Visually, it resembles a .38 S&W but the case dimensions are slightly different. The .38 Short Colt case is the parent to .38 Long Colt and .38 Special. The round was produced in two lengths. The classic .38 Short Colt M1874 is ?mm. It is the original and standard .38 Short Colt cartridge and was designed for use in the Colt New Line revolver. The shorter .38 Short Colt M1919 was ?mm. The .38 Short Colt M1919 was designed for the .38 Colt Police revolver; it was discontinued in the 1920s due to its unpopularity.
Remington is one of the few producers of this cartridge today with a 125grs LRN bullet. Magtech produces this grain weight and Ten-x manufactures a 95gr load, as well as blanks.
There is no problem firing this cartridge in .38 Special or .357 Magnum revolvers, but some shooters worry that the long bullet jump might make accuracy difficult. The "bullet jump" has not, however, been proven to have any affect on accuracy.