23rd meridian east

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Line across the Earth
23°
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23rd meridian east

The meridian 23° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, the Atlantic Ocean, Europe, Africa, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

The 23rd meridian east forms a great circle with the 157th meridian west.

From Pole to Pole[edit]

Starting at the North Pole and heading south to the South Pole, the 23rd meridian east passes through:

Co-ordinates Country, territory or sea Notes
90°0′N 23°0′E / 90.000°N 23.000°E / 90.000; 23.000 (Arctic Ocean) Arctic Ocean
80°27′N 23°0′E / 80.450°N 23.000°E / 80.450; 23.000 (Norway)  Norway Island of Nordaustlandet, Svalbard
79°16′N 23°0′E / 79.267°N 23.000°E / 79.267; 23.000 (Barents Sea) Barents Sea
78°13′N 23°0′E / 78.217°N 23.000°E / 78.217; 23.000 (Norway)  Norway Island of Edgeøya, Svalbard
77°18′N 23°0′E / 77.300°N 23.000°E / 77.300; 23.000 (Barents Sea) Barents Sea
72°25′N 23°0′E / 72.417°N 23.000°E / 72.417; 23.000 (Atlantic Ocean) Atlantic Ocean Norwegian Sea
70°51′N 23°0′E / 70.850°N 23.000°E / 70.850; 23.000 (Norway)  Norway Islands of Sørøya, Seiland, Stjernøya and the mainland
68°42′N 23°0′E / 68.700°N 23.000°E / 68.700; 23.000 (Finland)  Finland
68°19′N 23°0′E / 68.317°N 23.000°E / 68.317; 23.000 (Sweden)  Sweden
65°45′N 23°0′E / 65.750°N 23.000°E / 65.750; 23.000 (Baltic Sea) Baltic Sea Gulf of Bothnia
63°49′N 23°0′E / 63.817°N 23.000°E / 63.817; 23.000 (Finland)  Finland
59°50′N 23°0′E / 59.833°N 23.000°E / 59.833; 23.000 (Baltic Sea) Baltic Sea
58°55′N 23°0′E / 58.917°N 23.000°E / 58.917; 23.000 (Estonia)  Estonia Island of Hiiumaa
58°50′N 23°0′E / 58.833°N 23.000°E / 58.833; 23.000 (Baltic Sea) Baltic Sea Kassaare Bay
58°36′N 23°0′E / 58.600°N 23.000°E / 58.600; 23.000 (Estonia)  Estonia Island of Saaremaa
58°21′N 23°0′E / 58.350°N 23.000°E / 58.350; 23.000 (Baltic Sea) Baltic Sea Gulf of Riga - passing just west of the island of Ruhnu,  Estonia
57°24′N 23°0′E / 57.400°N 23.000°E / 57.400; 23.000 (Latvia)  Latvia
56°24′N 23°0′E / 56.400°N 23.000°E / 56.400; 23.000 (Lithuania)  Lithuania
54°22′N 23°0′E / 54.367°N 23.000°E / 54.367; 23.000 (Poland)  Poland
49°51′N 23°0′E / 49.850°N 23.000°E / 49.850; 23.000 (Ukraine)  Ukraine
48°0′N 23°0′E / 48.000°N 23.000°E / 48.000; 23.000 (Romania)  Romania
44°6′N 23°0′E / 44.100°N 23.000°E / 44.100; 23.000 (Bulgaria)  Bulgaria For about 9 km
44°1′N 23°0′E / 44.017°N 23.000°E / 44.017; 23.000 (Romania)  Romania
43°49′N 23°0′E / 43.817°N 23.000°E / 43.817; 23.000 (Bulgaria)  Bulgaria
43°12′N 23°0′E / 43.200°N 23.000°E / 43.200; 23.000 (Serbia)  Serbia For about 7 km - easternmost point of the country
