquero, and Cayo Saetia. The Cuchillas del Toa Biosphere Reserve Sierra Cristal National Park and Alejandro de Humboldt National Park are partly located in the province.

Municipalities[edit]

Holguín is divided into 14 municipalities:

Municipality Population
(2004)
Area
(km²)
Location Remarks
Antilla 12,222 100 20°50′55″N 75°45′9″W / 20.84861°N 75.75250°W / 20.84861; -75.75250 (Antilla)
Báguanos 52,854 806 20°45′47″N 76°01′46″W / 20.76306°N 76.02944°W / 20.76306; -76.02944 (Báguanos)
Banes 81,274 781 20°58′12″N 75°42′41″W / 20.97000°N 75.71139°W / 20.97000; -75.71139 (Banes)
Cacocum 42,623 661 20°44′38″N 76°19′27″W / 20.74389°N 76.32417°W / 20.74389; -76.32417 (Cacocum)
Calixto García 57,867 617 20°51′15″N 76°36′7″W / 20.85417°N 76.60194°W / 20.85417; -76.60194 (Calixto Garcia) Buenaventura
Cueto 34,503 326 20°38′54″N 75°55′54″W / 20.64833°N 75.93167°W / 20.64833; -75.93167 (Cueto)
Frank País 25,621 510 20°39′53″N 75°16′53″W / 20.66472°N 75.28139°W / 20.66472; -75.28139 (Frank País) Cayo Mambí
Gibara 72,810 630 21°06′26″N 76°08′12″W / 21.10722°N 76.13667°W / 21.10722; -76.13667 (Gibara)
Holguín 326,740 666 20°53′20″N 76°15′26″W / 20.88889°N 76.25722°W / 20.88889; -76.25722 (Holguín) Provincial Capital
Mayarí 105,505 1,307 20°39′34″N 75°40′40″W / 20.65944°N 75.67778°W / 20.65944; -75.67778 (Mayarí)
Moa 71,079 730 20°38′24″N 74°55′3″W / 20.64000°N 74.91750°W / 20.64000; -74.91750 (Moa)
Rafael Freyre 50,080 620 21°01′42″N 75°59′47″W / 21.02833°N 75.99639°W / 21.02833; -75.99639 (Rafael Freyre)
Sagua de Tánamo 52,013 704 20°35′10″N 75°14′30″W / 20.58611°N 75.24167°W / 20.58611; -75.24167 (Sagua de Tánamo)
Urbano Noris 43,892 846 20°36′5″N 76°07′57″W / 20.60139°N 76.13250°W / 20.60139; -76.13250 (Urbano Noris)
Source: Population from 2004 Census.[2] Area from 1976 municipal re-distribution.[3]

Demographics[edit]

In 2004, the province of Holguin had a population of 1,029,083.[2] With a total area of 9,292.83 km2 (3,587.98 sq mi),[4] the province had a population density of 110.7 /km2 (287 /sq mi).

Notable people[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Lugar que ocupa el territorio según la superficie y la población". Una MIRADA a Cuba (in Spanish). Oficina Nacional de Estadísticas. Cuba. 2010. 
  2. ^ a b Atenas.cu (2004). "2004 Population trends, by Province and Municipality". Archived from the original on 2007-09-27. Retrieved 2007-10-06.  (Spanish)
  3. ^ Statoids (July 2003). "Municipios of Cuba". Retrieved 2007-10-06. 
  4. ^ Government of Cuba (2002). "Population by Province". Retrieved 2007-10-02.  (Spanish)

External links[edit]