1891 Home Nations Championship

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1891 Home Nations Championship
Date 3 January 1891 - 7 March 1891
Countries  England
 Ireland
 Scotland
 Wales
Tournament statistics
Champions  Scotland (3rd title)
Triple Crown  Scotland (1st title)
Calcutta Cup  Scotland
Matches played 6
Top point scorer(s) Wales Bancroft (7)
Scotland Boswell (7)
Scotland McEwan (7)
Top try scorer(s) Scotland Clauss (3)
England Lockwood (3)
Scotland Wotherspoon (3)
1890 (Previous) (Next) 1892

The 1891 Home Nations Championship was the ninth series of the rugby union Home Nations Championship. Six matches were played between 3 January and 7 March. It was contested by England, Ireland, Scotland and Wales.

The 1891 Championship was won by Scotland, the fourth time the country had topped the table, but the first time Scotland had taken the Triple Crown title.

Rule changes this year, included the introduction of penalty goals, as although penalty kicks were introduced in 1882 no goal attempts could be made from one until this season. The two umpires were renamed as touch-judges and their powers were reduced to mark the spot where the ball left the field of play; a status that remained until additional powers were reinstated in 1982.[1] Players could now pick up a dead ball, and the dead ball line was set at a maximum of 25 yards.[1]

Table[edit]

Position Nation Games Points Table
points
Played Won Drawn Lost For Against Difference
1  Scotland 3 3 0 0 38 3 +35 6
2  England 3 2 0 1 19 12 +7 4
3  Wales 3 1 0 2 9 26 −17 2
4  Ireland 3 0 0 3 4 29 −25 0

Results[edit]

3 January 1891
Wales  3–7  England
7 February 1891
Ireland  0–9  England
7 February 1891
Scotland  15–0  Wales
21 February 1891
Ireland  0–14  Scotland
7 March 1891
Wales  6–4  Ireland
7 March 1891
England  3–9  Scotland

Scoring system[edit]

The matches for this season were decided on points scored. A try was worth one point, while converting a kicked goal from the try gave an additional two points. A dropped goal was worth three points. Penalty goals were now worth three points, as although introduced in 1882, no attempt could be made from a penalty kick at goal until this season.

The matches[edit]

Wales vs. England[edit]

3 January 1891
 Wales 3 – 7  England
Try: Pearson,
Con: Bancroft
Try: Christopherson (2)
Budworth
Con: Alderson (2)
Rodney Parade, Newport
Referee: RD Rainie (Scotland)

Wales: Billy Bancroft (Swansea), Tom Pearson (Cardiff), Charlie Arthur (Cardiff), David Gwynn (Swansea), Percy Lloyd (Llanelli), Charlie Thomas (Newport), Hugh Ingledew (Cardiff), Percy Bennett (Cardiff Harlequins), David William Evans (Cardiff), Harry Packer (Newport), William Bowen (Swansea) capt., Walter Rice Evans (Swansea), Jim Hannan (Newport), Rowley Thomas (London Welsh), Edward Pegge (Neath)

England: William Grant Mitchell (Richmond), Frederic Alderson (Hartlepool Rovers) capt., RE Lockwood (Heckmondwike), Percy Christopherson (Blackheath), William Leake (Harlequins), J Berry (Tyldesley), Eustace North (Oxford Uni.), Tom Kent (Salford), Sammy Woods (Cambridge U.), JT Toothill (Bradford), D Jowett (Heckmondwike), Richard Budworth (Blackheath), RP Wilson (Liverpool OB), William Bromet (Tadcaster), J Richards (Bradford)


Ireland vs. England[edit]

7 February 1891
 Ireland 0 – 9  England
Try: Lockwood (2)
Wilson (2)
Toothill
Con: Lockwood (2)

Ireland Dolway Walkington (NIFC) capt., RW Dunlop (Dublin U.), S Lee (NIFC), R Montgomery (NIFC), Benjamin Tuke (Bective Rangers), AC McDonnell (Dublin U.), JN Lytle (NIFC), EG Forrest (Wanderers), J Waites (Bective Rangers), JH O'Conner (Bective Rangers), CV Rooke (Dublin U.), J Roche (Wanderers), WJN Davis (Bessbrook), Victor Le Fanu (Landsdowne), LC Nash (Queen's Co. Cork)

England: William Grant Mitchell (Richmond), Frederic Alderson (Hartlepool Rovers) capt., RE Lockwood (Heckmondwike), Piercy Morrison (Cambridge U.), William Leake (Harlequins), J Berry (Tyldesley), Eustace North (Oxford Uni.), Tom Kent (Salford), Sammy Woods (Cambridge U.), JT Toothill (Bradford), D Jowett (Heckmondwike), Launcelot Percival (Oxford Uni.), RP Wilson (Liverpool OB), William Bromet (Tadcaster), J Richards (Bradford)


Scotland vs. Wales[edit]

7 February 1891
 Scotland 15 – 0  Wales
Try: CE Orr
JE Orr
Goodhue
Clauss (2)
Leggatt
Boswell
Con: McEwan (2)
Drop: W Nielson
Stevenson
Raeburn Place, Edinburgh
Referee: HL Ashmore (England)

