31st meridian east

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Line across the Earth
31°
31st meridian east

The meridian 31° east of Greenwich is a line of longitude that extends from the North Pole across the Arctic Ocean, Europe, Turkey, Africa, the Indian Ocean, the Southern Ocean, and Antarctica to the South Pole.

The 31st meridian east forms a great circle with the 149th meridian west.

From Pole to Pole[edit]

Starting at the North Pole and heading south to the South Pole, the 31st meridian east passes through:

Co-ordinates Country, territory or sea Notes
90°0′N 31°0′E / 90.000°N 31.000°E / 90.000; 31.000 (Arctic Ocean) Arctic Ocean
80°10′N 31°0′E / 80.167°N 31.000°E / 80.167; 31.000 (Barents Sea) Barents Sea Passing just west of Kvitøya, Svalbard,  Norway
Passing just east of Kong Karls Land, Svalbard,  Norway
70°25′N 31°0′E / 70.417°N 31.000°E / 70.417; 31.000 (Norway)  Norway Varanger Peninsula - easternmost point of the country
70°16′N 31°0′E / 70.267°N 31.000°E / 70.267; 31.000 (Varangerfjord) Varangerfjord
69°46′N 31°0′E / 69.767°N 31.000°E / 69.767; 31.000 (Russia)  Russia
63°18′N 31°0′E / 63.300°N 31.000°E / 63.300; 31.000 (Finland)  Finland
62°22′N 31°0′E / 62.367°N 31.000°E / 62.367; 31.000 (Russia)  Russia Passing through Lake Ladoga
55°9′N 31°0′E / 55.150°N 31.000°E / 55.150; 31.000 (Belarus)  Belarus For about 3 km
55°7′N 31°0′E / 55.117°N 31.000°E / 55.117; 31.000 (Russia)  Russia For about 4 km
55°5′N 31°0′E / 55.083°N 31.000°E / 55.083; 31.000 (Belarus)  Belarus For about 7 km
55°1′N 31°0′E / 55.017°N 31.000°E / 55.017; 31.000 (Russia)  Russia
54°43′N 31°0′E / 54.717°N 31.000°E / 54.717; 31.000 (Belarus)  Belarus For about 3 km
54°41′N 31°0′E / 54.683°N 31.000°E / 54.683; 31.000 (Russia)  Russia For about 2 km
54°40′N 31°0′E / 54.667°N 31.000°E / 54.667; 31.000 (Belarus)  Belarus
52°4′N 31°0′E / 52.067°N 31.000°E / 52.067; 31.000 (Ukraine)  Ukraine
46°35′N 31°0′E / 46.583°N 31.000°E / 46.583; 31.000 (Black Sea) Black Sea
41°5′N 31°0′E / 41.083°N 31.000°E / 41.083; 31.000 (Turkey)  Turkey For 474 km.
36°52′N 31°0′E / 36.867°N 31.000°E / 36.867; 31.000 (Mediterranean Sea) Mediterranean Sea
31°35′N 31°0′E / 31.583°N 31.000°E / 31.583; 31.000 (Egypt)  Egypt Passing just west of Cairo
22°0′N 31°0′E / 22.000°N 31.000°E / 22.000; 31.000 (Sudan)  Sudan
9°45′N 31°0′E / 9.750°N 31.000°E / 9.750; 31.000 (South Sudan)  South Sudan
3°42′N 31°0′E / 3.700°N 31.000°E / 3.700; 31.000 (Uganda)  Uganda
2°24′N 31°0′E / 2.400°N 31.000°E / 2.400; 31.000 (Democratic Republic of the Congo)  Democratic Republic of the Congo
1°56′N 31°0′E / 1.933°N 31.000°E / 1.933; 31.000 (Lake Albert) Lake Albert
1°32′N 31°0′E / 1.533°N 31.000°E / 1.533; 31.000 (Uganda)  Uganda
1°0′S 31°0′E / 1.000°S 31.000°E / -1.000; 31.000 (Tanzania)  Tanzania
8°16′S 31°0′E / 8.267°S 31.000°E / -8.267; 31.000 (Lake Tanganyika) Lake Tanganyika
8°46′S 31°0′E / 8.767°S 31.000°E / -8.767; 31.000 (Zambia)  Zambia
14°44′S 31°0′E / 14.733°S 31.000°E / -14.733; 31.000 (Mozambique)  Mozambique
16°3′S 31°0′E / 16.050°S 31.000°E / -16.050; 31.000 (Zimbabwe)  Zimbabwe Passing just west of Harare
22°19′S 31°0′E / 22.317°S 31.000°E / -22.317; 31.000 (South Africa)  South Africa Limpopo
Mpumalanga
26°12′S 31°0′E / 26.200°S 31.000°E / -26.200; 31.000 (Swaziland)  Swaziland
27°2′S 31°0′E / 27.033°S 31.000°E / -27.033; 31.000 (South Africa)  South Africa Mpumalanga
KwaZulu-Natal - passing through Durban
29°57′S 31°0′E / 29.950°S 31.000°E / -29.950; 31.000 (Indian Ocean) Indian Ocean
60°0′S 31°0′E / 60.000°S 31.000°E / -60.000; 31.000 (Southern Ocean) Southern Ocean
69°2′S 31°0′E / 69.033°S 31.000°E / -69.033; 31.000 (Antarctica) Antarctica Queen Maud Land, claimed by  Norway

See also[edit]