43°9′N 23°0′E / 43.150°N 23.000°E / 43.150; 23.000 (Bulgaria)  Bulgaria
41°47′N 23°0′E / 41.783°N 23.000°E / 41.783; 23.000 (Macedonia)  Macedonia For about 10 km - easternmost point of the country
41°41′N 23°0′E / 41.683°N 23.000°E / 41.683; 23.000 (Bulgaria)  Bulgaria
41°20′N 23°0′E / 41.333°N 23.000°E / 41.333; 23.000 (Greece)  Greece
40°22′N 23°0′E / 40.367°N 23.000°E / 40.367; 23.000 (Mediterranean Sea) Mediterranean Sea Aegean Sea
39°33′N 23°0′E / 39.550°N 23.000°E / 39.550; 23.000 (Greece)  Greece
39°21′N 23°0′E / 39.350°N 23.000°E / 39.350; 23.000 (Mediterranean Sea) Mediterranean Sea Pagasetic Gulf, Aegean Sea
39°1′N 23°0′E / 39.017°N 23.000°E / 39.017; 23.000 (Greece)  Greece Mainland and island of Euboea
38°53′N 23°0′E / 38.883°N 23.000°E / 38.883; 23.000 (Mediterranean Sea) Mediterranean Sea Euripus Strait, Aegean Sea
38°45′N 23°0′E / 38.750°N 23.000°E / 38.750; 23.000 (Greece)  Greece
38°13′N 23°0′E / 38.217°N 23.000°E / 38.217; 23.000 (Alkyonides Gulf) Alkyonides Gulf
38°4′N 23°0′E / 38.067°N 23.000°E / 38.067; 23.000 (Greece)  Greece Peloponnese
37°29′N 23°0′E / 37.483°N 23.000°E / 37.483; 23.000 (Mediterranean Sea) Mediterranean Sea Argolic Gulf, Aegean Sea
37°2′N 23°0′E / 37.033°N 23.000°E / 37.033; 23.000 (Greece)  Greece Peloponnese
36°31′N 23°0′E / 36.517°N 23.000°E / 36.517; 23.000 (Mediterranean Sea) Mediterranean Sea
36°19′N 23°0′E / 36.317°N 23.000°E / 36.317; 23.000 (Greece)  Greece Island of Kythira
36°9′N 23°0′E / 36.150°N 23.000°E / 36.150; 23.000 (Mediterranean Sea) Mediterranean Sea
32°39′N 23°0′E / 32.650°N 23.000°E / 32.650; 23.000 (Libya)  Libya
20°1′N 23°0′E / 20.017°N 23.000°E / 20.017; 23.000 (Chad)  Chad
15°35′N 23°0′E / 15.583°N 23.000°E / 15.583; 23.000 (Sudan)  Sudan
10°43′N 23°0′E / 10.717°N 23.000°E / 10.717; 23.000 (Central African Republic)  Central African Republic
4°47′N 23°0′E / 4.783°N 23.000°E / 4.783; 23.000 (Democratic Republic of the Congo)  Democratic Republic of the Congo
11°6′S 23°0′E / 11.100°S 23.000°E / -11.100; 23.000 (Angola)  Angola
13°0′S 23°0′E / 13.000°S 23.000°E / -13.000; 23.000 (Zambia)  Zambia
17°17′S 23°0′E / 17.283°S 23.000°E / -17.283; 23.000 (Angola)  Angola
17°43′S 23°0′E / 17.717°S 23.000°E / -17.717; 23.000 (Namibia)  Namibia Caprivi Strip
18°1′S 23°0′E / 18.017°S 23.000°E / -18.017; 23.000 (Botswana)  Botswana
25°20′S 23°0′E / 25.333°S 23.000°E / -25.333; 23.000 (South Africa)  South Africa North West
Northern Cape
Western Cape
Eastern Cape
Western Cape
34°4′S 23°0′E / 34.067°S 23.000°E / -34.067; 23.000 (Indian Ocean) Indian Ocean
60°0′S 23°0′E / 60.000°S 23.000°E / -60.000; 23.000 (Southern Ocean) Southern Ocean
70°6′S 23°0′E / 70.100°S 23.000°E / -70.100; 23.000 (Antarctica) Antarctica Queen Maud Land, claimed by  Norway

See also[edit]