Scotland: Henry Stevenson (Edinburgh Acads), Gregor MacGregor (Cambridge Uni), Paul Clauss (Oxford Uni.), W Neilson (Merchiston), CE Orr (West of Scotland), Darsie Anderson (London Scottish), Frederick Goodhue (London Scottish), A Dalglish (Gala), HTO Leggatt (Watsonians), GT Neilson (West of Scotland), MC McEwan (Edinburgh Acads) capt., I MacIntyre (Edinburgh Wanderers), Robert MacMillan (West of Scotland), JD Boswell (West of Scotland), JE Orr (West of Scotland)

Wales: Billy Bancroft (Swansea), William McCutcheon (Swansea), Dickie Garrett (Penarth), David Gwynn (Swansea), George Thomas (Newport), Ralph Sweet-Escott (Cardiff), Hugh Ingledew (Cardiff), Percy Bennett (Cardiff Harlequins), Sydney Nicholls (Cardiff), Tom Graham (Newport), William Bowen (Swansea), Walter Rice Evans (Swansea), David Daniel (Llanelli), Rowley Thomas (London Welsh), Willie Thomas (Llanelli) capt.


Ireland vs. Scotland[edit]

21 February 1891
 Ireland 0 – 14  Scotland
Try: Wotherspoon (3)
Clauss
MacGregor
Con: Boswell (3)
Drop: McEwan
Ballynafeigh, Belfast
Referee: George Rowland Hill (England)

Ireland Dolway Walkington (NIFC) capt., RW Dunlop (Dublin U.), S Lee (NIFC), HG Wells (Bective Rangers), Benjamin Tuke (Bective Rangers), ED Cameron (Bective Rangers), JN Lytle (NIFC), RD Stokes (Queens College), J Moffatt (Belfast Albion), JH O'Conner (Bective Rangers), JH O'Conor (Bective Rangers), J Roche (Wanderers), WJN Davis (Bessbrook), EF Frazer (Bective Rangers), LC Nash (Queen's Co. Cork)

Scotland: Henry Stevenson (Edinburgh Acads), Gregor MacGregor (Cambridge Uni), Paul Clauss (Oxford Uni.), GR Wilson (Royal HSFP), CE Orr (West of Scotland), William Wotherspoon (Cambridge Uni), Frederick Goodhue (London Scottish), A Dalglish (Gala), HTO Leggatt (Watsonians), GT Neilson (West of Scotland), MC McEwan (Edinburgh Acads) capt., I MacIntyre (Edinburgh Wands), WR Gibson (Royal HSFP), JD Boswell West of Scotland, JE Orr (West of Scotland)


England vs. Scotland[edit]

7 March 1891
 England 3 – 9  Scotland
Try: Lockwood
Con: Alderson
Try: W Neilson
JE Orr
Con: MacGregor (2)
Drop: Clauss
Athletic Ground, Richmond
Referee: J Chambers (Ireland)

England: William Grant Mitchell (Richmond), Frederic Alderson (Hartlepool Rovers) capt., RE Lockwood (Heckmondwike), Percy Christopherson (Blackheath), William Leake (Harlequins), J Berry (Tyldesley), Eustace North (Oxford Uni.), Tom Kent (Salford), Sammy Woods (Cambridge U.), Edgar Bonham-Carter (Oxford Uni.), D Jowett (Heckmondwike), Richard Budworth (Blackheath), RP Wilson (Liverpool OB), John Rogers (Moseley), J Richards (Bradford)

Scotland: Henry Stevenson (Edinburgh Acads), Gregor MacGregor (Cambridge Uni), Paul Robert Clauss (Oxford Uni.), Willie Neilson (Merchiston), CE Orr (West of Scotland), Darsie Anderson (London Scottish, Frederick Goodhue (London Scottish), Robert MacMillan (London Scottish), HTO Leggatt (Watsonians), GT Neilson (West of Scotland), MC McEwan (Edinburgh Acads) capt., I MacIntyre (Edinburgh Wands), WR Gibson (Royal HSFP), JD Boswell (West of Scotland), JE Orr (West of Scotland)


Wales vs. Ireland[edit]

7 March 1891
 Wales 6 – 4  Ireland
Try: Samuel
Con: Bancroft
Drop: Bancroft
Try: Lee
Drop: Walkington
Stradey Park, Llanelli
Attendance: 10,000
Referee: A Rowsell (England)

Wales: Billy Bancroft (Swansea), Tom Pearson (Cardiff), Dickie Garrett (Penarth), Charlie Thomas (Newport), Percy Lloyd (Llanelli), Evan James (Swansea), David James (Swansea), John Samuel (Swansea), Charles Nicholl (Llanelli), Tom Graham (Newport), Stephen Thomas (Llanelli), Tom Deacon (Swansea), David Samuel (Swansea), Rowley Thomas (London Welsh), Willie Thomas (Llanelli) capt.

Ireland Dolway Walkington (NIFC), RW Dunlop (Dublin U.), S Lee (NIFC), HG Wells (Bective Rangers), R Pedlow (Bessbrook), ED Cameron (Bective Rangers), T Fogarty (Garryowen), RD Stokes (Queens College), FO Stoker (Wanderers), JS Jameson (Lansdowne), R Stevenson (Dungannon) capt., J Roche (Wanderers), WJN Davis (Bessbrook), CV Rooke (Dublin U.), LC Nash (Queen's Co. Cork)

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Godwin (1984), pg 27.
Preceded by
1890 Home Nations
Home Nations Championship
1891
Succeeded by
1892 Home Nations